Ford Focus Electric Owner's Manual

Owner's Manual for Ford Focus Electric Automobile (224 pages)

Specifications:

264/264334-focus.pdf file (14 Jan 2024)
  • Manufacturer: Ford
  • Category of Device: Automobile
  • Document: Focus Electric, File Type: PDF Owner's Manual
  • Updated: 14-01-2024
  • Count of Pages: 224
Download Focus Electric Manual (224 pages)

Read Ford Focus Electric PDF Manual Online:

Data: UPD 14th January 2024

Ford Focus Electric Automobile PDF Owner's Manual (Updated: Sunday 14th of January 2024 06:08:22 PM)

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Compatible devices: 1996 Contour, 2011 F-250, Tourneo Connect, EVEREST, ESCAPE HYBRID FCS-14265-05, Fiesta 2019, 2005 Thunderbird, 2005 Crown Victoria.

Recommended Documentation:

Text Version of Ford Focus Electric Automobile Manual

(Ocr-Read Summary of Contents, Document's Main Page, UPD: 14 January 2024)
  • Page 1:

    Introduction 4

    Instrument Cluster 10

    Warning and control lights 10

    Gauges 14

    Entertainment Systems 16

    AM/FM stereo with single CD 16

    AM/FM stereo with in-dash six CD 20

    Remote audio controls 24

    Climate Controls 26

    Heater only 26

    Manual heating and air conditioning 27

    Rear window defroster 29

    Lights 30

    Headlamps 30

    Turn signal control 32

    Driver Controls 40

    Windshield wiper/washer control 40

    Steering wheel adjustment 41

    Power windows 44

    Mirrors 45

    Speed control 45

    Locks and Security 53

    Keys 53

    Locks 53

    Anti-theft system 55

    Table of Contents

    1

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    Table of Contents

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    Seating and Safety Restraints 63

    Seating 63

    Safety restraints 68

    Air bags 81

    Child restraints 91

    Driving 103

    Starting 103

    Brakes 107

    Traction control 108

    Transmission operation 110

    Vehicle loading 115

    Trailer towing 121

    Recreational towing 124

    Roadside Emergencies 125

    Getting roadside assistance 125

    Hazard flasher switch 126

    Fuel pump shut-off switch 126

    Fuses and relays 127

    Changing tires 134

    Jump starting 139

    Wrecker towing 146

    Customer Assistance 147

    Reporting safety defects (U.S. only) 155

    Cleaning 156

    Table of Contents

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    Maintenance and Specifications 162

    Engine compartment 164

    Engine oil 165

    Battery 168

    Fuel information 175

    Tire Information 190

    Part numbers 202

    Refill capacities 203

    Lubricant specifications 205

    Accessories 213

    Index 215

    All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical

    including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval

    system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written

    authorization from Ford Motor Company. Ford may change the contents without

    notice and without incurring obligation.

    Copyright © 2004 Ford Motor Company

    Table of Contents

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    CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning

    WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and

    certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to

    the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other

    reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and

    certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known

    to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other

    reproductive harm.

    CONGRATULATIONS

    Congratulations on acquiring your new Ford. Please take the time to get

    well acquainted with your vehicle by reading this handbook. The more

    you know and understand about your vehicle, the greater the safety and

    pleasure you will derive from driving it.

    For more information on Ford Motor Company and its products visit the

    following website:

    • In the United States: www.ford.com

    • In Canada: www.ford.ca

    • In Australia: www.ford.com.au

    • In Mexico: www.ford.com.mx

    Additional owner information is given in separate publications.

    This Owner’s Guide describes every option and model variant available

    and therefore some of the items covered may not apply to your

    particular vehicle. Furthermore, due to printing cycles it may describe

    options before they are generally available.

    Remember to pass on this Owner’s Guide when reselling the vehicle. It

    is an integral part of the vehicle.

    Fuel pump shut-off switch: In the event of an accident the

    safety switch will automatically cut off the fuel supply to the

    engine. The switch can also be activated through sudden vibration (e.g.

    collision when parking). To reset the switch, refer to the Fuel pump

    shut-off switch in the Roadside Emergencies chapter.

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    Introduction

    Introduction

    4

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    SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

    Warning symbols in this guide

    How can you reduce the risk of personal injury to yourself or others? In

    this guide, answers to such questions are contained in comments

    highlighted by the warning triangle symbol. These comments should be

    read and observed.

    Warning symbols on your vehicle

    When you see this symbol, it is

    imperative that you consult the

    relevant section of this guide before

    touching or attempting adjustment

    of any kind.

    Protecting the environment

    We must all play our part in

    protecting the environment. Correct

    vehicle usage and the authorized

    disposal of waste, cleaning and

    lubrication materials are significant

    steps towards this aim. Information in this respect is highlighted in this

    guide with the tree symbol.

    BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE

    Your vehicle does not need an extensive break-in. Try not to drive

    continuously at the same speed for the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of

    new vehicle operation. Vary your speed frequently in order to give the

    moving parts a chance to break in.

    Do not add friction modifier compounds or special break-in oils during

    the first few thousand miles (kilometers) of operation, since these

    additives may prevent piston ring seating. See Engine oil in the

    Maintenance and Specifications chapter for more information on oil

    usage.

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    SPECIAL NOTICES

    Emission warranty

    The New Vehicle Limited Warranty includes Bumper-to-Bumper

    Coverage, Safety Restraint Coverage, Corrosion Coverage, and 6.0L

    Power Stroke Diesel Engine Coverage. In addition, your vehicle is eligible

    for Emissions Defect and Emissions Performance Warranties. For a

    detailed description of what is covered and what is not covered, refer to

    the Warranty Guide that is provided to you along with your Owner’s

    Guide.

    Special instructions

    For your added safety, your vehicle is fitted with sophisticated electronic

    controls.

    Please read the section Supplemental restraint system (SRS)

    in the Seating and Safety Restraints chapter. Failure to follow

    the specific warnings and instructions could result in personal injury.

    Front seat mounted rear-facing child or infant seats should

    NEVER be placed in front of an active passenger air bag.

    Service Data Recording

    Service data recorders in your vehicle are capable of collecting and

    storing diagnostic information about your vehicle. This potentially

    includes information about the performance or status of various systems

    and modules in the vehicle, such as engine, throttle, steering or brake

    systems. In order to properly diagnose and service your vehicle, Ford

    Motor Company, Ford of Canada, and service and repair facilities may

    access vehicle diagnostic information through a direct connection to your

    vehicle when diagnosing or servicing your vehicle.

    Event Data Recording

    Other modules in your vehicle — event data recorders — are capable of

    collecting and storing data during a crash or near crash event. The

    recorded information may assist in the investigation of such an event.

    The modules may record information about both the vehicle and the

    occupants, potentially including information such as:

    • how various systems in your vehicle were operating;

    • whether or not the driver and passenger seatbelts were buckled;

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    Introduction

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    • how far (if at all) the driver was depressing the accelerator and/or the

    brake pedal;

    • how fast the vehicle was traveling; and

    • where the driver was positioning the steering wheel.

    To access this information, special equipment must be directly connected

    to the recording modules. Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada do

    not access event data recorder information without obtaining consent,

    unless pursuant to court order or where required by law enforcement,

    other government authorities or other third parties acting with lawful

    authority. Other parties may seek to access the information

    independently of Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada.

    MIDDLE EAST/NORTH AFRICA VEHICLE SPECIFIC INFORMATION

    For your particular global region, your vehicle may be equipped with

    features and options that are different from the ones that are described

    in this Owner’s Guide; therefore, a supplement has been supplied that

    complements this book. By referring to the pages in the provided

    supplement, you can properly identify those features, recommendations

    and specifications that are unique to your vehicle. Refer to this

    Owner’s Guide for all other required information and warnings.

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    These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.

    Vehicle Symbol Glossary

    Safety Alert

    See Owner’s Guide

    Fasten Safety Belt Air Bag-Front

    Air Bag-Side Child Seat

    Child Seat Installation

    Warning

    Child Seat Lower

    Anchor

    Child Seat Tether

    Anchor

    Brake System

    Anti-Lock Brake System

    Brake Fluid -

    Non-Petroleum Based

    Traction Control AdvanceTrac娂

    Master Lighting Switch Hazard Warning Flasher

    Fog Lamps-Front Fuse Compartment

    Fuel Pump Reset Windshield Wash/Wipe

    Windshield

    Defrost/Demist

    Rear Window

    Defrost/Demist

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    Vehicle Symbol Glossary

    Power Windows

    Front/Rear

    Power Window Lockout

    Child Safety Door

    Lock/Unlock

    Interior Luggage

    Compartment Release

    Symbol

    Panic Alarm Engine Oil

    Engine Coolant

    Engine Coolant

    Temperature

    Do Not Open When Hot Battery

    Avoid Smoking, Flames,

    or Sparks

    Battery Acid

    Explosive Gas Fan Warning

    Power Steering Fluid

    Maintain Correct Fluid

    Level

    MAX

    MIN

    Emission System Engine Air Filter

    Passenger Compartment

    Air Filter

    Jack

    Check fuel cap

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    WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES

    Standard instrument cluster

    Optional instrument cluster

    Warning lights and gauges can alert you to a vehicle condition that may

    become serious enough to cause expensive repairs. A warning light may

    illuminate when a problem exists with one of your vehicle’s functions.

    Many lights will illuminate when you start your vehicle to make sure the

    bulb works. If any light remains on after starting the vehicle, have the

    respective system inspected immediately.

    Check engine: The Check Engine

    indicator light illuminates when the

    ignition is first turned to the ON

    position to check the bulb. Solid

    illumination after the engine is started indicates the On Board

    Diagnostics System (OBD-II) has detected a malfunction. Refer to

    OBD-II in the Maintenance and Specifications chapter. If the light is

    blinking, engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic

    converter. Drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and

    deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced immediately.

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    Instrument Cluster

    Instrument Cluster

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    Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures

    could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior

    floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.

    Check fuel cap: Illuminates when

    the fuel cap may not be properly

    installed. Continued driving with

    this light on may cause the Check

    engine warning light to come on,

    refer to Fuel filler cap in the Maintenance and Specification chapter.

    Brake system warning light: To

    confirm the brake system warning

    light is functional, it will

    momentarily illuminate when the

    ignition is turned to the ON position when the engine is not running, or

    in a position between ON and START, or by applying the parking brake

    when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the brake system

    warning light does not illuminate at this time, seek service immediately

    from your dealership. Illumination after releasing the parking brake

    indicates low brake fluid level and the brake system should be inspected

    immediately by your servicing dealership.

    Driving a vehicle with the brake system warning light on is

    dangerous. A significant decrease in braking performance may

    occur. It will take you longer to stop the vehicle. Have the vehicle

    checked by your dealer immediately.

    Anti-lock brake system: If the

    ABS light stays illuminated or

    continues to flash, a malfunction has

    been detected, have the system

    serviced immediately. Normal

    braking is still functional unless the brake warning light also is

    illuminated.

    Air bag readiness: If this light fails

    to illuminate when ignition is turned

    to ON, continues to flash or remains

    on, have the system serviced

    immediately. A chime will also sound when a malfunction in the

    supplemental restraint system has been detected.

    CHECK

    FUEL

    CAP

    ABS

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    Safety belt: Reminds you to fasten

    your safety belt. A chime will also

    sound to remind you to fasten your

    safety belt.

    Charging system: Illuminates when

    the battery is not charging properly.

    Engine oil pressure: Illuminates

    when the oil pressure falls below the

    normal range, refer to Engine oil in

    the Maintenance and

    specifications chapter.

    Anti-theft system: Flashes when

    the Securilock娂 Passive Anti-theft

    System has been activated.

    Overdrive off (if equipped):

    Illuminates when the overdrive

    function of the transaxle has been

    turned off, refer to the Driving

    chapter. If the light flashes steadily or does not illuminate, have the

    transmission serviced soon, or damage may occur.

    Upshift (if equipped): To

    maximize fuel economy, this light

    illuminates when the manual

    transmission should be shifted to

    the next highest gear. Refer to the Driving chapter for more

    information.

    Traction Control娂 system (if

    equipped): Illuminates when the

    Traction Control娂 is turned OFF

    and will flash when active. If the

    light remains on, have the system

    serviced immediately, refer to the

    Driving chapter for more

    information.

    O/D

    OFF

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    Low fuel: Illuminates when the fuel

    level in the fuel tank is at or near

    empty (refer to Fuel gauge in this

    chapter).

    Speed control (if equipped):

    Illuminates when the speed control

    is activated. Turns off when the

    speed control system is deactivated,

    refer to the Driver Controls

    chapter for more information.

    Door ajar: Illuminates when the

    ignition is in the ON position and

    any door is open.

    Turn signal: Illuminates when the

    left or right turn signal or the

    hazard lights are turned on. If the

    indicators stay on or flash faster, check for a burned out bulb.

    High beams: Illuminates when the

    high beam headlamps are turned on.

    Key-in-ignition warning chime: Sounds when the key is left in the

    ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACCESSORY position and the driver’s door

    is opened.

    Headlamps on warning chime: Sounds when the headlamps or parking

    lamps are on, the ignition is off (the key is not in the ignition) and the

    driver’s door is opened.

    Gearshift warning chime (automatic transaxle only): Sounds when

    the gearshift lever is not in P (Park) and the driver’s door is opened.

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    GAUGES

    Speedometer: Indicates the

    current vehicle speed.

    Engine coolant temperature

    gauge: Indicates engine coolant

    temperature. At normal operating

    temperature, the needle will be in

    the normal range. If it enters the

    red section, the engine is

    overheating. Stop the vehicle as

    soon as safely possible, switch

    off the engine and let the engine cool. If it enters the red section

    and the Check Engine indicator light illuminates, refer to How fail safe

    cooling works in coolant in the Maintenance and Specifications

    chapter.

    Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is

    running or hot.

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    Odometer: Registers the total miles

    (kilometers) of the vehicle.

    Trip odometer: Registers the miles

    (kilometers) of individual journeys.

    To reset, depress the reset control.

    Tachometer (if equipped):

    Indicates the engine speed in

    revolutions per minute. Driving with

    your tachometer pointer

    continuously at the top of the scale

    may damage the engine.

    Fuel gauge: Indicates

    approximately how much fuel is left

    in the fuel tank (when the ignition

    is in the ON position). The fuel

    gauge may vary slightly when the

    vehicle is in motion or on a grade.

    Refer to Filling the tank in the

    Maintenance and Specifications

    chapter for more information.

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    AM/FM STEREO WITH SINGLE CD — PREMIUM (IF EQUIPPED)

    AM/FM STEREO WITH SINGLE CD/MP3 — PREMIUM

    (IF EQUIPPED)

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    Entertainment Systems

    Entertainment Systems

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    1. / Tune selector: Press to

    manually increase/decrease the

    radio frequency.

    2. Phone/mute: Press to mute the

    playing media. Press again to return

    to the playing media.

    3. Menu: Press MENU to access the

    main menu functions. Use the Tune

    selector (

    / )or SEEK

    for adjustments.

    Track/Folder mode: (Available with the CD/MP3 Premium system

    only). This mode is active with MP3 discs in CD mode. In Track Mode,

    CD functions use all tracks on the disc. In Folder Mode, CD functions

    use the tracks only within the current folder.

    Compression: Available only in CD mode. Compression brings soft and

    loud CD passages together for a more consistent listening level.

    Repeat: (Available in menu mode only with the AM/FM single CD/MP3

    Premium system). Available only in CD mode. Select to repeat the

    current CD track.

    Autoset: Sets the strongest radio stations on the radio frequency band

    without losing the original manually set preset stations for the current

    radio frequency band. With AUTOSET ON, the six strongest stations are

    filled in the presets. The tuner will be set to the station stored in preset

    1. If there are less than six strong stations, the system will store the last

    one in all of the remaining presets. Turning AUTOSET OFF returns the

    presets to the original preset stations.

    Bass/Treble: Press the Tune Selector (

    / )or SEEK to

    increase/decrease the Bass or Treble levels.

    Balance: Press the Tune Selector (

    / )or SEEK to adjust

    the audio between the left and right speakers.

    Fade: Press the Tune Selector (

    / )or SEEK to adjust the

    audio between the front and rear speakers.

    Speed sensitive volume: Radio volume automatically adjusts according

    to vehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise. Press the Tune

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    selector ( / )or SEEK to turn off or select rates 1 through

    7. Rate 7 compensates the most volume at higher speeds.

    Setting the clock: Upon initial battery connect, this function is

    displayed first among MENU functions. Once the clock is set, this will be

    shown as the last MENU function. Press MENU until SELECT HOUR or

    SELECT MINS is displayed. Press the Tune selector (

    / ) to adjust

    the hours/minutes.

    4. Aux: Press to access the

    Auxiliary mode. If no auxiliary

    sources are available, NO AUX

    RADIO will be displayed.

    5. Seek up: Press for the next

    strong station or CD track. Press

    and hold for continuous seek action.

    6. Text: In CD mode, press to

    display the track name, artist name

    and disc name (if available).

    7. Shuffle: Press to play tracks in

    random order on the selected CD.

    The first press shows shuffle state.

    Repeated presses toggle shuffle on/off.

    8. FOLDER: Press to access the

    next MP3 folder.

    Comp (Compression): In CD

    mode, brings soft and loud CD

    passages together for a more

    consistent listening level.

    9. FOLDER: Press to access the

    previous MP3 folder.

    Repeat: Available only in CD mode.

    Press to repeat the current CD

    track.

    10. Fast forward: Press and hold

    to manually advance the CD.

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    11. Rewind: Press and hold to

    manually reverse the CD.

    12. Memory presets: To set a

    station: Select frequency band

    AM/FM1/FM2; tune to a desired

    station, press and hold the preset button until the display shows that the

    preset is set.

    13. Scan: Press for a brief sampling

    of all strong radio stations or CD

    tracks. Press again to stop scan

    function.

    14. Seek: Press to access the

    previous strong station or track.

    15. AM/FM: Press to toggle

    between AM/FM1/FM2 frequency

    bands or to stop CD play.

    16. ON/OFF/Volume: Press to turn

    ON/OFF; turn to increase/decrease

    the volume levels. If the volume is

    set above a certain level and the

    ignition is turned off, for at least a

    minute, the volume will come back

    on at a “nominal” listening level when the ignition switch is turned back

    on.

    17. CD: Press to enter CD mode. If

    a CD is already loaded into the

    system, CD play will begin where it

    last ended.

    18. CD eject: Press to eject a CD. If

    CD is not present, the display will

    read NO CD.

    19. CD slot: Insert a CD label side

    up.

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    AM/FM STEREO WITH IN–DASH 6CD —PREMIUM /AUDIOPHILE

    (IF EQUIPPED)

    1.

    / Tune Selector: Press to

    manually increase/decrease the

    radio frequency when in tuner mode

    or to choose a different disc when in

    CD mode with multiple discs in the changer.

    2. Phone/mute: Press to mute the

    playing media. Press again to return

    to the playing media.

    3. Menu: Press MENU to access the

    main menu functions. Use the Tune

    Selector (

    / )or SEEK

    for adjustments.

    RDS (Radio Data System) Available only on Audiophile radios. The

    system is equipped with a decoder that receives special signals

    transmitted on the FM frequency. The station’s name and information

    will show in the display. The system performs a search of RDS-equipped

    stations for a certain music format category: Classic, Country, Info,

    Jazz/RB, Religious, Rock, Soft, and Top 40. RDS must be activated to

    access the FIND and SHOW functions.

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    To activate RDS, press and hold MENU until RDS ON or RDS OFF

    appears in the display. Press MENU again to continue to FIND and

    SHOW functions. Press the Tune Selector (

    / )or SEEK to

    toggle RDS on/off and to scroll through the FIND and SHOW functions.

    Track/Folder mode:Available only on MP3 discs in CD mode. In Track

    Mode, CD functions use all tracks on the disc. In Folder Mode, CD

    functions use the tracks only within the current folder.

    Compression: Available only in CD mode. Compression brings soft and

    loud CD passages together for a more consistent listening level.

    Autoset: Sets the strongest radio stations on the radio frequency band

    without losing the original manually set preset stations for the current

    radio frequency band. With AUTOSET ON, the six strongest stations are

    filled in the presets. The tuner will be set to the station stored in preset

    1. If there are less than six strong stations, the system will store the last

    one in all of the remaining presets. Turning AUTOSET OFF returns the

    presets to the original preset stations.

    Bass/Treble: Press the Tune Selector (

    / )or SEEK to

    increase/decrease the Bass or Treble levels.

    Balance: Press the Tune Selector (

    / )or SEEK to adjust

    the audio between the left and right speakers.

    Fade: Press the Tune Selector (

    / )or SEEK to adjust the

    audio between the front and rear speakers.

    Speed sensitive volume: Radio volume automatically adjusts according

    to vehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise. Press the Tune

    selector (

    / )or SEEK to turn off or select rates 1 through

    7. Rate 7 compensates the most volume at higher speeds.

    Setting the clock: Upon initial battery connect, this function is

    displayed first among MENU functions. Once the clock is set, this will be

    shown as the last MENU function. Press MENU until SELECT HOUR or

    SELECT MINS is displayed. Press the Tune selector (

    / ) to adjust

    the hours/minutes.

    4. Aux: Press to access the

    Auxiliary mode. If no auxiliary

    sources are available, NO AUX

    AUDIO will be displayed.

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    5. Seek up: Press for next strong

    station or CD track. Press and hold

    for continuous seek functionality.

    6. Text: Press in CD mode to

    display track title, artist and album

    title. This feature will only function

    if the CDs are manufactured with the CD text feature.

    7. Shuffle: Press to play tracks in

    random order on the selected CD.

    The first press shows shuffle state.

    Repeated presses toggle shuffle on/off.

    8. FOLDER: Press to access the

    next folder on MP3 discs, if other

    folders are available.

    9. FOLDER: Press to access the

    previous MP3 folder on MP3 discs, if

    other folders are available.

    10. Fast forward: Press and hold

    to manually advance CD.

    11. Rewind: Press and hold to

    manually reverse CD.

    12. Memory presets: To set a

    station: Select frequency band

    AM/FM1/FM2; tune to a desired

    station, press and hold the preset button until the display shows the

    preset is set.

    13. Scan: Press for a brief sampling

    of the next strong radio stations or

    CD tracks. Press again to stop scan

    function.

    14. Seek down: Press for previous

    strong station or CD track. Press

    and hold for continuous seek

    functionality.

    15. AM/FM: Press to toggle

    between AM/FM1/FM2 frequency

    bands.

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    16. ON/OFF/Volume: Press to turn

    ON/OFF; turn to increase/decrease

    the volume levels. If the volume is

    set above a certain level and the

    ignition is turned off, for at least a

    minute, the volume will come back

    on at a “nominal” listening level when the ignition switch is turned back

    on.

    17. CD: Press to enter CD mode. If

    a CD is already loaded into the

    changer, CD play will begin where it

    last ended.

    18. LOAD: Press to load a CD.

    When display reads, SELECT SLOT,

    select a preset 1–6. Press and hold

    LOAD to autoload up to six CDs.

    19. CD eject: Press to eject a CD.

    When display reads SELECT SLOT,

    select a preset 1–6. Press and hold

    to auto eject all CDs present in the changer. If CD is not present, the

    radio will display NO CD.

    20. CD slot: Insert a CD label side

    up.

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    REMOTE AUDIO STEERING COLUMN CONTROLS (IF EQUIPPED)

    The remote audio steering column controls may be used to select radio

    or CD mode. The following functions can be carried out using the remote

    control.

    • Volume:

    Pull VOL+ towards the steering wheel to increase the volume.

    Pull VOL- towards the steering wheel to decrease the volume.

    • SEEK: Move the SEEK control towards the steering wheel to advance

    to the next radio station or the next CD track.

    Move the SEEK control towards the instrument panel to seek to the

    next radio station down the frequency band or the previous CD track.

    • MODE:

    Press and hold to toggle through AM/FM1/FM2/CD modes.

    Press and release to move to the next preset radio station, or the next CD.

    Press in all modes to abort a traffic message during broadcasting.

    RADIO FREQUENCIES

    AM and FM frequencies are established by the Federal Communications

    Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio and Telecommunications

    Commission (CRTC). Those frequencies are:

    AM - 530, 540–1700, 1710 kHz

    FM- 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz

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    RADIO RECEPTION FACTORS

    There are three factors that can effect radio reception:

    • Distance/strength: The further you travel from an FM station, the

    weaker the signal and the weaker the reception.

    • Terrain: Hills, mountains, tall buildings, power lines, electric fences,

    traffic lights and thunderstorms can interfere with your reception.

    • Station overload: When you pass a broadcast tower, a stronger signal

    may overtake a weaker one and play while the weak station frequency

    is displayed.

    CD/CD PLAYER CARE

    Do:

    • Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.

    • Inspect discs before playing. Clean only with an approved CD cleaner

    and wipe from the center out.

    Don’t:

    • Expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended periods

    of time.

    • Insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer magazine.

    • Clean using a circular motion.

    CD units are designed to play commercially pressed 12 cm (4.75 in)

    audio compact discs only. Due to technical incompatibility, certain

    recordable and re-recordable compact discs may not function

    correctly when used in Ford CD players. Irregular shaped CDs,

    CDs with a scratch protection film attached, and CDs with

    homemade paper (adhesive) labels should not be inserted into

    the CD player. The label may peel and cause the CD to become

    jammed. It is recommended that homemade CDs be identified

    with permanent felt tip marker rather than adhesive labels.

    Ballpoint pens may damage CDs. Please contact your dealer for

    further information.

    AUDIO SYSTEM WARRANTY AND SERVICE

    Refer to the Warranty Guide for audio system warranty information. If

    service is necessary, see your dealer or qualified technician.

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    HEATER ONLY SYSTEM

    (IF EQUIPPED)

    1. Air flow selections: Controls

    the direction of the airflow in the

    cabin. See the following for a brief

    description on each control.

    : Distributes air through the

    instrument panel vents.

    : Distributes air through the

    instrument panel vents and the floor

    vents.

    : Distributes air through the floor vents.

    : Distributes air through the windshield defroster vents and floor

    vents.

    : Distributes air through the windshield defroster vents.

    2. Fan speed adjustment: Controls the volume of air circulated in the

    cabin.

    3. Recirculated air: Press to toggle between outside air and

    recirculated air. May help reduce undesirable odors from entering the

    vehicle. Recirculated air will not function in

    or any position in

    between

    and .

    4. Temperature selection: Controls the temperature of the airflow in

    the cabin.

    Operating tips

    • To reduce fog build up on the windshield during humid weather, place

    the air flow selector in the

    position.

    • To reduce humidity build up inside the vehicle during cold or warm

    weather, do not drive or leave the vehicle parked with the air flow

    selector in the OFF position.

    • Do not put objects under the front seats that will interfere with the air

    flow to the rear seats.

    • Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area at the base of

    the windshield.

    To aid in side window defogging/demisting in cold weather:

    1. Select

    .

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    2. Modulate the temperature control to maintain comfort.

    3. Set the fan speed to the highest setting.

    4. Direct the outer instrument panel vents toward the side windows.

    To increase airflow to the outer instrument panel vents, close the vents

    located in the middle of the instrument panel.

    Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel as these

    objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.

    MANUAL HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

    (IF EQUIPPED)

    1. Air flow selections: Controls

    the direction of the airflow in the

    cabin. See the following for a brief

    description on each control.

    : Distributes air through the

    instrument panel vents.

    : Distributes air through the

    instrument panel vents and the floor

    vents.

    : Distributes air through the floor vents.

    : Distributes air through the windshield defroster and demister vents

    and floor vents.

    : Distributes air through the windshield defroster and demister

    vents. This mode can be used to clear the windshield of thin ice and fog.

    2. Fan speed adjustment: Controls the volume of air circulated in the

    cabin. Note: When the fan is turned to the O (OFF) position, the A/C is

    also turned off.

    3. Rear Defrost (if equipped): Refer to Rear window defroster in this

    chapter.

    4.

    Recirculated air: Press to activate/deactivate air recirculation

    in the vehicle cabin. Recirculated air may reduce the amount of time

    required to cool down the interior of the vehicle and may also help

    reduce undesired odors from reaching the interior of the vehicle.

    Recirculated air will not function in

    or any position in

    between

    and .

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    5. A/C: Provides cabin cooling.

    6. Temperature selection: Controls the temperature of the airflow in

    the cabin.

    Max A/C: For maximum cabin cooling performance, select A/C (5)

    and

    (4).

    Operating tips

    • To reduce fog build up on the windshield during humid weather, place

    the air flow selector in the

    position and turn the fan on.

    • To reduce humidity build up inside the vehicle, do not drive with the

    fan turned off or with recirculated air engaged.

    • Do not put objects under the front seats that will interfere with the

    airflow to the back seats.

    • Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area at the base of

    the windshield.

    • To improve A/C cool down, drive with the windows slightly open for

    2–3 minutes after starting the vehicle or until the vehicle has been

    “aired out.”

    To allow side window defogging and demisting while warming up the

    vehicle cabin:

    1. Select

    .

    2. Select A/C.

    3. Set the temperature control to maintain comfort.

    4. Set the highest fan speed.

    5. Direct the outer instrument panel vents towards the side windows.

    To increase airflow to the outer instrument panel vents, close the vents

    located in the middle of the instrument panel.

    Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel as these

    objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.

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    REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER

    The rear defroster control is located on the instrument panel.

    Press the rear defroster control to clear the rear window of thin ice and

    fog.

    • A small LED will illuminate when

    the rear defroster is activated.

    The ignition must be in the ON

    position to operate the rear window defroster.

    The defroster turns off automatically after 14 minutes or when the

    ignition is turned to the OFF position. To manually turn off the defroster

    before 14 minutes have passed, push the control again.

    Do not use razor blades or other sharp objects to clean the inside

    of the rear window or to remove decals from the inside of the

    rear window. This may cause damage to the heated grid lines and

    will not be covered by your warranty.

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    HEADLAMP CONTROL

    Turns the lamps off.

    Turns on the parking

    lamps, instrument panel lamps,

    license plate lamps and tail lamps.

    Turns the headlamps on.

    Foglamp control (if equipped)

    The headlamp control also operates

    the foglamps. The foglamps can be

    turned on when the headlamp

    control is in the

    position and

    the high beams are not turned on.

    Pull headlamp control towards you

    to turn foglamps on. The foglamp

    indicator light

    will illuminate.

    Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)

    Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output.

    To activate:

    • the ignition must be in the ON position,

    • the headlamp control is in the OFF or parking lamp position and

    • the parking brake must be disengaged.

    Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during

    inclement weather. The Daytime Running Lamp (DRL) system

    does not activate with your tail lamps and generally may not provide

    adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your

    headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.

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    High beams

    Pull the lever towards you to

    activate. Pull the lever towards you

    again to deactivate.

    Flash to pass

    Pull toward you slightly to activate

    and release to deactivate.

    PANEL DIMMER CONTROL

    Use to adjust the brightness of the

    instrument panel during headlight

    and parklamp operation.

    • Rotate the thumbwheel from left

    to right to brighten the

    instrument panel.

    • Rotate the thumbwheel from right to left to dim the instrument panel.

    VERTICAL AIM ADJUSTMENT

    1. Park the vehicle on a level surface directly in front of a vertical wall or

    screen, approximately 7.6 meters (25 feet) away.

    2. Measure the height of the headlamp bulb center from the ground and

    mark a 2.5 meters (8 foot) horizontal reference line on the vertical wall

    or screen at this height. (A piece of masking tape works well.)

    3. Turn on the low beam headlamps to illuminate the wall or screen and

    open the hood.

    4. On the wall or screen you will observe an area of high intensity light.

    The top of the high intensity area should touch the horizontal reference

    line. If not, the beam will need to be adjusted.

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    5. Locate the vertical adjuster on

    each headlamp. Using a 7mm Allen

    wrench, turn the adjuster either

    clockwise (to adjust down) or

    counterclockwise (to adjust up).

    The high intensity area should touch

    the horizontal reference line.

    Note: HORIZONTAL AIM IS NOT

    REQUIRED FOR THIS VEHICLE

    AND IS NON-ADJUSTIBLE.

    6. Close the hood and turn off the lamps.

    TURN SIGNAL CONTROL

    • Push down to activate the left

    turn signal.

    • Push up to activate the right turn

    signal.

    INTERIOR LAMPS

    Dome lamps

    The dome lamp is equipped with a

    control switch that will illuminate

    when:

    • the doors are closed and the

    switch is in the on position.

    • the switch is in the door activated

    position and any door is open.

    When the dome lamp switch is in the off position, it will not illuminate

    when you open the doors.

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    Reading lamps (if equipped)

    The reading lamps are operated by

    separate on/off controls.

    Theater dimming: The dome lamp

    dims about 20 seconds after the

    doors are closed.

    BULBS

    Replacing exterior bulbs

    Check the operation of all the bulbs frequently.

    Using the right bulbs

    Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs

    must be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America to assure

    lamp performance, light brightness and pattern and safe visibility. The

    correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly or void the lamp

    assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn time.

    Function Trade number

    Headlamps HB5

    Park and turn lamp (front) 3157K

    Side marker lamp (front) GE194

    Foglamps (if equipped) H11

    Stop/turn and tail lamps 3157K

    Backup lamp (sedan/wagon) 3156K

    Backup lamp (3-door/5-door) 921

    License plate lamp C-5W

    High-mount brakelamp W5W

    Dome lamp (front/rear) 12V10W

    Map lamp 12V6W

    Luggage compartment 12V10W

    To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer

    Replacing the interior bulbs

    Check the operation of the bulbs frequently. To replace any of the

    interior bulbs, see a dealer or qualified technician.

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    Replacing headlamp bulbs

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position and open the

    hood.

    2. Remove the cover panel at the

    front of the engine compartment.

    3. Remove the bulb cap by turning it

    counterclockwise (inboard).

    4. Pull the bulb straight out from

    the bulb holder.

    Install in reverse order.

    Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of

    children’s reach. Grasp the bulb by only its plastic base and do

    not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to

    break the next time the headlamps are operated.

    Note: If the bulb is accidentally touched, it should be cleaned with

    rubbing alcohol before being used.

    Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position and open the

    hood.

    2. Remove the cover panel at the

    front of the engine compartment.

    3. Remove the bulb socket from the

    lamp assembly by turning

    counterclockwise (inboard).

    4. Pull the bulb straight out of the

    socket.

    Install in reverse order.

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    Replacing turn signal lamps

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position.

    2. Reach under the bumper cover

    and remove the bulb socket from

    the turn signal lamp by turning

    counterclockwise.

    3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the turn signal lamp bulb.

    Install in reverse order.

    Replacing tail/brake/backup lights and turn signal bulbs (3dr & 5dr)

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position and then

    open the hatchback.

    2. From inside the luggage

    compartment remove the wing nut

    of the rear light assembly cover.

    3. Using a Phillips screwdriver

    remove the screw. The lamp is still

    retained by a spring loaded clip.

    Remove by gently pulling out the

    light housing.

    4. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise as far as possible and pull it

    out.

    5. Pull the bulb straight out of the socket.

    Install in reverse order.

    Replacing tail/brake/backup lights and turn signal bulbs (sedan)

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position and then

    open the trunk.

    2. From inside the luggage

    compartment remove the three wing

    nuts of the light housing.

    3. Gently pull the light housing to

    the outside.

    4. Turn the bulb socket

    counterclockwise and pull it out.

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    5. Pull the bulb straight out of the socket.

    Install in reverse order.

    Replacing tail/brake/backup lights and turn signal bulbs (wagon)

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position and then

    open the hatchback.

    2. Using a screwdriver, remove the

    fixings and trim from the body.

    3. Remove the socket from the lamp

    assembly

    4. Pull the bulb straight out of the

    socket.

    Install in reverse order.

    Replacing foglamp bulbs (if equipped)

    1. Make sure the headlamp switch is

    in the OFF position and remove the

    bulb socket from the foglamp by

    turning counterclockwise.

    2. Disconnect the electrical

    connector.

    Install the new bulb in reverse order.

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    Replacing side marker bulbs

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position.

    2. Reach under the front fender,

    grasp the bulb socket and turn it

    counterclockwise to remove it.

    3. Pull the bulb straight out.

    Install in reverse order.

    Replacing high-mount brake lamp bulbs

    Sedan

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position and open the

    luggage compartment.

    2. Using a screwdriver remove the

    trim from the trunk lid.

    3. Pull the bulb holder from the

    lamp assembly.

    4. Pull the bulb straight out.

    Install in reverse order.

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    3dr & 5dr and wagon

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position.

    2. Remove the screws using a Torx

    T20 screwdriver and then remove

    the plastic cover.

    3. Unclip the bulb holder from the

    reflector.

    4. Pull the bulb straight out.

    Install in reverse order.

    Replacing license plate lamp bulbs

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position.

    2. Insert a flathead screwdriver in

    the recess and pry out the complete

    light assembly.

    3. Pull the bulb straight out.

    Install in reverse order.

    Replacing the luggage compartment lamp

    1. Make sure the headlamp control

    is in the OFF position.

    2. Carefully pry out the light

    assembly from the holder with a

    flathead screwdriver.

    3. Pull the bulb straight out.

    Install in reverse order.

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    Replacing interior lamps

    1. Make sure the headlamp switch is

    in the OFF position.

    2. Switch off the interior lamps

    (middle switch position).

    3. Pry out the light assembly with a

    flat screwdriver at the side opposite

    the switch.

    Install in reverse order.

    Replacing reading bulbs

    1. Open the reading lamp assembly.

    2. Pull the bulb straight out and

    replace it.

    3. After the bulb has been replaced,

    close the lamp assembly.

    Install in reverse order.

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    MULTI-FUNCTION LEVER

    Windshield wiper: Move the lever

    down for a single wipe.

    For intermittent operation, move

    control up one position and adjust

    the rotary control to the desired

    speed.

    For normal operation, move control

    up two positions.

    For high speed operation, move control up three positions.

    Mist function: To mist, push and

    release the windshield washer

    control quickly. The wipers will

    cycle two or three times to clear the

    windshield.

    Windshield washer: To activate

    the windshield washer, push the

    windshield washer control. Release

    control to stop washer fluid spray. The wipers will provide three wipes

    after the wash is turned off.

    Rear window wiper/washer

    (if equipped)

    Wiper

    Pull the lever towards you for

    intermittent wiping.

    Washer

    Pull the lever further to operate the

    washer.

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    Changing the wiper blades

    1. Pull the wiper arm away from the

    vehicle. Turn the blade at an angle

    from the wiper arm. Push the lock

    pin manually to release the blade

    and pull the wiper blade down

    toward the windshield to remove it

    from the arm.

    2. Attach the new wiper to the

    wiper arm and press it into place

    until a click is heard.

    3. Replace wiper blades every 6

    months for optimum performance.

    4. Poor wiper quality can sometimes

    be improved by cleaning the wiper

    blades, refer to Window and wiper

    blades in the Cleaning chapter.

    5. To prolong the life of the wiper blades, it is highly recommended to

    scrape off the ice on the windshield before turning on the wipers. The

    layer of ice has many sharp edges and can damage the micro edge of the

    wiper rubber element.

    TILT AND TELESCOPE STEERING COLUMN (IF EQUIPPED)

    Pull the locking lever down to adjust

    and telescope the steering column

    position. Return the lever to its

    original position to secure the

    wheel.

    The telescope function is adjusted

    by moving the wheel toward the

    driver to telescope out and toward

    the instrument panel to telescope

    in. Always place both hands

    opposite each other to adjust.

    Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.

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    HORN

    Press the steering wheel pad. The

    horn can be operated when the

    ignition is off.

    OVERHEAD CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)

    The appearance of your vehicle’s overhead console will vary according to

    your option package.

    Storage compartment

    Press the latch to open the storage

    compartment.

    Installing a garage door opener (if equipped)

    The storage compartment can be converted to accommodate a variety of

    aftermarket garage door openers:

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    • Place the Velcro hook onto the

    side of the aftermarket

    transmitter opposite of the

    button.

    • Place the transmitter into storage

    compartment, button down.

    • Place the provided height

    adaptors onto the back of the

    door as needed.

    • Close the door.

    • Press the depression in the door

    to activate the transmitter.

    AUXILIARY POWER POINT (IF EQUIPPED)

    Power outlets are designed for

    accessory plugs only. Do not

    hang any type of accessory or

    accessory bracket from the plug.

    Improper use of the power

    outlet can cause damage not

    covered by your warranty.

    The auxiliary power points are

    located on the instrument panel and in the center console utility

    compartment.

    Do not plug optional electrical accessories into the cigarette lighter. Use

    the power point.

    Do not use the power point for operating the cigarette lighter element.

    The Maximum power each power point can supply depends on the fuse

    rating. For example: a 20A fuse should supply a maximum of 240 Watts,

    a 15A fuse should supply a maximum of 180 Watts and a 10A fuse should

    supply a maximum of 120 Watts. Exceeding these limits will result in a

    blown fuse.

    Always keep the power point caps closed when not being used.

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    POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)

    Do not leave children unattended in the vehicle and do not let

    children play with the power windows. They may seriously injure

    themselves.

    When closing the power windows, you should verify they are free

    of obstructions and ensure that children and/or pets are not in

    the proximity of the window openings.

    Press and hold the bottom part of

    the rocker switch to open the

    window. Press and hold the top part

    of the rocker switch to close the

    window.

    One touch down: Allows the

    driver’s window to open fully

    without holding the control down.

    Press the driver window control completely down then release. Press

    again to stop.

    Window lock

    The window lock feature allows only

    the driver to operate the power

    windows.

    To lock out all the rear window

    controls slide the control to the left.

    Slide the control to the right to

    restore the window controls.

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    MIRRORS

    Power side view mirrors

    To adjust your mirrors:

    1. Rotate the control clockwise to

    adjust the right mirror and rotate

    the control counterclockwise to

    adjust the left mirror.

    2. Move the control in the direction

    you wish to tilt the mirror.

    3. Return to the center position to

    lock mirrors in place.

    Heated mirrors (if equipped)

    Both mirrors are heated

    automatically to remove ice, mist

    and fog when the rear window

    defrost is activated.

    Do not remove ice from the

    mirrors with a scraper or

    attempt to readjust the mirror

    glass if it is frozen in place.

    These actions could cause

    damage to the glass and mirrors.

    SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)

    With speed control set, you can maintain a speed of 30 mph (48 km/h)

    or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator pedal. Speed

    control does not work at speeds below 30 mph (48 km/h).

    Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that

    are winding, slippery or unpaved.

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    Setting speed control

    The controls for using your speed

    control are located on the steering

    wheel for your convenience.

    1. Press the ON control and release

    it.

    2. Accelerate to the desired speed.

    3. Press the SET ACCEL control

    and release it.

    4. Take your foot off the accelerator

    pedal.

    5. The indicator light on the

    instrument cluster will turn on.

    Note:

    • Vehicle speed may vary momentarily when driving up and down a

    steep hill.

    • If the vehicle speed increases above the set speed on a downhill, you

    may want to apply the brakes to reduce the speed.

    • If the vehicle speed decreases more than 10 mph (16 km/h) below

    your set speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage.

    Disengaging speed control

    To disengage the speed control:

    • Depress the brake pedal or

    • Depress the clutch pedal (if equipped).

    Disengaging the speed control will not erase previous set speed.

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    Resuming a set speed

    Press the RES (resume) control and

    release it. This will automatically

    return the vehicle to the previously

    set speed. The RES control will not

    work if the vehicle speed is not

    faster than 30 mph (48 km/h).

    Increasing speed while using speed control

    There are two ways to set a higher

    speed:

    • Press and hold the SET ACCEL

    control until you get to the

    desired speed, then release the

    control. You can also use the SET

    ACCEL control to operate the

    Tap-Up function. Press and

    release this control to increase

    the vehicle set speed in small

    amounts by 1 mph (1.6 km/h).

    • Use the accelerator pedal to get to the desired speed. When the

    vehicle reaches that speed, press and release the SET ACCEL control.

    Reducing speed while using speed control

    There are two ways to reduce a set

    speed:

    • Press and hold the COAST

    control until you get to the

    desired speed, then release the

    control. You can also use the

    COAST control to operate the

    Tap-Down function. Press and

    release this control to decrease

    the vehicle set speed in small

    amounts by 1 mph (1.6 km/h).

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    • Depress the brake pedal until the

    desired vehicle speed is reached,

    press the SET ACCEL control.

    Turning off speed control

    Press the speed control OFF

    control.

    Note: When you turn off the speed

    control or the ignition, your speed

    control set speed memory is erased.

    MOON ROOF (SUNROOF) (IF EQUIPPED)

    You can move the glass panel of the moon roof back to open or tilt up to

    ventilate the vehicle.

    To open the moon roof:

    • Press and release the

    portion

    of the moon roof control to open.

    • Press and hold (as desired)

    the

    portion of the moon roof

    control to close.

    • To halt motion at any point

    during one-touch opening, press

    the control a second time.

    To vent:

    • To tilt the moon roof into the vent position (when the glass panel is

    closed), press and hold the front portion of the control.

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    • To close the moon roof from the vent position, press and hold the rear

    portion of the control until the glass panel stops moving.

    Before operating the moonroof you should verify that it is free of

    obstructions and ensure that children and/or pets are not in the

    proximity of moon roof opening.

    Do not let children play with the moon roof or leave children

    unattended in the vehicle. They may seriously hurt themselves.

    Relearning function: In case the moon roof does not close properly

    anymore, follow this relearning procedure.

    • Tilt the moon roof into the vent position as far as possible. Release the

    switch.

    • Press and hold the same switch again for 30 seconds until you see the

    moon roof move.

    • Release the switch and immediately press and hold it again. The moon

    roof will close, open fully and then close again. Do not release the

    switch before the moon roof has reached the closed position for the

    second time.

    Safety mode: If the system detects a malfunction, it enters a safety

    mode. The moon roof will move about 0.5 seconds at a time and then

    stop again. Press the switch repeatedly until the moon roof is closed.

    Have the system checked by your Ford Dealer immediately.

    REMOTE LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT RELEASE (IF EQUIPPED)

    To open the luggage compartment,

    press the control on the instrument

    panel.

    The control does not function if the

    vehicle is traveling faster then

    7 km/h (4 mph).

    CELL PHONE USE

    The use of Mobile Communications Equipment has become increasingly

    important in the conduct of business and personal affairs. However,

    drivers must not compromise their own or others’ safety when using

    such equipment. Mobile Communications can enhance personal safety

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    and security when appropriately used, particularly in emergency

    situations. Safety must be paramount when using mobile communications

    equipment to avoid negating these benefits.

    Mobile Communication Equipment includes, but is not limited to cellular

    phones, pagers, portable email devices, in vehicle communications

    systems, telematics devices and portable two-way radios.

    A driver’s first responsibility is the safe operation of the vehicle.

    The most important thing you can do to prevent a crash is to

    avoid distractions and pay attention to the road. Wait until it is safe to

    operate Mobile Communications Equipment.

    POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT

    Position the driver floor mat so that

    the eyelet is over the pointed end of

    the retention post and rotate

    forward to lock in. Make sure that

    the mat does not interfere with the

    operation of the accelerator, brake

    pedal or cluch pedal (if equipped).

    To remove the floor mat, reverse the

    installation procedure.

    LUGGAGE COVER

    Models with rear hatch

    Detach the lifting straps on the

    liftgate. Release the cover at the

    sides and pull it out horizontally

    without tilting it.

    Install in reverse order. Make sure

    the cover is properly aligned when

    inserting it.

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    Wagon

    Pull out the roller cover and secure

    the retaining points. The cover can

    be removed completely by pressing

    inward on both ends of the support.

    To reduce the risk of injury,

    the luggage cover must be

    properly attached to the mounting

    clips.

    Do not place any objects on the cargo area cover. They may

    obstruct your vision or strike occupants of the vehicle in the

    case of a sudden stop or collision.

    The cover may cause injury in a sudden stop or accident if it is

    not securely installed.

    LIFTGATE (WAGON ONLY)

    You can open and close the liftgate from outside of the vehicle.

    • To open the liftgate, unlock the

    wagon (with the power door locks

    or the remote entry key fob) and

    push the button next to the

    license plate.

    • To close the liftgate, grab the pull

    handle (if equipped) and pull the

    liftgate down. If the tailgate

    doesn’t close due to a load, do

    not use the pull handle to tie the

    liftgate down.

    • To lock the liftgate, press the lock button down on the inside of the

    liftgate. Use the power door locks, or the remote entry key fob to lock

    the wagon.

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    Do not leave the liftgate open while driving. Doing so could cause serious

    damage to the liftgate and its components as well as allowing carbon

    monoxide to enter the vehicle.

    Make sure that the liftgate door is closed to prevent exhaust

    fumes from being drawn into the vehicle. This will also prevent

    passengers and cargo from falling out. If you must drive with the

    liftgate door open, keep the vents open so outside air comes into the

    vehicle

    LUGGAGE RACK (IF EQUIPPED)

    The maximum recommended load is

    100 kg (220 lbs) on the luggage

    rack structure. The load must be

    placed directly on the dealer

    installed cross bars (if equipped)

    and luggage rack. The vehicle’s roof

    panel is not designed to carry a

    load.

    When loading the luggage rack, it is recommended to evenly distribute

    the load, as well as maintain a low center of gravity. Ensure that the load

    is securely fastened.

    Your fuel economy will decrease when you drive with items on the

    luggage rack. When the rack is loaded, check the tightness of the rear

    adjusting thumbwheel before driving and at each refueling stop.

    Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle

    differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as

    slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when

    driving a heavily loaded vehicle.

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    KEYS

    The key operates all locks on your vehicle. You should always carry a

    second key with you in a safe place in case you require it in an

    emergency.

    Your keys are programmed to your vehicle; using a non-programmed key

    will not permit your vehicle to start. If you lose your dealer supplied

    keys, replacement keys are available through your authorized dealer.

    POWER DOOR LOCKS

    The power door lock controls are

    located on the driver and front

    passenger door panels.

    Pressing the

    will unlock all the

    doors. Pressing the

    will lock all

    the doors.

    The power door lock controls are

    disabled 20 seconds after the

    ignition is turned to the 2 (OFF) position.

    Autolock (if equipped)

    On vehicles equipped with an automatic transmission, the autolock

    feature will lock the vehicle’s doors when:

    • all the doors are closed,

    • the ignition is in the 3 (ON) or 4 (START) position,

    • with the brake pedal depressed, you shift into forward or reverse,

    • you release the brake pedal, and

    • the vehicle speed is greater than 4 mph (7 km/h).

    Relock

    The autolock feature repeats when:

    • any door is opened then closed while the ignition is in the 3 (ON)

    position, and

    • with the brake pedal depressed, you shift into forward or reverse,

    • you release the brake pedal, and

    • the vehicle speed is greater than 4 mph (7 km/h).

    To deactivate/reactivate the autolock feature using the power door

    unlock control

    You must complete steps 1-7 within 30 seconds or the procedure will

    have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you must

    wait 30 seconds.

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    1. Turn the ignition to the 3 (ON) position.

    2. Press the power door unlock control three times.

    3. Turn the ignition from 3 (ON) position to the 2 (OFF) position.

    4. Press the power door unlock control three times.

    5. Turn the ignition back to 3 (ON) position. The horn will chirp.

    6. Press the unlock control, then press the lock control. The horn will

    chirp once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short and one long

    chirp) if autolock was activated.

    7. Turn the ignition to the 2 (OFF) position. The horn will chirp once to

    confirm the procedure is complete.

    Childproof door locks

    • When these locks are set, the

    rear doors cannot be opened from

    the inside.

    • The rear doors can be opened

    from the outside when the doors

    are unlocked.

    The childproof locks are located on

    rear edge of each rear door and

    must be set separately for each

    door. Setting the lock for one door

    will not automatically set the lock

    for both doors.

    • Insert the key and turn to the

    lock position (key vertical) to

    engage the childproof locks.

    • Insert the key and turn to the

    unlock position (key horizontal)

    to disengage the childproof locks.

    INTERIOR LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT RELEASE

    Your vehicle is equipped with a mechanical interior luggage compartment

    release handle that provides a means of escape for children and adults in

    the event they become locked inside the luggage compartment.

    Adults are advised to familiarize themselves with the operation and

    location of the release handle.

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    To open the luggage compartment

    door (lid) from within the luggage

    compartment, pull the illuminated

    “T” shaped handle and push up on

    the trunk lid. The handle is

    composed of a material that will

    glow for hours in darkness following

    brief exposure to ambient light.

    The “T” shaped handle will be

    located either on the luggage

    compartment door (lid) or inside

    the luggage compartment near the

    tail lamps.

    Keep vehicle doors and

    luggage compartment

    locked and keep keys and remote

    transmitters out of a child’s reach.

    Unsupervised children could lock

    themselves in the trunk and risk

    injury. Children should be taught

    not to play in vehicles.

    On hot days, the temperature in the trunk or vehicle interior can

    rise very quickly. Exposure of people or animals to these high

    temperatures for even a short time can cause death or serious

    heat-related injuries, including brain damage. Small children are

    particularly at risk.

    REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)

    This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RS-210 of

    Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

    (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device

    must accept any interference received, including interference that may

    cause undesired operation.

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    Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party

    responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to

    operate the equipment.

    The typical operating range for your remote entry transmitter is

    approximately 33 feet (10 meters). A decrease in operating range could

    be caused by:

    • weather conditions,

    • nearby radio towers,

    • structures around the vehicle, or

    • other vehicles parked next to your vehicle.

    Your vehicle may have an all-door remote entry system.

    The all-door remote entry system

    allows you to:

    • lock or unlock all vehicle doors

    without a key.

    • arm and disarm the anti-theft

    system. For more information on

    the anti-theft system, refer to

    Perimeter alarm system (if

    equipped) in this chapter.

    • open the luggage compartment

    without a key.

    • activate the panic alarm.

    The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the 1

    (LOCK) or 2 (OFF) position.

    If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,

    ensure ALL remote entry transmitters are brought to the dealership,

    to aid in troubleshooting.

    Unlocking the doors

    1. Press and release to unlock the driver’s door. Note: The interior

    lamps will illuminate.

    2. With the all-door remote entry, press

    and release again within

    three seconds to unlock all the doors.

    The remote entry system activates the illuminated entry feature. This

    feature turns on the interior lamps for 25 seconds or until the ignition is

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    turned to the 3 (ON) position. The dome lamp control must be set to the

    ON position in order for the illuminated entry feature to operate.

    Passive locking (if equipped)

    If the vehicle is unlocked using the

    on the remote entry transmitter,

    the vehicle will automatically be locked again (and also arm the

    anti-theft feature, if equipped) provided:

    • no vehicle door was opened, or

    • the liftgate (if equipped) was not opened, or

    • the ignition remained in the 2 (OFF) position for 45 seconds.

    Programming unlocking mode (if equipped)

    The unlocking mode (if equipped) on the remote entry transmitter can

    be programmed. To change the unlocking mode from the single-door

    unlocking mode to the central all-door unlocking mode:

    • With the vehicle in the 2 (OFF) position, press the

    and on the

    remote entry transmitter simultaneously and hold for 4 seconds. The

    park/turn lamps will flash twice to indicate the mode change.

    • Press the

    and on the remote entry transmitter simultaneously

    and hold for 4 seconds to toggle between unlocking modes.

    Locking the doors

    • Press and release to lock all doors. Note: The park/turn lamps will

    flash once.

    • Press

    and release a second time to confirm all doors have locked.

    Note: The horn will make two quick chirps.

    This process will also arm the vehicle’s anti-theft system (if equipped).

    For more information on arming the anti-theft system, refer to

    Perimeter alarm system (if equipped) in this chapter.

    Opening the luggage compartment

    Press once to open the luggage compartment. Note: This feature

    will only operate with the ignition in the 1 (LOCK) or the 2 (OFF)

    position.

    • Ensure that the trunk is closed and latched before driving your

    vehicle. Failure to properly latch the trunk may cause objects to fall

    out or block the driver’s rear view.

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    Sounding a panic alarm

    Press

    to activate the alarm. Press the control again, or turn the

    ignition to the 3 (ON) position to deactivate.

    Note: The panic alarm will only operate when the ignition is in the 1

    (LOCK) or 2 (OFF) position.

    Replacing the battery

    The remote entry transmitter uses one coin type three-volt lithium

    battery CR2032 or equivalent.

    To replace the battery:

    1. Twist a thin coin between the two

    halves of the remote entry

    transmitter near the key ring. DO

    NOT TAKE THE RUBBER COVER

    AND CIRCUIT BOARD OFF THE

    FRONT HOUSING OF THE

    REMOTE ENTRY TRANSMITTER.

    2. Do not wipe off any grease on the

    battery terminals on the back

    surface of the circuit board.

    3. Remove the old battery. Note: Please refer to local regulations when

    disposing of transmitter batteries.

    4. Insert the new battery. Refer to the diagram inside the remote entry

    transmitter for the correct orientation of the battery. Press the battery

    down to ensure that the battery is fully seated in the battery housing

    cavity.

    5. Snap the two halves back together.

    Note: Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitter

    to become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmitter

    should operate normally after battery replacement.

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    Replacing lost remote entry transmitters

    If you would like to have your remote entry transmitter reprogrammed

    because you lost one, or would like to buy additional remote entry

    transmitters, you can either reprogram them yourself, or take all

    remote entry transmitters to your authorized dealer for

    reprogramming.

    How to reprogram your remote entry transmitters

    You must have all remote entry transmitters (maximum of four)

    available before beginning this procedure.

    To reprogram the remote entry

    transmitters:

    1. Close all doors and fasten the driver’s seat belt to ensure conflicting

    chimes do not sound during the procedure.

    2. Put the key in the ignition.

    3. Turn the key from the 2 (OFF) position to the 3 (ON) position.

    4. Cycle four times rapidly (within six seconds) between the 2 (OFF)

    and the 3 (ON) position. Note: The fourth turn must end in the 2 (OFF)

    position.

    5. Within 20 seconds press any button on the remote entry transmitter.

    Note: If more than 20 seconds have passed you will need to start the

    procedure over again.

    6. Repeat Step 5 to program each additional remote entry transmitter.

    7. Turn the ignition to the 2 (OFF) position after you have finished

    programming all of the remote entry transmitters.

    SECURILOCK姟 PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM

    SecuriLock娂 passive anti-theft system is an engine immobilization

    system. This system is designed to prevent the engine from being started

    unless a coded key programmed to your vehicle is used. The use of

    the wrong type of coded key may lead to a “no-start” condition.

    Your vehicle comes with two coded keys; additional coded keys may be

    purchased from your dealer. The dealer can program your spare keys to

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    your vehicle or you can program the keys yourself. Refer to

    Programming spare keys for instructions on how to program the coded

    key.

    Note: The SecuriLock娂 passive anti-theft system is not compatible with

    non-Ford aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems may

    result in vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection.

    Note: Large metallic objects, electronic devices that are used to

    purchase gasoline or similar items, or a second coded key on the same

    key chain may cause vehicle starting issues. You need to prevent these

    objects from touching the coded key while starting the engine. These

    objects will not cause damage to the coded key, but may cause a

    momentary issue if they are too close to the key when starting the

    engine. If a problem occurs, turn the ignition off, remove all objects on

    the key chain away from the coded key and restart the engine.

    Theft indicator

    The theft indicator is located in the instrument cluster.

    • When the ignition is in the 2 (OFF) position, the indicator will flash

    once every 2 seconds to indicate the SecuriLock娂 system is

    functioning as a theft deterrent.

    • When the ignition is in the 3 (ON) position, the indicator will glow for

    3 seconds, then turn off, to indicate normal system functionality.

    If a problem occurs with the SecuriLock娂 system, the indicator will flash

    rapidly or glow steadily when the ignition is in the 3 (ON) position. If

    this occurs, the vehicle should be taken to an authorized dealer for

    service.

    Replacement keys

    If your keys are lost or stolen and you don’t have an extra coded key,

    you will need to have your vehicle towed to a dealership. The key codes

    need to be erased from your vehicle and new coded keys will need to be

    programmed.

    Replacing coded keys can be very costly. Store an extra programmed key

    away from the vehicle in a safe place to help prevent any

    inconveniences. Please visit an authorized dealer to purchase additional

    spare or replacement keys.

    Programming spare keys

    You can program your own coded keys to your vehicle. Please read and

    understand the entire procedure before you begin.

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    Tips:

    • A maximum of eight keys can be coded to your vehicle.

    • Only use SecuriLock娂 keys.

    • You must have two previously programmed coded keys (keys that

    already operate your vehicle’s engine) and the new unprogrammed

    key(s) readily accessible.

    • If two previously programmed coded keys are not available, you must

    take your vehicle to your dealer to have the spare key(s)

    programmed.

    1. Insert a previously programmed

    coded key into the ignition.

    2. Turn the ignition from the 2 (OFF) position to the 3 (ON) position.

    Keep the ignition in the 3 (ON) position for at least one second, but no

    more than 10 seconds.

    3. Turn the ignition to the 2 (OFF) position.

    4. Remove the previously programmed coded key from the ignition.

    5. Within ten seconds of removing the previously programmed coded key,

    insert the other previously programmed coded key into the ignition.

    6. Turn the ignition from the 2 (OFF) position to the 3 (ON) position.

    Keep the ignition in the 3 (ON) position for at least one second but not

    more than 10 seconds.

    7. Turn the ignition to the 2 (OFF) position.

    8. Remove the previously programmed coded key from the ignition.

    9. Within twenty seconds of removing the previously programmed coded

    key, insert the unprogrammed key (new/valet key) into the ignition.

    10. Turn the ignition from the 2 (OFF) position to the 3 (ON) position.

    Keep the ignition in the 3 (ON) position for at least one second, but no

    more than 10 seconds.

    11. Your new, unprogrammed key is now programmed.

    If the key has been successfully programmed it will start the vehicle’s

    engine and the theft indicator light will illuminate for three seconds and

    then go out.

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    If the key was not successfully programmed, it will not start your

    vehicle’s engine and the theft indicator light will flash on and off, or stay

    on for more than three seconds. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to

    your dealer to have the new key(s) programmed.

    To program additional new unprogrammed key(s), repeat this procedure

    from Step 1 for each additional key.

    PERIMETER ALARM SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)

    The perimeter anti-theft system will warn you in the event of an

    unauthorized entry to your vehicle.

    If there is any potential perimeter anti-theft problem with your vehicle,

    ensure ALL remote entry transmitters are taken to the dealership to

    aid in troubleshooting.

    Arming the system

    When armed, this system will respond if unauthorized entry is

    attempted. When unauthorized entry occurs, the system will flash the

    park/turn lamps and will sound the horn.

    The system is ready to arm whenever the key is removed from the

    ignition. Either of the following actions will prearm the alarm system:

    • Press the

    control on the remote entry transmitter.

    • Lock the doors with the key in the key cylinder.

    • Open a door and press the power door lock control to lock all the

    doors, and then close the door.

    Disarming the system

    You can disarm the system by any of the following actions:

    • Unlock the doors by pressing the

    control on your remote entry

    transmitter.

    • Unlock the doors with a key. Turn the key full travel (toward the front

    of the vehicle) to ensure the alarm disarms.

    Triggering the anti-theft system

    The armed system will be triggered if any door, liftgate/trunk or the hood

    is opened without using the key or the remote entry transmitter.

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    SEATING

    Notes:

    Reclining the seatback can cause an occupant to slide under the

    seat’s safety belt, resulting in severe personal injuries in the

    event of a collision.

    Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to reduce the risk of

    injury in a collision or sudden stop.

    Adjustable head restraints (if equipped)

    Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are

    vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit

    head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head

    restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your

    head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to

    raise and lower the head restraints.

    Push or pull the head restraint to

    raise it to the desired height. To

    lower, push the button in the collar

    around the stem.

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    Adjusting the front manual seat

    Pull the lever located under the

    front edge of the seat to move the

    seat forward or backward.

    Turn the handle to adjust the height

    of the seat.

    Lift the control to adjust the angle

    of the seatback.

    Reclining the seatback can cause an occupant to slide under the

    seat’s safety belt, resulting in severe personal injuries in the

    event of a collision.

    Heated seats (if equipped)

    The heated seats switch is located on the center console.

    To operate the heated seats:

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    • Push control to activate.

    • Push again to deactivate.

    The heating will operate when the ignition switch is in position 2.

    The indicator light on the switch is illuminated when activated. Although

    the indicator light is illuminated, the heat is regulated by a thermostat

    which causes the heat to activate within a certain range.

    The maximum temperature is reached after five or six minutes.

    Heating with the engine off will drain the battery.

    Tip/slide front seat (3–door)

    Lift the control and fold the

    seatback forward.

    The seat can be slid forward to

    allow easier entry to the rear seats.

    Slide the seat back and fold back

    the seatback until it locks with a

    distinct click. The seatback will

    return to its original position. Rock

    the seat to ensure that the catch is

    securely engaged.

    On three door models, front safety

    belts should be pulled backwards to

    allow easier entry to or exit from

    the rear seats.

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    Do not place objects behind the seat which could prevent the

    engagement of the seat lock.

    REAR SEATS

    Folding rear seat cushion forward

    Lift the seat cushion and pull it

    forward.

    When returning the seats back to their original positions, make

    sure they are fully locked and that the safety restraints are

    positioned in front of the seatback.

    Folding the rear seat back forward

    3–door/5–door and wagon

    Remove the head restraints (if

    equipped) of the rear seats and

    stow them on the floor behind the

    front seats.

    Push the unlocking control on the

    rear seatback and fold the rear

    seatback forward.

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    Sedan

    Remove the head restraints (if

    equipped) of the rear seats and

    stow them on the floor behind the

    front seats.

    Pull one or both of the unlocking

    controls in the luggage compartment

    and fold the rear seatback forward.

    Returning the seatback to the upright position

    Fold back the seatback until it locks with a distinct “click.” Do not place

    any objects behind the seat which could prevent the seat from locking.

    When returning the seats back to their original positions, make

    sure they are fully locked and that the safety restraints are

    positioned in front of the seatback. Reinstall head restraints (if

    equipped).

    Note that the center rear seat belt cannot be pulled out until the

    seatback has latched completely.

    Folding the seat cushion and seatback forward

    Fold the seat cushion forward.

    Remove the head restraint(s) (if

    equipped) of the rear seat, and fold

    the seatback forward.

    Stow the head restraint(s) in the

    plastic retainers provided in the now

    upright underside of the seat

    cushion, as shown on the decal.

    When returning the seats to their

    original positions, make sure the

    safety belts will function properly

    and are positioned in front of the

    seatback.

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    SAFETY RESTRAINTS

    Personal Safety System

    The Personal Safety System provides an improved overall level of frontal

    crash protection to front seat occupants and is designed to help further

    reduce the risk of air bag-related injuries. The system is able to analyze

    different occupant conditions and crash severity before activating the

    appropriate safety devices to help better protect a range of occupants in

    a variety of frontal crash situations.

    Your vehicle’s Personal Safety System consists of:

    • Driver and passenger dual-stage air bag supplemental restraints.

    • Front safety belts with pretensioners, energy management retractors,

    and safety belt usage sensors.

    • Driver’s seat position sensor.

    • Front crash severity sensor.

    • Front passenger sensing system

    • Restraints Control Module (RCM) with impact and safing sensors.

    • Restraint system warning light and back-up tone.

    • The electrical wiring for the air bags, crash sensor(s), safety belt

    pretensioners, front safety belt usage sensors, driver seat position

    sensor, and indicator lights.

    How does the personal safety system work?

    The Personal Safety System can adapt the deployment strategy of your

    vehicle’s safety devices according to crash severity and conditions. A

    collection of crash sensors provides information to the Restraints Control

    Module (RCM). During a crash, the RCM activates the safety belt

    pretensioners and/or either none, one, or both stages of the dual-stage

    air bag supplemental restraints based on crash severity and conditions.

    The fact that the pretensioners or air bags did not activate for both front

    seat occupants in a collision does not mean that something is wrong with

    the system. Rather, it means the Personal Safety System determined the

    accident conditions (crash severity, belt usage, etc.) were not

    appropriate to activate these safety devices. Front air bags and

    pretensioners are designed to activate only in frontal and near-frontal

    collisions, not rollovers, side-impacts, or rear-impacts unless the collision

    causes sufficient longitudinal deceleration.

    Driver and passenger dual-stage air bag supplemental restraints

    The dual-stage air bags offer the capability to tailor the level of air bag

    inflation energy. A lower, less forceful energy level is provided for more

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    common, moderate-severity impacts. A higher energy level is used for

    the most severe impacts. Refer to Air bag Supplemental Restraints

    section in this chapter.

    Front crash severity sensor

    The front crash severity sensor enhances the ability to detect the

    severity of an impact. Positioned up front, it provides valuable

    information early in the crash event on the severity of the impact. This

    allows your Personal Safety System to distinguish between different

    levels of crash severity and modify the deployment strategy of the

    dual-stage air bags and safety belt pretensioners.

    Driver’s seat position sensor

    The driver’s seat position sensor allows your Personal Safety System to

    tailor the deployment level of the driver dual-stage air bag based on seat

    position. The system is designed to help protect smaller drivers sitting

    close to the driver air bag by providing a lower air bag output level.

    Front passenger sensing system

    For air bags to do their job they must inflate with great force, and this

    force can pose a potentially deadly risk to occupants that are very close

    to the air bag when it begins to inflate. For some occupants, like infants

    in rear-facing child seats, this occurs because they are initially sitting

    very close to the air bag. For other occupants, this occurs when the

    occupant is not properly restrained by seat belts or child safety seats and

    they move forward during pre-crash braking. The most effective way to

    reduce the risk of unnecessary injuries is to make sure all occupants are

    properly restrained. Accident statistics suggest that children are much

    safer when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the

    front.

    Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. NEVER place a

    rear-facing child seat in front of an active air bag. If you must

    use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move the seat all the

    way back.

    Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back

    seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.

    The front passenger sensing system can automatically turn off the

    passenger front air bag. The system is designed to help protect small

    (child size) occupants from air bag deployments when they are

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    improperly seated or restrained in the front passenger seat contrary to

    proper child-seating or restraint usage recommendations. Even with this

    technology, parents are STRONGLY encouraged to always properly

    restrain children in the rear seat. The sensor also turns off the air bag

    when the passenger seat is empty to prevent unnecessary replacement of

    the air bag(s) after a collision.

    When the front passenger seat is occupied and the sensing system has

    turned off the passenger’s frontal air bag, the “pass air bag off” indicator

    will light and stay lit to remind you that the front passenger frontal air

    bag is off. See Front passenger sensing system in the airbags section of

    this chapter.

    Front safety belt usage sensors

    The front safety belt usage sensors detect whether or not the driver and

    front outboard passenger safety belts are fastened. This information

    allows your Personal Safety System to tailor the air bag deployment and

    safety belt pretensioner activation depending upon safety belt usage.

    Refer to Safety Belt section in this chapter.

    Front safety belt pretensioners

    The safety belt pretensioners are designed to tighten the safety belts

    firmly against the occupant’s body during a collision. This maximizes the

    effectiveness of the safety belts and helps properly position the occupant

    relative to the air bag to improve protection. The safety belt

    pretensioners can be either activated alone or, if the collision is of

    sufficient severity, together with the air bags.

    Front safety belt energy management retractors

    The front safety belt energy management retractors allow webbing to be

    pulled out of the retractor in a gradual and controlled manner in

    response to the occupant’s forward momentum. This helps reduce the

    risk of force-related injuries to the occupant’s chest by limiting the load

    on the occupant. Refer to Safety Belt section in this chapter.

    Determining if the Personal Safety System is operational

    The Personal Safety System uses a warning light in the instrument

    cluster or a back-up tone to indicate the condition of the system. Refer

    to the Warning Light section in the Instrument Cluster chapter.

    Routine maintenance of the Personal Safety System is not required.

    The Restraints Control Module (RCM) monitors its own internal circuits

    and the circuits for the air bag supplemental restraints, crash sensor(s),

    safety belt pretensioners, front safety belt buckle sensors, and the driver

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    seat position sensor. In addition, the RCM also monitors the restraints

    warning light in the instrument cluster. A difficulty with the system is

    indicated by one or more of the following.

    • The warning light will either flash or stay lit.

    • The warning light will not illuminate immediately after ignition is

    turned on.

    • A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat

    periodically until the problem and warning light are repaired.

    If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the Personal

    Safety System serviced at your dealership or by a qualified technician

    immediately. Unless serviced, the system may not function properly in

    the event of a collision.

    Safety belt precautions

    Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap

    belt snug and low across the hips.

    To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they

    can be properly restrained.

    Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the

    vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from

    injury in a collision.

    All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always

    properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag

    supplemental restraint system (SRS) is provided.

    It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or

    outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas

    are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to

    ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and

    safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a

    safety belt properly.

    In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely

    to die than a person wearing a seat belt.

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    Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt

    assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that

    are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the

    outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm. 2)

    Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside shoulder.

    3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.

    Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back

    seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.

    Combination lap and shoulder belts

    1. Insert the belt tongue into the

    proper buckle (the buckle closest to

    the direction the tongue is coming

    from) until you hear a snap and feel

    it latch. Make sure the tongue is

    securely fastened in the buckle.

    2. To unfasten, push the release

    button and remove the tongue from

    the buckle.

    Energy management feature

    • This vehicle has a seat belt system with an energy management

    feature at the front outboard seating positions to help further reduce

    the risk of injury in the event of a head-on collision.

    • This seat belt system has a retractor assembly that is designed to pay

    out webbing in a controlled manner. This feature is designed to help

    reduce the belt force acting on the occupant’s chest.

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    The front outboard and rear safety restraints in the vehicle are

    combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat

    safety belts have two types of locking modes.

    Vehicle sensitive mode

    The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free

    shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in

    response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes

    suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of

    approximately 5 mph (8 km/h) or more, the combination safety belts will

    lock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.

    Automatic locking mode

    The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.

    When to use the automatic locking mode

    In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will

    still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt. The automatic

    locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.

    This mode should be used any time a child safety seat is installed in a

    passenger front or outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children

    12 years old and under should be properly restrained in the rear seat

    whenever possible. Refer to Safety restraints for children or Safety

    seats for children later in this chapter.

    How to use the automatic locking mode

    • Buckle the combination lap and

    shoulder belt.

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    • Grasp the shoulder portion and

    pull downward until the entire

    belt is pulled out.

    • Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking

    sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking

    mode.

    How to disengage the automatic locking mode

    Ford Motor Company recommends that all passenger safety belt

    assemblies and attaching hardware should be inspected by a

    qualified technician after any collision to verify that the ⬙automatic

    locking retractor⬙ feature for child seats is still working properly. Safety

    belt assemblies should be inspected according to the procedures in the

    Workshop Manual and must be replaced if either damage or improper

    operation is noted. Failure to replace the belt and retractor assembly

    could increase the risk of injury in a collision.

    Unbuckle the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract

    completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the

    vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.

    Safety belt pretensioner

    Your vehicle is equipped with safety belt pretensioners at the driver and

    front outboard passenger seating positions.

    The safety belt pretensioner is a device which removes excess webbing

    from the safety belt system. The safety belt pretensioner uses the same

    crash sensor system as the front air bag supplemental restraint system

    (SRS). When the safety belt pretensioner deploys, webbing from the lap

    and shoulder belt is tightened. The driver and front passenger seat belt

    system (including retractors, buckles and height adjusters) must be

    replaced if the vehicle is involved in a collision that results in

    deployment of front air bags and safety belt pretensioners. Refer to the

    Safety belt maintenance section in this chapter.

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    Failure to replace the safety belt assembly under the above

    conditions could result in severe personal injuries in the event of

    a collision.

    Front safety belt height adjustment

    Adjust the height of the shoulder

    belt so the belt rests across the

    middle of your shoulder.

    To adjust the shoulder belt height,

    push the button and slide the height

    adjuster up or down. Release the

    button and pull down on the height

    adjuster to make sure it is locked in

    place.

    Three door models are equipped

    with a safety belt parking feature for

    the driver and front passenger. The

    purpose of the parking feature is to

    allow the driver or passenger to

    reach the safety belt. Fasten your

    safety belt as normal, and the belt

    will slide to the front of the steel

    bar along the bottom of the door.

    Pull the safety belt backwards to

    park for easier access or exit from

    the rear seats.

    Position the safety belt height adjusters so that the belt rests

    across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety

    belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt and

    increase the risk of injury in a collision.

    Safety belt warning light and indicator chime

    The safety belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a

    chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.

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    Conditions of operation

    If... Then...

    The driver’s safety belt is not

    buckled before the ignition

    switch is turned to the ON

    position...

    The safety belt warning light

    illuminates 1-2 minutes and the

    warning chime sounds 4-8 seconds.

    The driver’s safety belt is

    buckled while the indicator

    light is illuminated and the

    warning chime is sounding...

    The safety belt warning light and

    warning chime turn off.

    The driver’s safety belt is

    buckled before the ignition

    switch is turned to the ON

    position...

    The safety belt warning light and

    indicator chime remain off.

    BeltMinder

    The BeltMinder feature is a supplemental warning to the safety belt

    warning function. This feature provides additional reminders by

    intermittently sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warning

    lamp in the instrument cluster when the driver’s and front passenger’s

    safety belt is unbuckled.

    The BeltMinder feature uses information from the passenger occupant

    classification sensor to determine if a front seat passenger is present and

    therefore potentially in need of a warning. To avoid activating the

    BeltMinder feature for objects placed in the front passenger seat,

    warnings will only be given to large front seat occupants as determined

    by the passenger occupant classification sensor.

    Both the driver’s and passenger’s safety belt usages are monitored and

    either may activate the BeltMinder feature. The warnings are the same

    for the driver and the front passenger. If the BeltMinder warnings have

    expired (warnings for approximately 5 minutes) for one occupant (driver

    or front passenger), the other occupant can still activate the BeltMinder

    feature.

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    If... Then...

    The driver’s and front

    passenger’s safety belts are

    buckled before the ignition

    switch is turned to the ON

    position or less than 1-2

    minutes have elapsed since the

    ignition switch has been turned

    ON...

    The BeltMinder feature will not

    activate.

    The driver’s or front

    passenger’s safety belt is not

    buckled when the vehicle has

    reached at least 3 mph

    (5 km/h) and 1-2 minutes have

    elapsed since the ignition

    switch has been turned to

    ON...

    The BeltMinder feature is activated -

    the safety belt warning light

    illuminates and the warning chime

    sounds for 6 seconds every 30

    seconds, repeating for approximately

    5 minutes or until the safety belts are

    buckled.

    The driver’s or front

    passenger’s safety belt becomes

    unbuckled for approximately 1

    minute while the vehicle is

    traveling at least 3 mph

    (5 km/h) and more than 1-2

    minutes have elapsed since the

    ignition switch has been turned

    to ON...

    The BeltMinder feature is activated -

    the safety belt warning light

    illuminates and the warning chime

    sounds for 6 seconds every 30

    seconds, repeating for approximately

    5 minutes or until the safety belts are

    buckled.

    The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts:

    (All statistics based on U.S. data)

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    Reasons given... Consider...

    “Crashes are rare events” 36700 crashes occur every day. The

    more we drive, the more we are

    exposed to “rare” events, even for

    good drivers. 1 in 4 of us will be

    seriously injured in a crash during

    our lifetime.

    “I’m not going far” 3of4fatal crashes occur within 25

    miles (40 km) of home.

    “Belts are uncomfortable” We design our safety belts to enhance

    comfort. If you are uncomfortable -

    try different positions for the safety

    belt upper anchorage and seatback

    which should be as upright as

    possible; this can improve comfort.

    “I was in a hurry” Prime time for an accident.

    BeltMinder reminds us to take a few

    seconds to buckle up.

    “Safety belts don’t work” Safety belts, when used properly,

    reduce risk of death to front seat

    occupants by 45% in cars, and by

    60% in light trucks.

    “Traffic is light” Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in

    single-vehicle crashes, many when

    no other vehicles are around.

    “Belts wrinkle my clothes” Possibly, but a serious crash can do

    much more than wrinkle your clothes,

    particularly if you are unbelted.

    “The people I’m with don’t

    wear belts”

    Set the example, teen deaths occur 4

    times more often in vehicles with

    TWO or MORE people. Children and

    younger brothers/sisters imitate

    behavior they see.

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    Reasons given... Consider...

    “I have an air bag” Air bags offer greater protection when

    used with safety belts. Frontal airbags

    are not designed to inflate in rear and

    side crashes or rollovers.

    “I’d rather be thrown clear” Not a good idea. People who are

    ejected are 40 times more likely

    to DIE. Safety belts help prevent

    ejection, WE CAN’T “PICK OUR

    CRASH”.

    Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to avoid the Belt

    Minder chime. Sitting on the safety belt will increase the risk of

    injury in an accident. To disable (one-time) or deactivate the Belt

    Minder feature please follow the directions stated below.

    One time disable

    If at any time the driver/front passenger quickly buckles then unbuckles

    the BeltMinder feature for that seating position, the BeltMinder is

    disabled for the current ignition cycle. The BeltMinder feature will

    re-enable during the same ignition cycle if the occupant buckles and

    remains buckled for approximately 30 seconds. Confirmation is not given

    for the one time disable.

    Deactivating/activating the BeltMinder feature

    The driver and front passenger BeltMinder are

    deactivated/activated independently. When deactivating/activating

    one seating position, do not buckle the other position as this will

    terminate the process.

    Read steps1-4thoroughly before proceeding with the

    deactivation/activation programming procedure.

    The driver and front passenger BeltMinder features can be

    deactivated/activated by performing the following procedure:

    Before following the procedure, make sure that:

    • The parking brake is set

    • The gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission)

    • The ignition switch is in the OFF position

    • The driver and front passenger safety belts are unbuckled

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    To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate the Belt

    Minder feature while driving the vehicle.

    1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOT

    START THE ENGINE)

    2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1

    minute)

    • Step 3 must be completed within 50 seconds after the safety belt

    warning light turns off.

    3. For the seating position being disabled, buckle then unbuckle the

    safety belt 9 times, ending in the unbuckled state. (Step 3 must be

    completed within 50 seconds after the safety belt warning light turns

    off.)

    • After step 3, the restraint system warning light (airbag light) will be

    turned on for three seconds.

    4. Within 10 seconds of the light turning on, buckle then unbuckle the

    safety belt.

    • This will disable the BeltMinder feature for that seating position if it is

    currently enabled. As confirmation, the restraint system warning light

    will flash 4 times per second for 3 seconds.

    • This will enable the BeltMinder feature for that seating position if it is

    currently disabled. As confirmation, the restraint system warning light

    will flash 4 times per second for 3 seconds, followed by 3 seconds with

    the light off, then followed by the restraint system warning light

    flashing 4 times per second for 3 seconds again.

    Safety belt extension assembly

    If the safety belt is too short when fully extended, there is a 8 inch

    (20 cm) safety belt extension assembly that can be added (part number

    611C22). This assembly can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.

    Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety

    belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on

    the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too

    short for you when fully extended.

    Do not use extensions to change the fit of the shoulder belt

    across the torso.

    Safety belt maintenance

    Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work

    properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure

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    there are no nicks, tears or cuts. Replace if necessary. All safety belt

    assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle

    assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder

    belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if

    equipped), child safety seat LATCH and tether anchors, and attaching

    hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford Motor Company

    recommends that all safety belt assemblies in use in vehicles involved in

    a collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a

    qualified technician finds that the belts do not show damage and

    continue to operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety

    belt assemblies not in use during a collision should also be inspected and

    replaced if either damage or improper operation is noted.

    Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt

    assembly under the above conditions could result in severe

    personal injuries in the event of a collision.

    Refer to Interior in the Cleaning chapter.

    AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)

    The supplemental restraint system is designed to work with the safety

    belt to help protect the driver and right front passenger from certain

    upper body injuries.

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    Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or gently, and the risk of injury

    from a deploying air bag is the greatest close to the trim

    covering the air bag module.

    Important SRS precautions

    The SRS is designed to work with

    the safety belt to help protect the

    driver and right front passenger

    from certain upper body injuries. Air

    bags DO NOT inflate slowly; there is

    a risk of injury from a deploying air

    bag.

    All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always

    properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag

    supplemental restraint system (SRS) is provided.

    Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back

    seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.

    The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

    recommends a minimum distance of at least 10 inches (25 cm)

    between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.

    Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air

    bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.

    To properly position yourself away from the air bag:

    • Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the

    pedals comfortably.

    • Recline the seat slightly one or two degrees from the upright position.

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    Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing

    objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those

    objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing

    serious injury.

    Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the air bag

    supplemental restraint systems or its fuses. See your Ford or

    Lincoln Mercury dealer.

    Children and air bags

    Children must always be properly

    restrained. Accident statistics

    suggest that children are safer when

    properly restrained in the rear

    seating positions than in the front

    seating position. Failure to follow

    these instructions may increase the

    risk of injury in a collision.

    Air bags can kill or injure a

    child in a child seat.

    NEVER place a rear-facing child

    seat in front of an active air bag. If

    you must use a forward-facing

    child seat in the front seat, move

    the seat all the way back.

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    How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?

    The air bag SRS is designed to

    activate when the vehicle sustains

    longitudinal deceleration sufficient

    to cause the sensors to close an

    electrical circuit that initiates air

    bag inflation. The fact that the air

    bags did not inflate in a collision

    does not mean that something is

    wrong with the system. Rather, it

    means the forces were not of the

    type sufficient to cause activation.

    Front air bags are designed to

    inflate in frontal and near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or

    rear-impacts unless the collision causes sufficient longitudinal

    deceleration.

    The air bags inflate and deflate

    rapidly upon activation. After air bag

    deployment, it is normal to notice a

    smoke-like, powdery residue or

    smell the burnt propellant. This may

    consist of cornstarch, talcum

    powder (to lubricate the bag) or

    sodium compounds (e.g., baking

    soda) that result from the

    combustion process that inflates the

    air bag. Small amounts of sodium

    hydroxide may be present which

    may irritate the skin and eyes, but

    none of the residue is toxic.

    While the system is designed to help

    reduce serious injuries, contact with

    a deploying air bag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporary

    hearing loss. Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable

    force, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,

    facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who

    are not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time

    of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be

    properly restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while

    maintaining vehicle control.

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    Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not

    touch them after inflation.

    If the air bag has deployed, the air bag will not function

    again and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not

    replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a

    collision.

    The SRS consists of:

    • driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and

    air bags).

    • side air bags (if equipped). Refer to Side air bag system later in this

    chapter.

    • one or more impact and safing sensors.

    • a readiness light and tone.

    • diagnostic module.

    • and the electrical wiring which connects the components.

    The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the

    supplemental air bag electrical system wiring (including the impact

    sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air

    bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.

    Front passenger sensing system

    The front passenger sensing system will turn off the front passenger’s

    frontal airbag under certain conditions. For side airbag equipped

    vehicles, the front passenger sensing system will turn off the passenger

    seat side airbag if the seat is empty (unless for some reason the safety

    belt is properly buckled). The front passenger sensing system works with

    sensors that are part of the front passenger’s seat and safety belt. The

    sensors are designed to detect the presence of a properly-seated

    occupant and determine if the front passenger’s frontal airbag should be

    enabled (may inflate) or not.

    The front passenger sensing system is designed to meet the regulatory

    requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 208

    and is designed to turn off the front passenger’s frontal airbag if:

    • the front passenger seat is unoccupied, or has small/medium objects in

    the front seat,

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    • the system determines that an infant is present in a rear-facing infant

    seat that is installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions,

    • the system determines that a small child is present in a forward-facing

    child restraint that is properly installed according to the

    manufacturer’s instructions,

    • the system determines that a small child is present in a booster seat,

    • a front passenger takes his/her weight off of the seat for a period of

    time,

    Even with the front passenger sensing system, children 12 and

    under should be properly restrained in the back seat.

    When the front passenger seat is

    occupied and the sensing system

    has turned off the passenger’s

    frontal airbag, the ⬙passenger airbag

    off⬙ or ⬙pass airbag off⬙ indicator will

    light and stay lit to remind you that

    the front passenger frontal airbag is

    off. When the front passenger seat is

    not occupied (empty seat) or in the

    event that the front passenger frontal airbag is enabled (may inflate), the

    indicator light will be unlit. To confirm the indicator light is functional, it

    will momentarily illuminate when the ignition is turned to the ON

    position.

    The indicator light is located at the top of the instrument panel center

    stack area below the Hazard warning indicator and above the radio.

    The front passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the front

    passenger’s frontal airbag when a rear facing infant seat, a forward-facing

    child restraint, or a booster seat is detected. If the child restraint has

    been installed and the indicator is not lit, then turn the vehicle off,

    remove the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the restraint

    following the child restraint manufacturer’s directions.

    The front passenger sensing system is designed to enable (may inflate)

    the right front passenger’s frontal airbag anytime the system senses that

    a person of adult size is sitting properly in the front passenger seat.

    When the passenger sensing system has allowed the airbag to be

    enabled, the indicator will be unlit and stay unlit to remind you that the

    airbag is enabled (may inflate).

    If a person of adult-size is sitting in the front passenger’s seat, but the

    ⬙passenger airbag off⬙ or ⬙pass airbag off⬙ indicator is lit, it is possible the

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    person isn’t sitting properly in the seat. If this happens, turn the vehicle

    off and ask the person to place the seatback in the full upright position,

    sit upright in the seat, centered on the seat cushion, with the person’s

    legs comfortably extended. Restart the vehicle and have the person

    remain in this position for about two minutes. This will allow the system

    to detect that person and then enable the passenger’s airbag. If the

    indicator lamp remains lit even after this, the occupant should be advised

    to ride in the rear seat.

    After all occupants have adjusted their seats and put on safety belts, it’s

    very important that they continue to sit upright with their back against

    the seatback, with their feet comfortably extended on the floor while the

    vehicle is still in motion. Sitting improperly can increase the chance of

    injury in a crash event. For example, if an occupant slouches, lies down,

    turns sideways, sits forward, leans forward or sideways, or puts one or

    both feet up, the chance of injury during a crash is greatly increased.

    Sitting improperly out of position or with the seat back reclined

    too far can take off weight from the seat cushion and affect the

    decision of the passenger sensing system, resulting in serious injury or

    death in a crash. Always sit upright against your seatback, with your

    feet on the floor.

    The front passenger sensing system may detect small or medium objects

    placed on the seat cushion. For most objects that are in the front

    passenger seat, the passenger airbag will be disabled. Even though the

    passenger airbag is disabled, the ⬙pass airbag off⬙ light may or may not

    be illuminated according to the table below.

    Objects

    Pass Airbag Off

    Indicator Light

    Passenger Airbag

    Empty seat Unlit Disabled

    Small (i.e. 3 ring

    binder, small purse,

    bottled water)

    Unlit Disabled

    Medium (i.e. heavy

    briefcase, fully packed

    luggage)

    Lit Disabled

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    Objects

    Pass Airbag Off

    Indicator Light

    Passenger Airbag

    Empty seat, Small or

    medium object with

    safety belt buckled

    Lit Disabled

    In case there is a problem with the

    passenger sensing system, the

    airbag readiness light in the

    instrument cluster will stay lit. DO

    NOT attempt to repair or service the system; take your vehicle

    immediately to the dealer.

    The front passenger airbag is not designed to offer protection to

    an occupant in the center seating position (if equipped).

    An out of position front center occupant could affect the

    decision of the front passenger sensing system.

    If it is necessary to modify an advanced front airbag system to

    accommodate a person with disabilities, contact the Ford Customer

    Relationship Center at the phone number shown under Getting the

    services you needin the Customer Assistance section of this Owners

    Guide.

    Any alteration/modification to the front passenger seat may

    affect the performance of the front passenger sensing system.

    Determining if the system is operational

    The supplemental restraint system uses a warning indicator in the

    instrument cluster or a back-up tone to indicate the condition of the

    system. Refer to the Warning light section in the Instrument cluster

    chapter. Routine maintenance of the air bag is not required.

    A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:

    • The readiness light (same light

    for front and side air bag system)

    will either flash or stay lit.

    • The readiness light will not

    illuminate immediately after ignition is turned on.

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    • A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat

    periodically until the problem and/or light are repaired.

    If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the supplemental

    restraint system serviced at your dealership or by a qualified technician

    immediately. Unless serviced, the system may not function properly in

    the event of a collision.

    Side air bag system (if equipped)

    Do not place objects or mount equipment on or near the air bag

    cover on the side of the seatbacks of the front seats or in front

    seat areas that may come into contact with a deploying air bag. Failure

    to follow these instructions may increase the risk of personal injury in

    the event of a collision.

    Do not use accessory seat covers. The use of accessory seat

    covers may prevent the deployment of the side air bags and

    increase the risk of injury in an accident.

    Do not lean your head on the door. The side air bag could injure

    you as it deploys from the side of the seatback.

    Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the air bag SRS, its

    fuses or the seat cover on a seat containing an air bag. See your

    Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.

    All occupants of the vehicle should always wear their safety belts

    even when an air bag SRS is provided.

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    How does the side air bag system work?

    The side air bag system consists of

    the following:

    • An inflatable nylon bag (air bag)

    with a gas generator concealed

    behind the outboard bolster of

    the driver and front passenger

    seatbacks.

    • A special seat cover designed to

    allow air bag deployment.

    • The same warning light,

    electronic control and diagnostic

    unit as used for the front air

    bags.

    • Two crash sensors located under

    the outboard side of the front

    seats, attached to the floor.

    Side air bags, in combination with seat belts, can help reduce the risk of

    severe injuries in the event of a significant side impact collision.

    The side air bags are fitted on the outboard side of the seatbacks of the

    front seats. In certain lateral collisions, the air bag on the side affected

    by the collision will be inflated. The front passenger sensing system will

    turn off the passenger seat side air bag if the seat is empty (unless for

    some reason the safety belt is properly buckled). If the front passenger

    seat is empty, and the safety belt is not properly buckled, the front

    passenger seat side air bag will be turned off by the front passenger

    sensing system. The air bag was designed to inflate between the door

    panel and occupant to further enhance the protection provided

    occupants in side impact collisions.

    The air bag SRS is designed to activate when the vehicle sustains lateral

    deceleration sufficient to cause the sensors to close an electrical circuit

    that initiates air bag inflation.

    The fact that the air bags did not inflate in a collision does not mean that

    something is wrong with the system. Rather, it means the forces were

    not of the type sufficient to cause activation. Side air bags are designed

    to inflate in side-impact collisions, not roll-over, rear-impact, frontal or

    near-frontal collisions, unless the collision causes sufficient lateral

    deceleration.

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    Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not

    touch them after inflation.

    If the side air bag has

    deployed, the air bag will

    not function again. The side

    air bag system (including the

    seat) must be inspected and

    serviced by a qualified

    technician in accordance with

    the vehicle service manual. If

    the air bag is not replaced, the

    unrepaired area will increase the

    risk of injury in a collision.

    Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles

    For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local

    dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by

    qualified personnel.

    SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN

    See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety

    restraints for children. Also see Air bag supplemental restraint system

    (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air bags.

    Rear-facing child seats or infant carriers should never be placed

    in the front seats.

    Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back

    seat and always use appropriate child restraints.

    Accident statistics indicate that children are safer when properly

    restrained in the rear seats.

    Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in

    your vehicle.

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    Safety belts and seats can become hot in a vehicle that has been

    closed up in sunny weather, they could burn a small child. Check

    seat covers and buckles before you place a child anywhere near them.

    Important child restraint precautions

    You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.

    and Canada. If small children (generally children who are four years old

    or younger and who weigh 40 lbs[18 kg] or less) ride in your vehicle, you

    must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Many states

    require that children use approved booster seats until they are eight

    years old. Check your local and state or provincial laws for specific

    requirements regarding the safety of children in your vehicle. When

    possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of your

    vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when properly

    restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating position.

    Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the

    vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from

    injury in a collision.

    Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or

    child restraint you might use.

    Children and safety belts

    If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat. Children

    who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your child safety

    seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.

    Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that

    apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.

    If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can

    be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or

    neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child

    closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt

    fit.

    Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in

    your vehicle.

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    Child booster seats

    Children outgrow a typical convertible or toddler seat when they weigh

    40 pounds (18 kg) and are around 4 years of age. Although the

    lap/shoulder belt will provide some protection, these children are still too

    small for lap/shoulder belts to fit properly, which could increase the risk

    of serious injury.

    To improve the fit of both the lap and shoulder belt on children who

    have outgrown child safety seats, Ford Motor Company recommends use

    of a belt-positioning booster.

    Booster seats position a child so that safety belts fit better. They lift the

    child up so that the lap belt rests low across the hips and the knees

    bend comfortably. Booster seats also make the shoulder belt fit better

    and more comfortably for growing children.

    When children should use booster seats

    Children need to use booster seats from the time they outgrow the

    toddler seat until they are big enough for the vehicle seat and

    lap/shoulder belt to fit properly. Generally this is when they weigh about

    80 lbs (36 kg) (about 8 to 12 years old).

    Booster seats should be used until you can answer YES to ALL of these

    questions:

    • Can the child sit all the way back

    against the vehicle seat back with

    knees bent comfortably at the

    edge of the seat without

    slouching?

    • Does the lap belt rest low across the hips?

    • Is the shoulder belt centered on the shoulder and chest?

    • Can the child stay seated like this for the whole trip?

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    Types of booster seats

    There are two types of belt-positioning booster seats:

    • Those that are backless.

    If your backless booster seat has a

    removable shield, remove the

    shield and use the lap/shoulder

    belt. If a seating position has a

    low seat back and no head

    restraint, a backless booster seat

    may place your child’s head (top

    of ear level) above the top of the

    seat. In this case, move the

    backless booster to another

    seating position with a higher seat back and lap/shoulder belts.

    • Those with a high back.

    If, with a backless booster seat,

    you cannot find a seating position

    that adequately supports your

    child’s head, a high back booster

    seat would be a better choice.

    Both can be used in any vehicle in a seating position equipped with

    lap/shoulder belts if your child is over 40 lbs (18 kg).

    The shoulder belt should cross the chest, resting snugly on the center of

    the shoulder. The lap belt should rest low and snug across the hips,

    never up high across the stomach.

    If the booster seat slides on the vehicle seat, placing a rubberized mesh

    sold as shelf or carpet liner under the booster seat may improve this

    condition.

    The importance of shoulder belts

    Using a booster without a shoulder belt increases the risk of a child’s

    head hitting a hard surface in a collision. For this reason, you should

    never use a booster seat with a lap belt only. It is best to use a booster

    seat with lap/shoulder belts in the back seat- the safest place for children

    to ride.

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    Follow all instructions provided by the manufacturer of the

    booster seat.

    Never put the shoulder belt under a child’s arm or behind the

    back because it eliminates the protection for the upper part of

    the body and may increase the risk of injury or death in a collision.

    Never use pillows, books, or towels to boost a child. They can

    slide around and increase the likelihood of injury or death in a

    collision.

    SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN

    Child and infant or child safety seats

    Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the

    child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the

    safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the

    safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or

    collision.

    When installing a child safety seat:

    • Review and follow the information

    presented in the Air bag

    supplemental restraint system

    (SRS) section in this chapter.

    • Use the correct safety belt buckle

    for that seating position (the

    buckle closest to the direction the

    tongue is coming from).

    • Insert the belt tongue into the

    proper buckle until you hear a

    snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely fastened in the

    buckle.

    • Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety

    seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,

    to prevent accidental unbuckling.

    • Place seat back in upright position.

    • Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic

    locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating

    positions) (if equipped) section in this chapter.

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    • LATCH lower anchors are recommended for use by children up to

    48 pounds (22 kg) in a child restraint. Top tether anchors can be used

    for children up to 60 pounds (27 kg) in a child restraint, and to

    provide upper torso restraint for children up to 80 pounds (36 kg)

    using an upper torso harness and a belt-positioning booster.

    Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether

    strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position with LATCH and

    tether anchors. For more information on top tether straps and anchors,

    refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps in this chapter. For

    more information of LATCH anchors refer to Attaching safety seats with

    LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children) attachments in this

    chapter.

    Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included

    with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install

    and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden

    stop or collision.

    Rear-facing child seats or infant carriers should never be placed

    in the front seats.

    Installing child safety seats with combination lap and shoulder

    belts

    Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. NEVER place a

    rear-facing child seat in front of an active air bag. If you must

    use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move the seat all the

    way back.

    Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear

    seat whenever possible.

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    1. Position the child safety seat in a

    seat with a combination lap and

    shoulder belt.

    2. Pull down on the shoulder belt

    and then grasp the shoulder belt

    and lap belt together.

    3. While holding the shoulder and

    lap belt portions together, route the

    tongue through the child seat

    according to the child seat

    manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure

    the belt webbing is not twisted.

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    4. Insert the belt tongue into the

    proper buckle (the buckle closest to

    the direction the tongue is coming

    from) for that seating position until

    you hear a snap and feel the latch

    engage. Make sure the tongue is

    latched securely by pulling on it.

    5. To put the retractor in the

    automatic locking mode, grasp the

    shoulder portion of the belt and pull

    downward until all of the belt is

    pulled out and a click is heard.

    6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it

    is in the automatic locking mode.

    7. Pull the lap belt portion across

    the child seat toward the buckle and

    pull up on the shoulder belt while

    pushing down with your knee on the

    child seat.

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    8. Allow the safety belt to retract to

    remove any slack in the belt.

    9. Before placing the child in the

    seat, forcibly move the seat forward

    and back to make sure the seat is

    securely held in place. To check

    this, grab the seat at the belt path

    and attempt to move it side to side

    and forward. There should be no

    more than one inch of movement for

    proper installation.

    10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is

    in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt

    out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps

    two through nine.

    Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.

    Attaching child safety seats with tether straps

    Most new forward-facing child safety seats include a tether strap which

    goes over the back of the seat and hooks to an anchoring point. Tether

    straps are available as an accessory for many older safety seats. Contact

    the manufacturer of your child seat for information about ordering a

    tether strap.

    The rear seats of your vehicle are equipped with built-in tether strap

    anchors located behind the seats as described below.

    The tether anchors in your vehicle are either located under a cover

    marked with the tether anchor symbol (shown with title) or are recessed

    bars on the back side of the seatback.

    The tether strap anchors in your

    vehicle are in the following positions

    (shown from top view, left is front

    of the vehicle):

    Attach the tether strap only to the appropriate tether anchor as

    shown. The tether strap may not work properly if attached

    somewhere other than the correct tether anchor.

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    1. Position the child safety seat on the seat cushion.

    2. Route the child safety seat tether strap over the back of the seat.

    On hatchbacks, the removable luggage area cover must be removed prior

    to attaching the tether strap to the tether anchor.

    On wagons, it may be necessary to remove the cargo cover assembly

    prior to attaching the tether strap to the tether anchor. The tether must

    not go around the cargo cover retractor assembly.

    For vehicles with adjustable head restraints, route the tether strap under

    the head restraint and between the head restraint posts, otherwise route

    the tether strap over the top of the seatback.

    3. Locate the correct anchor for the selected seating position.

    • On Sedan’s the anchors are

    located on the rear back panel.

    • For 3–door/5–door and Wagon,

    the anchors are located on the

    back of the rear seat.

    4. On a sedan, open the tether

    anchor cover.

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    5. Clip the tether strap to the

    anchor as shown.

    If the tether strap is clipped

    incorrectly, the child safety

    seat may not be retained properly

    in the event of a collision.

    6. Install the child safety seat tightly

    using the LATCH anchors or safety belts. Follow the instructions in this

    chapter.

    7. Tighten the child safety seat tether strap according to the

    manufacturer’s instructions.

    If the safety seat is not anchored properly, the risk of a child

    being injured in a collision greatly increases.

    Attaching child safety seats with Lower Anchor and Tethers for

    Children (LATCH) attachments for child seat anchors

    Some child safety seats have two rigid or webbing mounted attachments

    that connect to two anchors at specific seating positions in your vehicle.

    This type of child seat eliminates the need to use seat belts to attach the

    child seat. For forward-facing child seats, the tether strap must also be

    attached to the proper tether anchor point. For information on using

    tether straps with the child safety seats, refer to Attaching safety seats

    with tether straps in this chapter.

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    LATCH anchors for child seat

    installation have been provided in

    your vehicle at the following locations:

    The anchors on both sides of the

    center of the rear seat are provided

    primarily for child seats at the

    outboard seats and are further apart

    than the pairs of lower anchors for

    child seat installation at other seats. A child seat with rigid LATCH

    attachments cannot be installed at the center rear seat. A child seat with

    LATCH attachments on belt webbing can be used at the center rear seat

    unless a child seat at an outboard rear seat is attached to one of these lower

    anchors. Install a child seat onto the lower anchors at the center rear seat

    ONLY IF the child restraint manufacturer recommends that the child seat

    can be installed to anchors that are spaced up to 450 mm apart.

    Never attach two LATCH child safety seats to the same anchor.

    In a crash, one anchor may not be strong enough to hold two

    child seat attachments and may break, causing serious injury or death.

    The LATCH anchors are located on

    the rear section of the seat cushion,

    at the bottom of the seatback.

    Follow the child seat manufacturer’s

    instructions to properly install safety

    seats with LATCH attachments.

    Attach the LATCH lower attachments of the child seat only to

    the appropriate locations shown.

    Once you have installed the LATCH safety seat, assure that the seat is

    properly attached to LATCH and tether anchors. Also, test the safety seat

    before you place the child in it. Tilt the seat from side to side. Also try to

    tug the seat forward. Check to see if the anchors hold the seat in place.

    If the safety seat in not anchored properly, the risk of a child

    being injured in a collision greatly increases.

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    STARTING

    Positions of the ignition

    1. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,

    automatic transaxle gearshift lever

    and allows key removal.

    2. OFF, shuts the engine and all

    electrical accessories off without

    locking the steering wheel.

    3. ON, all electrical circuits

    operational. Warning lights

    illuminated. Key position when driving.

    4. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine

    starts.

    Preparing to start your vehicle

    Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This

    system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard

    requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio

    noise.

    When starting a fuel-injected engine, don’t press the accelerator before

    or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have difficulty

    starting the engine. For more information on starting the vehicle, refer to

    Starting the engine in this chapter.

    Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high

    temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk

    of fire or other damage.

    Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry

    ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine

    compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.

    Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed

    areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door

    before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in

    this chapter for more instructions.

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    If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer

    inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell

    exhaust fumes.

    Important safety precautions

    When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the engine. If

    the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have the vehicle

    checked.

    Before starting the vehicle:

    1. Make sure all occupants buckle their safety belts. For more

    information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the Seating

    and Safety Restraints chapter.

    2. Make sure the headlamps and electrical accessories are off.

    If starting a vehicle with an automatic transaxle:

    • Make sure the parking brake is

    set.

    • Make sure the gearshift is in P

    (Park).

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    If starting a vehicle with a manual

    transaxle:

    1. Make sure the parking brake is

    set.

    2. Push the clutch pedal to the floor.

    • Turn the key to 3 (ON) without

    turning the key to 4 (START).

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    Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate or illuminate briefly. If a

    light fails to illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.

    • If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the

    light may not illuminate.

    Starting the engine

    1. Turn the key to 3 (ON) without

    turning the key to 4 (START).

    2. Turn the key to 4 (START), then

    release the key as soon as the

    engine starts. Excessive cranking

    could damage the starter.

    Note: If the engine does not start within five seconds on the first try,

    turn the key to OFF, wait 10 seconds and try again. If the engine still

    fails to start, press the accelerator to the floor and try again; this will

    allow the engine to crank with the fuel shut off in case the engine is

    flooded with fuel.

    Using the engine block heater (if equipped)

    An engine block heater warms the engine coolant which aids in starting

    and heater/defroster performance. Use of an engine block heater is

    strongly recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach

    -10°F (-23°C) or below. For best results, plug the heater in at least three

    hours before starting the vehicle. The heater can be plugged in the night

    before starting the vehicle.

    To reduce the risk of electrical shock, do not use your heater

    with ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)

    adapters.

    Guarding against exhaust fumes

    Carbon monoxide is present in exhaust fumes. Take precautions to avoid

    its dangerous effects.

    If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer

    inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell

    exhaust fumes.

    Important ventilating information

    If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped for a long period of

    time, open the windows at least one inch (2.5 cm) or adjust the heating

    or air conditioning to bring in fresh air.

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    BRAKES

    Occasional brake noise is normal. If a metal-to-metal, continuous grinding

    or continuous squeal sound is present, the brake linings may be worn-out

    and should be inspected by a qualified service technician. If the vehicle

    has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel while braking,

    the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service technician.

    Refer to Brake system warning

    light in the Instrument Cluster

    chapter for information on the brake

    system warning light.

    Under normal operating conditions, brake dust may accumulate on the

    wheels. Some brake dust is inevitable as brakes wear and does not

    contribute to brake noise. The use of modern friction materials with

    emphasis on improved performance and environmental considerations

    can lead to more dust than in the past. Brake dust can be cleaned by

    weekly washing with soapy water and a soft sponge. Heavier deposits can

    be removed with Motorcraft Wheel and Tire Cleaner (ZC-37–A).

    Four-wheel anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)

    Your vehicle may be equipped with an Anti-lock Braking System (ABS).

    This system helps you maintain steering control during emergency stops

    by keeping the brakes from locking. Noise from the ABS pump motor

    and brake pedal pulsation may be observed during ABS braking; any

    pulsation or mechanical noise you may feel or hear is normal.

    Using ABS

    When hard braking is required, apply continuous force on the brake

    pedal; do not pump the brake pedal since this will reduce the

    effectiveness of the ABS and will increase your vehicle’s stopping

    distance. The ABS will be activated immediately, allowing you to retain

    full steering control during hard braking and on slippery surfaces.

    However, the ABS does not decrease stopping distance.

    ABS warning lamp

    The ABS lamp in the instrument

    cluster momentarily illuminates

    when the ignition is turned on. If

    the light does not illuminate during

    start up, remains on or flashes, the

    ABS may be disabled and may need to be serviced

    ABS

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    Even when the ABS is disabled,

    normal braking is still effective. (If

    your BRAKE warning lamp

    illuminates with the parking brake

    released, have your brake system serviced immediately.)

    Parking brake

    To set the parking brake (1), pull

    the parking brake handle up as far

    as possible.

    The BRAKE warning lamp will

    illuminate and will remain

    illuminated until the parking brake

    is released.

    To release, press and hold the button (2), pull the handle up slightly,

    then push the handle down.

    Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the

    gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic

    transmission) or in 1 (First) (manual transmission).

    If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp

    remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.

    See your dealer or a qualified service technician.

    TRACTION CONTROL姟 (IF EQUIPPED)

    Your vehicle may be equipped with a Traction Control娂 system. This

    system helps you maintain the stability and steerability of your vehicle,

    especially on slippery road surfaces such as snow- or ice-covered roads

    and gravel roads. The system will allow your vehicle to make better use

    of available traction in these conditions.

    1

    2

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    During Traction Control娂 operation,

    the traction control active light will

    illuminate, you may hear an electric

    motor type of sound coming from

    the engine compartment and the

    engine will not “rev-up” when you push further on the accelerator. This

    is normal system behavior and should be no reason for concern.

    At speeds below 85 km/h (53 mph), both the engine and the brake

    system will be used to control wheel spin; at speeds above 85 km/h

    (53 mph), only engine torque reduction is used. When the Traction

    Control娂 system is switched off, the braking system will still be used to

    control wheel spin at speeds below 40 km/h (25 mph).

    The Traction Control娂 switch is

    located on the center console, by

    the gearshift lever. The Traction

    Control娂 system will automatically

    turn on every time the ignition is

    turned off and on.

    If you should become stuck in snow

    or ice or on a very slippery road surface, try switching the Traction

    Control娂 system off by pressing the switch. This may allow excess wheel

    spin to “dig” the vehicle out and enable a successful “rocking” maneuver.

    If you want to turn off the Traction Control娂 system be aware that, for

    safety reasons, the switch must be pressed and held for at least one

    second before the system is turned off. To re-engage the Traction

    Control娂 system, the button must again be held for at least one second.

    If a system fault is detected, the traction control active light will

    illuminate, the Traction Control娂 button will not turn the system on or

    off and your vehicle should be serviced.

    STEERING

    To prevent damage to the power steering system:

    • Never hold the steering wheel at its furthest turning points (until it

    stops) for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.

    • Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level

    (below the MIN mark on the reservoir).

    If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned

    off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.

    If the steering wanders or pulls, check for:

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    • an improperly inflated tire

    • uneven tire wear

    • loose or worn suspension components

    • loose or worn steering components

    • improper steering alignment

    A high crown in the road or high crosswinds may also make the steering

    seem to wander/pull.

    AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)

    Brake-shift interlock

    This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents

    the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is

    in the ON position unless the brake pedal is depressed.

    If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in

    the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:

    1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the

    key.

    When the key is in the ignition and in the OFF position, the

    automatic transmission shift lever can be moved from the P

    (Park) position without the brake pedal depressed. To avoid unwanted

    vehicle movement, always set the parking brake.

    2. Using a screwdriver (or similar

    tool), remove the protective cover

    to the interlock access hole on the

    console. Insert the key to release

    the interlock.

    3. Apply the parking brake, then shift to N (Neutral).

    4. Start the vehicle.

    If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,

    it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not

    operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside

    Emergencies chapter.

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    Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps

    are working.

    Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is

    latched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and

    remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.

    If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp

    remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.

    See your dealer or a qualified service technician.

    Understanding the gearshift positions of the 4–speed automatic

    transaxle

    This vehicle is equipped with an adaptive Transmission Shift Strategy.

    Adaptive Shift Strategy offers the optimal transmission operation and

    shift quality. When the vehicle’s battery has been disconnected for any

    type of service or repair, the transmission will need to relearn the normal

    shift strategy parameters, much like having to reset your radio stations

    when your vehicle battery has been disconnected. The Adaptive

    Transmission Strategy allows the transmission to relearn these operating

    parameters. This learning process could take several transmission

    upshifts and downshifts; during this learning process, slightly firmer

    shifts may occur. After this learning process, normal shift feel and shift

    scheduling will resume.

    P (Park)

    This position locks the transaxle and prevents the front wheels from

    turning.

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    To put your vehicle in gear:

    • Start the engine

    • Depress the brake pedal

    • Move the gearshift lever into the desired gear

    To put your vehicle in P (Park):

    • Come to a complete stop

    • Move the gearshift lever and securely latch it in P (Park)

    Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is

    latched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and

    remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.

    R (Reverse)

    With the gearshift lever in R (Reverse), the vehicle will move backward.

    Always come to a complete stop before shifting into and out of R

    (Reverse).

    N (Neutral)

    With the gearshift lever in N (Neutral), the vehicle can be started and is

    free to roll. Hold the brake pedal down while in this position.

    D (Overdrive)

    The normal driving position for the best fuel economy; transaxle operates

    in gears one through four. D (Overdrive) can be deactivated by pressing

    the transaxle control switch on the end of the gearshift lever. This will

    illuminate the O/D OFF lamp and activate Drive.

    Drive (not shown)

    Drive is activated when the transaxle control switch is pressed.

    • This position allows for all forward gears except overdrive.

    • O/D OFF lamp is illuminated.

    • Provides engine braking.

    • Use when driving conditions cause excessive shifting from O/D to

    other gears. Examples: city traffic, hilly terrain, heavy loads, trailer

    towing and when engine braking is required.

    • To return to O/D (overdrive mode), press the transaxle control switch.

    The O/D OFF lamp will not be illuminated.

    • O/D (Overdrive) is automatically returned each time the key is turned

    off.

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    2 (Second)

    This position allows for second gear only.

    • Provides engine braking.

    • Use to start-up on slippery roads.

    • To return to D (Overdrive), move the gearshift lever into the D

    (Overdrive) position.

    • Selecting 2 (Second) at higher speeds will cause the transaxle to

    downshift to second gear at the appropriate vehicle speed.

    1 (First)

    • Provides maximum engine braking.

    • Allows upshifts by moving gearshift lever.

    • Will not downshift into 1 (First) at high speeds; allows for 1 (First)

    when vehicle reaches slower speeds.

    If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow

    If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow, it may be rocked out by

    shifting between forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts in a

    steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.

    If necessary, try turning the Traction Control娂 system off. This will allow

    the wheels to spin, which may help to free your stuck vehicle. For more

    information, refer to Traction Control娂 (if equipped) in this chapter.

    Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating

    temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.

    Do not rock the vehicle for more than a minute or damage to the

    transmission and tires may occur, or the engine may overheat.

    MANUAL TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)

    Using the clutch

    The manual transaxle has a starter interlock that prevents cranking the

    engine unless the clutch pedal is fully depressed.

    1

    35

    24

    R

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    To start the vehicle:

    1. Make sure the parking brake is fully set.

    2. Press the clutch pedal to the floor, then put the gearshift lever in the

    neutral position.

    3. Start the engine, then press the brake pedal and release the parking

    brake.

    4. Move the gearshift lever to the desired gear, then slowly release the

    clutch pedal while slowly pressing on the accelerator.

    Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal or use the clutch

    pedal to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill. These

    actions will reduce the life of the clutch.

    Recommended shift speeds

    Upshift according to the following chart:

    Recommended upshifts (for best fuel economy) when

    accelerating

    5-speed manual transaxle

    Shift from:

    1 - 2 14 mph (23 km/h)

    2 - 3 25 mph (40 km/h)

    3 - 4 36 mph (58 km/h)

    4 - 5 45 mph (72 km/h)

    Reverse

    Make sure that your vehicle is at a complete stop before you shift into R

    (Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transaxle.

    • Lift the locking ring (1), then

    move the gearshift lever fully to

    the right, then back into R

    (Reverse) (2).

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    Parking your vehicle

    1. Apply the brake and shift into the neutral position.

    2. Fully apply the parking brake, then shift into 1 (First).

    3. Turn the ignition off.

    Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly

    and injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake

    fully.

    Removing the key

    Turn the ignition to position 1 (LOCK) and remove the key.

    DRIVING THROUGH WATER

    If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very

    slowly especially when the depth is not known. Never drive through

    water that is higher than the bottom of the hubs (for trucks) or the

    bottom of the wheel rims (for cars). When driving through water,

    traction or brake capability may be limited. Also, water may enter your

    engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine or your vehicle may

    stall. Driving through deep water where the transmission vent

    tube is submerged may allow water into the transmission and

    cause internal transmission damage.

    Once through the water, always dry the brakes by moving your

    vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.

    Wet brakes do not stop the vehicle as quickly as dry brakes.

    VEHICLE LOADING – WITH AND WITHOUT A TRAILER

    This section will guide you in the proper loading of your vehicle and/or

    trailer, to keep your loaded vehicle weight within its design rating

    capability, with or without a trailer. Properly loading your vehicle will

    provide maximum return of vehicle design performance. Before loading

    your vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms for determining

    your vehicle’s weight ratings, with or without a trailer, from the vehicle’s

    Safety Certification Label and Tire Label:

    Base Curb Weight – is the weight of the vehicle including a full tank of

    fuel and all standard equipment. It does not include passengers, cargo, or

    optional equipment.

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    Vehicle Curb Weight – is the weight of your new vehicle when you

    picked it up from your dealer plus any aftermarket equipment.

    Payload – is the combined weight of cargo and passengers that the

    vehicle is carrying. The maximum payload for your vehicle can be found

    on the Tire Label on the B-Pillar or the edge of the driver’s door. Look

    for “THE COMBINED WEIGHT OF OCCUPANTS AND CARGO

    SHOULD NEVER EXCEED XXX kg OR XXX lbs” for maximum

    payload. The payload listed on the tire label is the maximum payload for

    the vehicle as built by the assembly plant. If any aftermarket or dealer

    installed equipment has been installed on the vehicle, the weight of the

    equipment must be subtracted from the payload listed on the tire label

    in order to determine the new payload.

    The appropriate loading capacity of your vehicle can be limited

    either by volume capacity (how much space is available) or by

    payload capacity (how much weight the vehicle should carry). Once

    you have reached the maximum payload of your vehicle, do not add

    more cargo, even if there is space available. Overloading or improperly

    loading your vehicle can contribute to loss of vehicle control and

    vehicle rollover.

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    Cargo Weight – includes all weight added to the Base Curb Weight,

    including cargo and optional equipment. When towing, trailer tongue load

    or king pin weight is also part of cargo weight.

    GAW (Gross Axle Weight) – is the total weight placed on each axle

    (front and rear) – including vehicle curb weight and all payload.

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    GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) – is the maximum allowable

    weight that can be carried by a single axle (front or rear). These

    numbers are shown on the Safety Compliance Certification Label

    located on the driver’s door or door pillar. The total load on each

    axle must never exceed its GAWR.

    Exceeding the Safety Certification Label axle weight rating limits

    could result in substandard vehicle handling, performance,

    engine, transmission and/or structural damage, serious damage to the

    vehicle, loss of control and personal injury.

    Note: For trailer towing information refer to Trailer towing found in

    this chapter or the RV and Trailer Towing Guide provided by your

    dealership.

    GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) – is the Vehicle Curb Weight + cargo

    +passengers.

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    GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight

    Rating) – is the maximum

    allowable weight of the fully loaded

    vehicle (including all options,

    equipment, passengers and cargo).

    The GVWR is shown on the

    Safety Compliance Certification

    Label located on the driver’s

    door or door pillar. The GVW

    must never exceed the GVWR.

    Exceeding the Safety Certification Label axle weight rating limits

    could result in substandard vehicle handling, performance,

    engine, transmission and/or structural damage, serious damage to the

    vehicle, loss of control and personal injury.

    GCW (Gross Combined Weight) – is the weight of the loaded vehicle

    (GVW) plus the weight of the fully loaded trailer.

    GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) – is the maximum allowable

    weight of the vehicle and the loaded trailer – including all cargo and

    passengers – that the vehicle can handle without risking damage.

    (Important: The towing vehicle’s braking system is rated for operation at

    GVWR, not at GCWR. Separate functional brakes should be used for safe

    control of towed vehicles and for trailers where the GCW of the towing

    vehicle plus the trailer exceed the GVWR of the towing vehicle. The

    GCW must never exceed the GCWR.

    Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight – is the highest possible weight of a

    fully loaded trailer the vehicle can tow. It assumes a vehicle with only

    mandatory options, no cargo (internal or external), a tongue load of

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    10–15% (conventional trailer) or king pin weight of 15–25% (fifth wheel

    trailer), and driver only (150 lbs. [68 kg]). Consult your dealership

    (or the RV and Trailer Towing Guide provided by your dealership)

    for more detailed information.

    Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the

    certification label.

    Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities

    than the originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR

    and GAWR limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the

    originals do not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.

    Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation could result in

    serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.

    Steps for determining the correct load limit:

    1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo

    should never exceed XXX pounds” on your vehicle’s label.

    2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will

    be riding in your vehicle.

    3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX

    kilograms or XXX pounds.

    4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage

    load capacity. For example, if the “XXX” amount equals 1,400 lbs (635

    kg) and there will be five 150 lbs. (68 kg) passengers in your vehicle, the

    amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs.

    (1400–750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.). Metric conversion; 295 kg (635–340 (5

    x 68) = 295 kg).

    5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on

    the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo and

    luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.

    6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be

    transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how this

    reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle.

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    TRAILER TOWING

    Refer to the following chart to determine how much weight your vehicle

    can tow:

    Model Passengers/Luggage

    load - lbs. (kg)

    Maximum trailer

    weight - lbs. (kg)

    3–door 5/827 (375) 630 (286)

    4/677 (307) 780 (354)

    3/527 (239) 930 (422)

    2/377 (171) 1080 (490)

    1/227 (103) 1230 (558)

    4–door and 5–door 5/827 (375) 585 (265)

    4/677 (307) 735 (333)

    3/527 (239) 885 (401)

    2/377 (171) 1035 (469)

    1/227 (103) 1185 (538)

    Wagon 5/827 (375) 500 (227)

    4/677 (307) 650 (295)

    3/527 (239) 800 (363)

    2/377 (171) 950 (431)

    1/227 (103) 1100 (499)

    This chart is based on the specified vehicle at a maximum GCW

    (Vehicle Weight + Trailer Weight) equal to 4,300 lbs (1,950 kg).

    Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,

    transaxle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these components

    carefully after towing.

    Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the

    certification label.

    Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer

    weight exceeds the limit of the vehicle and could result in

    engine damage, transaxle damage, structural damage, increased risk of

    loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover and/or serious personal injury.

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    Preparing to tow

    Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer and make sure it is

    properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer

    dealer if you require assistance.

    Hitches

    Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle bumper. Use a load

    carrying hitch. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that

    10–15% of the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.

    Safety chains

    Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers

    of the vehicle hitch. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the

    chains under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.

    If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency

    gives to you.

    Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.

    Trailer brakes

    Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are

    safe if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s

    specifications. The trailer brakes must meet local and Federal

    regulations.

    Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your

    vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough

    braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.

    The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the

    GVWR not GCWR.

    Trailer lamps

    Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure all running

    lights, brake lights, turn signals and hazard lights are working. See your

    dealer or trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for

    hooking up trailer lamps.

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    Driving while you tow

    When towing a trailer:

    • Turn off the speed control. The speed control may shut off

    automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.

    • Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.

    • To eliminate excessive shifting, use a lower gear. This will also assist

    in transaxle cooling.

    • Anticipate stops and brake gradually.

    • Do not exceed the GCWR rating or transaxle damage may occur.

    Servicing after towing

    If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more

    frequent service intervals. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide

    for more information.

    Trailer towing tips

    • Practice turning, stopping and backing up before starting on a trip to

    get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make

    wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other obstacles.

    • Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.

    • If you are driving down a long or steep hill, shift to a lower gear. Do

    not apply the brakes continuously, as they may overheat and become

    less effective.

    • The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer

    weight.

    • After you have traveled 50 miles (80 km), thoroughly check your

    hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.

    • To aid in engine/transmission cooling and A/C efficiency during hot

    weather while stopped in traffic, place the gearshift lever in P (Park).

    • Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must

    park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.

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    RECREATIONAL TOWING

    Follow these guidelines for your specific powertrain combination to tow

    your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground (such as behind a

    recreational vehicle).

    These guidelines are designed to ensure that your transmission is not

    damaged due to insufficient lubrication.

    All Front Wheel Drive (FWD) vehicles:

    If your vehicle is equipped with an automatic transaxle, you cannot tow

    the vehicle with the front drive wheels on the ground. It is recommended

    to tow your vehicle with the drive wheels on a dolly or two wheel car

    hauling trailer.

    In case of a roadside emergency with a disabled vehicle (without access

    to wheel dollies, car hauling trailer or flatbed transport vehicle) your

    vehicle can be flat towed (all wheels on the ground) under the following

    conditions:

    • Place the transmission in N (Neutral).

    • Maximum speed is 35 mph (56 km/h).

    • Maximum distance is 50 miles (80 km).

    If your vehicle is equipped with a manual transaxle, and in the case of a

    roadside emergency with a disabled vehicle (without access to wheel

    dollies, car hauling trailer or flatbed transport vehicle) your vehicle can

    be flat towed (all wheels on the ground) under the following conditions:

    • Place the transmission in N (Neutral).

    • Maximum distance is unlimited.

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    GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE

    To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford Motor

    Company offers a complimentary roadside assistance program. This

    program is separate from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service

    is available:

    • 24–hours, seven days a week

    • for the New Vehicle Limited Warranty period of three years or

    36,000 miles (60,000 km), whichever occurs first on Ford and Mercury

    vehicles, and four years or 50,000 miles (80,000 km) on Lincoln

    vehicles.

    Roadside assistance will cover:

    • a flat tire change with a good spare (except Ford GT which has a tire

    inflation kit)

    • battery jump start

    • lock-out assistance (key replacement cost is the customer’s

    responsibility)

    • fuel delivery (2.0 gallons [7.5L], maximum two occurrences within 12

    month period)

    • towing of your disabled vehicle to the nearest Ford Motor Company

    dealership, or your selling dealer if within 35 miles (56.3 km) of the

    nearest Ford Motor Company dealership (one tow per disablement).

    Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents, are covered (some

    exclusions apply, such as impound towing or repossession).

    Canadian customers refer to your Owner Information Guide for

    information on:

    • coverage period

    • exact fuel amounts

    • towing of your disabled vehicle

    • emergency travel expense reimbursement

    • travel planning benefits

    USING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE

    Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your

    wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the

    Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment. In Canada, the card is

    found in the Owner Information Guide in the glove compartment.

    U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicle customers who require roadside assistance,

    call 1–800–241–3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.

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    Canadian customers who require roadside assistance, call

    1–800–665–2006.

    If you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford Motor

    Company will reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain reimbursement

    information, U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicles customers call

    1-800-241-3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.

    Canadian customers who need to obtain reimbursement information, call

    1–800–665–2006.

    ROADSIDE COVERAGE BEYOND BASIC WARRANTY

    In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance

    coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting

    your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.

    Similarly in Canada, for uninterrupted Roadside Assistance coverage, you

    may purchase extended coverage prior to your Basic Warranty’s Roadside

    Assistance expiring. For more information and enrollment, contact

    1–877–294–2582 or visit our website at www.ford.ca.

    HAZARD FLASHER CONTROL

    The hazard flasher is located

    between the center air registers

    above the radio. The hazard flashers

    will operate whether the ignition is

    off or on.

    Push in the flasher control and all

    front and rear direction signals will flash. Press the flasher control again

    to turn them off. Use it when your vehicle is disabled and is creating a

    safety hazard for other motorists.

    Note: With extended use, the flasher may run down your battery.

    FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH

    This device stops the electric fuel pump from sending fuel to the engine

    when your vehicle has had a substantial jolt.

    After an accident, if the engine cranks but does not start, this switch

    may have been activated.

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    This switch is located in the front

    passenger’s footwell, behind the kick

    panel access cover.

    To reset the switch:

    1. Turn the ignition OFF.

    2. Check the fuel system for leaks.

    3. If no leaks are apparent, reset the

    switch by pushing in on the reset

    button.

    4. Turn the ignition ON.

    5. Wait a few seconds and return the key to OFF.

    6. Make another check for leaks.

    FUSES AND RELAYS

    Fuses

    If electrical components in the

    vehicle are not working, a fuse may

    have blown. Blown fuses are

    identified by a broken wire within

    the fuse. Check the appropriate

    fuses before replacing any electrical

    components.

    Note: Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage

    rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire

    damage and could start a fire.

    15

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    Standard fuse amperage rating and color

    COLOR

    Fuse

    rating

    Mini

    fuses

    Standard

    fuses

    Maxi

    fuses

    Cartridge

    maxi

    fuses

    Fuse link

    cartridge

    2A Grey Grey ———

    3A Violet Violet ———

    4A Pink Pink ———

    5A Tan Tan ———

    7.5A Brown Brown ———

    10A Red Red ———

    15A Blue Blue ———

    20A Yellow Yellow Yellow Blue Blue

    25A Natural Natural ———

    30A Green Green Green Pink Pink

    40A ——Orange Green Green

    50A ——Red Red Red

    60A ——Blue — Yellow

    70A ——Tan — Brown

    80A ——Natural — Black

    Passenger compartment fuse panel

    The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by

    the brake pedal. Remove the CD stowage box to access the fuses.

    To remove a fuse, use the fuse puller tool provided on the power

    distribution box cover located in the engine compartment.

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    The fuses are coded as follows.

    Fuse/Relay

    Location

    Fuse Amp

    Rating

    Passenger Compartment Fuse

    Panel Description

    R17 — Starter relay

    R18 – Rear wiper intermittent relay

    R19 — Front wiper intermittent relay

    R20 — Not used

    R21 — Not used

    R22 — Decklid/Liftgate release relay

    R23 — Horn relay

    R24 — Battery saver relay

    R25 — Rear defrost/Heated mirror relay

    30 10A Parking lamps

    31 20A Radio

    32 15A Turn signal (GEM)

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    Fuse/Relay

    Location

    Fuse Amp

    Rating

    Passenger Compartment Fuse

    Panel Description

    33 20A Horn

    34 20A Stand-alone decklid relay (sedan

    only), Power sunroof

    35 7.5A Interior lamps, Power mirrors

    36 7.5A A/C switch, Instrument cluster

    37 25A Decklid/Liftgate release

    38 — Not used

    39 — Not used

    40 10A Back-up lamps (automatic

    transaxle only)

    41 7.5A Radio and cluster (accessory)

    42 15A Stop lamps

    43 15A Rear wiper, Sunroof (ignition)

    44 20A Fog lamps

    45 7.5A Recirculated air, Air conditioning

    46 7.5A Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

    47 20A Cigar lighter/Power point

    48 10A Data link connector

    49 25A Rear defroster

    50 7.5A Heated mirror, Heated backlite

    indicator

    51 7.5A Front passenger sensing system

    52 15A Heated seats

    53 10A Back-up lamps (manual transaxle

    only), Speed control

    54 25A Rear power windows

    55 25A Front power windows

    56 20A Front wipers

    57 7.5A Position and side lights

    (right-hand side)

    58 7.5A Position and side lights (left-hand

    side), License plate lamps

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    Fuse/Relay

    Location

    Fuse Amp

    Rating

    Passenger Compartment Fuse

    Panel Description

    59 7.5A Light switch (headlamps)

    60 7.5A Air bag module

    61 7.5A PATS modules, Instrument cluster

    62 7.5A Radio (Start)

    63 20A Power locks (GEM)

    Fuse 63 is located on the back of the fuse panel. See your dealer or a

    certified technician for service of this fuse.

    Power distribution box

    The power distribution box is located in the engine compartment. The

    power distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect your

    vehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.

    Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current

    fuses.

    Always replace the cover to the power distribution box before

    reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs

    If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the

    Battery section of the Maintenance and Specifications chapter.

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    To remove a fuse, use the fuse puller tool provided on the power

    distribution box cover.

    The high-current fuses are coded as follows:

    Fuse/Relay

    Location

    Fuse Amp

    Rating

    Power Distribution Box

    Description

    1 40A Main power supply (to passenger

    compartment fuse panel)

    2 30A Engine cooling fan (Secondary

    fuse)

    3 40A Heater blower motor

    4 30A Air pump motor (PZEV engine

    only)

    5 — Not used

    6 50A Engine cooling fan (Primary fuse)

    7 40A Main power supply (to passenger

    compartment fuse panel)

    8 30A Ignition switch, Starter solenoid

    9 20A Engine management

    10 1A Battery voltage sense

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    Fuse/Relay

    Location

    Fuse Amp

    Rating

    Power Distribution Box

    Description

    11 30A Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

    (pumps)

    12 15A Fuel pump

    13 — Not used

    14 — Not used

    15 10A A/C clutch solenoid

    16 10A Low beam (left-hand side)

    17 10A Low beam (right-hand side)

    18 15A Heated Exhaust Gas Oxygen

    (HEGO) sensors

    19 — Not used

    20 10A Engine module (KAP)

    21 20A ABS (valves)

    22 20A Daytime Running Lights (DRL)

    23 — Not used

    24 30A Subwoofer

    25 — Not used

    26 10A Left high beam

    27 10A Right high beam

    28 — Not used

    29 — Not used

    R1 — Ignition relay

    R2 — Air pump motor relay (PZEV

    engine only)

    R3 — Cooling fan (high-speed)

    R4 — Cooling fan (medium-speed)

    R5 — High beams relay

    R6 — Low beams relay

    R7 — Fuel pump relay

    R8 — Engine management relay

    R9 — Cooling fan relay

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    Fuse/Relay

    Location

    Fuse Amp

    Rating

    Power Distribution Box

    Description

    R10 — Cooling fan relay

    R11 — A/C clutch solenoid relay

    R12 — DRL relay

    R13 — Fog lamps relay

    R14 — Not used

    R15 — Not used

    R16 — Not used

    D1 — PCM diode

    D2 — Cooling fan diode

    D3 — A/C clutch diode

    D4 — Cooling fan diode

    CHANGING A FLAT TIRE

    If you get a flat tire while driving:

    • do not brake heavily.

    • gradually decrease the vehicle’s speed.

    • hold the steering wheel firmly.

    • slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.

    The use of tire sealants may damage your tires.

    Temporary spare tire information

    The temporary spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as such. It is smaller

    than a regular tire and is designed for emergency use only. Replace the

    temporary spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as possible.

    If you use the temporary spare tire continuously or do not follow

    these precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose control

    of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or others.

    When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:

    • use more than one temporary spare tire at a time

    • exceed 50 mph (80 km/h)

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    • load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the

    Safety Compliance Label

    • tow a trailer

    • use tire chains

    • drive through an automatic car wash, because of the vehicle’s reduced

    ground clearance

    • try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it from its wheel

    • use the wheel for any other type of vehicle

    Use of a temporary spare tire at any one wheel location can lead to

    impairment of the following:

    • handling, stability and braking performance

    • comfort and noise

    • ground clearance and parking at curbs

    • Winter driving capability

    Dissimilar spare tire/wheel information

    Failure to follow these guidelines could result in an increased

    risk of loss of vehicle control, injury or death.

    Your vehicle may be equipped with a dissimilar spare tire/wheel. A

    dissimilar spare tire/wheel is defined as a spare tire and/or wheel that is

    different in brand, size or appearance from the road tires and wheels. If

    you have a dissimilar spare tire/wheel, then it is intended for temporary

    use only. This means that if you need to use it, you should replace it as

    soon as possible with a road tire/wheel that is the same size and type as

    the road tires and wheels that were originally provided by Ford. If the

    dissimilar spare tire or wheel is damaged, it should be replaced rather

    than repaired.

    When driving with the dissimilar spare tire/wheel, do not:

    • Exceed 70 mph (113 km/h)

    • Use more than one dissimilar spare tire/wheel at a time

    • Use commercial car washing equipment

    • Use snow chains on the end of the vehicle with the dissimilar spare

    tire/wheel

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    The usage of a dissimilar spare tire/wheel can lead to impairment of the

    following:

    • Handling, stability and braking performance

    • Comfort and noise

    • Ground clearance and parking at curbs

    • Winter weather driving capability

    • Wet weather driving capability

    • All-Wheel Driving Capability (if applicable)

    • Load Leveling Adjustment (if applicable)

    When driving with the dissimilar spare tire/wheel additional caution

    should be given to:

    • Towing a trailer

    • Driving vehicles equipped with a camper body

    • Driving vehicles with a load on the cargo rack

    Drive cautiously when using a dissimilar spare tire/wheel and seek

    service as soon as possible.

    Tire change procedure

    1. Park on a level surface, activate

    hazard flashers and set the parking

    brake.

    When one of the front wheels is off the ground, the transaxle

    alone will not prevent the vehicle from moving or slipping off the

    jack, even if the vehicle is in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or R

    (Reverse) (manual transaxle).

    To help prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire,

    be sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions)

    the wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the

    vehicle) to the tire being changed.

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    If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be

    seriously injured.

    2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or R (Reverse)

    (manual transaxle), turn engine OFF, and block the diagonally opposite

    wheel.

    3. Remove the spare tire and jack by

    turning their tie-down bolts

    counterclockwise. The lug wrench is

    located in a bag next to the spare

    tire (3–door and 5–door models) or

    on top of the spare tire (sedan and

    wagon models).

    4. On 3–door models, unsnap and

    remove the access door (if

    equipped) to access the proper

    jacking points.

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    5. Loosen each wheel lug nut

    one-half turn counterclockwise but

    do not remove them until the wheel

    is raised off the ground.

    6. The vehicle jacking points are

    depicted on the yellow warning label

    on the jack shown here. Depending

    on which tire is to be changed,

    locate the jack at the half-moon

    cutout located approximately six

    inches (15 cm) from the front wheel

    opening (1) or approximately 15

    inches (38 cm) from the rear wheel

    opening (2).

    Jack at the specified locations

    to avoid damage to the vehicle.

    7. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.

    8. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem is

    facing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts until the wheel is snug against the

    hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been lowered.

    9. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.

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    10. Remove the jack and fully

    tighten the lug nuts in the order

    shown. Refer to Wheel lug nut

    torque specifications later in this

    chapter for the proper lug nut

    torque specification.

    11. Put flat tire, jack and lug wrench

    away. Make sure the jack is fastened

    so it does not rattle when you drive.

    Unblock the wheels.

    Wheel lug nut torque specifications

    Retighten the lug nuts to the specified torque at 500 miles (800 km)

    after any wheel disturbance (tire rotation, changing a flat tire, wheel

    removal, etc.).

    Bolt size Wheel lug nut torque*

    lb.ft. N•m

    M12 x 1.5 92 125

    * Torque specifications are for nut and bolt threads free of dirt and

    rust. Use only Ford recommended replacement fasteners.

    When a wheel is installed, always remove any corrosion, dirt or

    foreign materials present on the mounting surfaces of the wheel or

    the surface of the front disc brake hub and rotor that contacts the wheel.

    Installing wheels without correct metal-to-metal contact at the wheel

    mounting surfaces can cause the wheel nuts to loosen and the wheel to

    come off while the vehicle is in motion, resulting in loss of control.

    JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE

    The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,

    sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or

    vehicle damage.

    Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes and

    clothing, if contacted.

    1

    43

    2

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    Do not attempt to push-start your vehicle. Automatic

    transmissions do not have push-start capability; doing so may

    damage the catalytic converter.

    Preparing your vehicle

    When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the

    transmission must relearn its shift strategy. As a result, the transmission

    may have firm and/or soft shifts. This operation is considered normal and

    will not affect function or durability of the transmission. Over time, the

    adaptive learning process will fully update transmission operation.

    1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.

    2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could

    damage the vehicle’s electrical system.

    3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle

    making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on

    both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving

    parts.

    4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before

    you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.

    5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical

    surges. Turn all other accessories off.

    Connecting the jumper cables

    1. Connect the positive (+) jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal of

    the discharged battery.

    Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the

    assisting (boosting) battery.

    +

    +

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    2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)

    terminal of the assisting battery.

    3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the

    assisting battery.

    +

    +

    +

    +

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    4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed

    metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the

    carburetor/fuel injection system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker

    covers or the intake manifold as grounding points.

    Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)

    terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an

    explosion of the gases that surround the battery.

    +

    +

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    • 2.0L/2.3L engines

    5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of

    both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.

    Jump starting

    1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at

    moderately increased speed.

    2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.

    3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an

    additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.

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    Removing the jumper cables

    Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were

    connected.

    1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.

    Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the

    assisting (boosting) battery.

    2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the

    booster vehicle’s battery.

    +

    +

    +

    +

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    3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster

    vehicle’s battery.

    4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the

    disabled vehicle’s battery.

    After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables

    removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can

    relearn its idle conditions.

    +

    +

    +

    +

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    WRECKER TOWING

    If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing

    service or, if you are a member of a roadside assistance program, your

    roadside assistance service provider.

    It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed

    equipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not

    approved a slingbelt towing procedure.

    If your vehicle is to be towed from the rear using wheel lift equipment,

    the front wheels (drive wheels) must be placed on a dolly to prevent

    damage to the transmission.

    If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle

    damage may occur.

    Ford Motor Company produces a towing manual for all authorized tow

    truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for

    proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.

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    GETTING THE SERVICES YOU NEED

    At home

    You must take your Ford vehicle to an authorized Ford dealer for

    warranty repairs. While any Ford dealership handling your vehicle line

    will provide warranty service, we recommend you return to your selling

    dealer who wants to ensure your continued satisfaction. Please note that

    certain warranty repairs require special training and/or equipment, so not

    all dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs. This means

    that, depending on the warranty repair needed, you may have to take

    your vehicle to another dealer. A reasonable time must be allowed to

    perform a repair after taking your vehicle to the dealership. Repairs will

    be made using Ford or Motorcraft parts, or remanufactured or other

    parts that are authorized by Ford.

    If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you

    are receiving, follow these steps:

    1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your

    selling/servicing dealership.

    2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales

    Manager, Service Manager or Customer Relations Manager.

    3. If you require assistance or clarification on Ford Motor Company

    policies or procedures, please contact the Ford Customer Relationship

    Center at the number below.

    Away from home

    If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when

    your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership

    could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the

    Ford Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to

    help you.

    In the United States:

    Ford Motor Company

    Customer Relationship Center

    P.O. Box 6248

    Dearborn, MI 48121

    1-800-392-3673 (FORD)

    (TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)

    www.customersaskford.com

    In Canada:

    Customer Relationship Centre

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    Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited

    P.O. Box 2000

    Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4

    1-800-565-3673 (FORD)

    www.ford.ca

    If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle

    needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could

    provide, after following the steps described above, contact the Ford

    Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to help

    you.

    In the United States:

    Ford Motor Company

    Customer Relationship Center

    P.O. Box 6248

    Dearborn, MI 48121

    1-800-521-4140

    (TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)

    www.customersaskford.com

    In Canada:

    Lincoln Centre

    Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited

    P.O. Box 2000

    Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4

    1-800-387-9333

    www.lincolncanada.com

    In order to help you service your Lincoln vehicle, please have the

    following information available when contacting the Lincoln Centre:

    • Your telephone number (home and business)

    • The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located

    • The year and make of your vehicle

    • The date of vehicle purchase

    • The current odometer reading

    • The vehicle identification number (VIN)

    If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish

    to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.).

    In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing

    before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also

    allowed a final repair attempt in some states.

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    In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the

    Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss

    Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing

    replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This

    dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state

    created rights or other rights which are independent of the

    Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.

    IN CALIFORNIA (U.S. ONLY)

    California Civil Code Section 1793.2(d) requires that, if a manufacturer

    or its representative is unable to repair a motor vehicle to conform to the

    vehicle’s applicable express warranty after a reasonable number of

    attempts, the manufacturer shall be required to either replace the

    vehicle with one substantially identical or repurchase the vehicle and

    reimburse the buyer in an amount equal to the actual price paid or

    payable by the consumer (less a reasonable allowance for consumer

    use). The consumer has the right to choose whether to receive a refund

    or replacement vehicle.

    California Civil Code Section 1793.22(b) presumes that the manufacturer

    has had a reasonable number of attempts to conform the vehicle to its

    applicable express warranties if, within the first 18 months of ownership

    of a new vehicle or the first 18,000 miles (29,000 km), whichever occurs

    first:

    1. Two or more repair attempts are made on the same non-conformity

    likely to cause death or serious bodily injury OR

    2. Four or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity (a

    defect or condition that substantially impairs the use, value or safety of

    the vehicle) OR

    3. The vehicle is out of service for repair of nonconformities for a total of

    more than 30 calendar days (not necessarily all at one time)

    In the case of 1 or 2 above, the consumer must also notify the

    manufacturer of the need for the repair of the nonconformity at the

    following address:

    Ford Motor Company

    16800 Executive Plaza Drive

    Mail Drop 3NE-B

    Dearborn, MI 48126

    THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. ONLY)

    The Dispute Settlement Board is:

    • an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes.

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    • available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company

    vehicles.

    The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford

    Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify

    procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without

    incurring obligations per applicable state law.

    What kinds of cases does the Board review?

    Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance concerns as

    on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln Mercury light

    trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written new vehicle

    warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:

    • a non-Ford product

    • a non-Ford dealership

    • sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated

    with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as

    designed

    • a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a

    service or product concern is being reviewed

    • items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including

    maintenance and wear items)

    • alleged personal injury/property damage claims

    • cases currently in litigation

    • vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes

    (except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to

    review commercial vehicles)

    • vehicles with non-U.S. warranties

    Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty

    has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility

    is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.

    Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique

    brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin

    purchasers/lessees.

    Board membership

    The Board consists of:

    • Three consumer representatives

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    • A Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative

    Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by

    an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen

    from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for

    their business leadership qualities.

    What the Board needs

    To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the

    DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application

    form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return

    receipt requested.

    Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you

    will receive an acknowledgment indicating:

    • The file number assigned to your application.

    • The toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator.

    Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be

    asked to submit statements.

    To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:

    • Legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders

    relevant to the case.

    • The year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed

    on your vehicle ownership license.

    • The date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s).

    • The current mileage.

    • The name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle.

    • A brief description of your unresolved concern.

    • A brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor

    Company.

    • The names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the

    dealership(s).

    • A description of the action you expect to resolve your concern.

    You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not

    qualify for Board review.

    Oral presentations

    If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question

    6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation

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    before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the

    case whether or not an oral presentation is made. An oral presentation

    may be requested by the Board as well.

    Making a decision

    Board members review all available information related to each

    complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial

    decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.

    Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that

    all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board

    generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to

    consider some cases.

    After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a

    form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of

    the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but

    not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to

    them under state or federal law.

    To request a DSB Brochure/Application

    For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call the Board

    at the following address/phone number:

    Dispute Settlement Board

    P.O. Box 1424

    Waukesha, WI 53187–1424

    1–800–428–3718

    You may also contact the North American Customer Relationship Center

    at 1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952

    or by writing to the Center at the following address:

    Ford Motor Company

    Customer Relationship Center

    P.O. Box 6248

    Dearborn, Michigan 48121

    UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM

    (CANADA ONLY)

    In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and

    the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been

    unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party

    mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor

    Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).

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    The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy

    alternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a

    settlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is

    designed to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal

    proceedings.

    In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct

    hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal

    environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the

    parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve

    disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s

    award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.

    CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces. For more

    information, without charge or obligation, call your CAMVAP Provincial

    Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.

    FORD EXTENDED SERVICE PLAN

    You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by

    purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. It provides

    the following:

    • Benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you

    purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain

    maintenance and wear items).

    • Protection against covered repair costs after your Bumper-to-Bumper

    Warranty expires.

    You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln

    Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in

    various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored

    to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement

    benefits for towing and rental coverage.

    When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection

    throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of

    more than 5,000 participating Ford or Lincoln Mercury and Ford of

    Canada dealers.

    If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the

    time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Since this

    information is subject to change, please ask your dealer for complete

    details about Ford Extended Service Plan coverage options, or visit the

    Ford ESP website at www.ford-esp.com.

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    GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA

    Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the

    appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you

    of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.

    If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock

    index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or

    owner relations/customer relationship office.

    The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may

    damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause

    engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of

    Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper

    fuel.

    In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty

    importing your vehicle back into the U.S.

    If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in

    Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the

    nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:

    FORD MOTOR COMPANY

    WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS

    1555 Fairlane Drive

    Fairlane Business Park #3

    Allen Park, Michigan 48101

    U.S.A.

    Telephone: (313) 594-4857

    FAX: (313) 390-0804

    If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford

    dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct

    you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.

    If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of

    the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and

    new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market

    Operations.

    ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE

    To order the publications in this portfolio, contact Helm, Incorporated at:

    HELM, INCORPORATED

    P.O. Box 07150

    Detroit, Michigan 48207

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    Or call:

    For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356

    Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST

    Helm, Incorporated can also be reached by their website:

    www.helminc.com.

    (Items in this catalog may be purchased by credit card, check or

    money order.)

    Obtaining a French owner’s guide

    French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to

    Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box

    1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.

    REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)

    If you believe that your vehicle has

    a defect which could cause a crash

    or could cause injury or death, you

    should immediately inform the

    National Highway Traffic Safety

    Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Ford Motor Company.

    If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and

    if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a

    recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved

    in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Ford Motor

    Company.

    To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free

    at 1–800–424–9393 (or 366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write

    to:

    NHTSA

    400 Seventh Street

    U.S. Department of Transportation

    Washington, D.C. 20590

    You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from

    the Hotline.

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    WASHING THE EXTERIOR

    Wash your vehicle regularly with cool or lukewarm water and a neutral

    Ph shampoo, such as Motorcraft Detail Wash (ZC-3–A), which is available

    from your dealer.

    • Never use strong household detergents or soap, such as dish washing

    or laundry liquid. These products can discolor and spot painted

    surfaces.

    • Never wash a vehicle that is “hot to the touch” or during exposure to

    strong, direct sunlight.

    • Always use a clean sponge or car wash mitt with plenty of water for

    best results.

    • Dry the vehicle with a chamois or soft terry cloth towel in order to

    eliminate water spotting.

    • It is especially important to wash the vehicle regularly during the

    winter months, as dirt and road salt are difficult to remove and cause

    damage to the vehicle.

    • Immediately remove items such as gasoline, diesel fuel, bird droppings

    and insect deposits because they can cause damage to the vehicle’s

    paintwork and trim over time.

    • Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a

    car wash.

    • Suntan lotions and insect repellents can damage any painted

    surface; if these substances come in contact with your vehicle,

    wash off as soon as possible.

    WAXING

    Applying a polymer paint sealant to your vehicle every six months will

    assist in reducing minor scratches and paint damage.

    • Wash the vehicle first.

    • Do not use waxes that contain abrasives.

    • Do not allow paint sealant to come in contact with any non-body

    (low-gloss black) colored trim, such as grained door handles, roof

    racks, bumpers, side moldings, mirror housings or the windshield cowl

    area. The paint sealant will “gray” or stain the parts over time.

    PAINT CHIPS

    Your dealer has touch-up paint and sprays to match your vehicle’s color.

    Take your color code (printed on a sticker in the driver’s door jam) to

    your dealer to ensure you get the correct color.

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    • Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect deposits, tar

    spots, road salt and industrial fallout before repairing paint chips.

    • Always read the instructions before using the products.

    ALUMINUM WHEELS AND WHEEL COVERS

    Aluminum wheels and wheel covers are coated with a clearcoat paint

    finish. In order to maintain their shine:

    • Clean weekly with Motorcraft Wheel and Tire Cleaner (ZC-37–A),

    which is available from your dealer. Heavy dirt and brake dust

    accumulation may require agitation with a sponge. Rinse thoroughly

    with a strong stream of water.

    • Never apply any cleaning chemical to hot or warm wheel rims or

    covers.

    • Some automatic car washes may cause damage to the finish on your

    wheel rims or covers. Chemical-strength cleaners, or cleaning

    chemicals, in combination with brush agitation to remove brake dust

    and dirt, could wear away the clearcoat finish over time.

    • Do not use hydrofluoric acid-based or high caustic-based wheel

    cleaners, steel wool, fuels or strong household detergent.

    • To remove tar and grease, use Motorcraft Bug and Tar Remover

    (ZC-42), available from your dealer.

    ENGINE

    Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt

    buildup keep the engine warmer than normal.

    When washing:

    • Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The

    high-pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause

    damage.

    • Do not spray a hot engine with cold water to avoid cracking the

    engine block or other engine components.

    • Spray Motorcraft Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (ZC-20) on all parts

    that require cleaning and pressure rinse clean.

    • Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the

    running engine may cause internal damage.

    • Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning

    the engine.

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    • 2.0L and 2.3L I4 Engines

    PLASTIC (NON-PAINTED) EXTERIOR PARTS

    Use only approved products to clean plastic parts. These products are

    available from your dealer.

    • For routine cleaning, use Motorcraft Detail Wash (ZC-3–A).

    • If tar or grease spots are present, use Motorcraft Bug and Tar

    Remover (ZC-42).

    WINDOWS AND WIPER BLADES

    The windshield, rear and side windows and the wiper blades should be

    cleaned regularly. If the wipers do not wipe properly, substances on the

    vehicle’s glass or the wiper blades may be the cause. These may include

    hot wax treatments used by commercial car washes, tree sap, or other

    organic contamination. To clean these items, please follow these tips:

    • The windshield, rear windows and side windows may be cleaned with

    a non-abrasive cleaner such as Motorcraft Ultra Clear Spray Glass

    Cleaner (ZC-23), available from your dealer.

    • Do not use abrasives, as they may cause scratches.

    • Do not use fuel, kerosene, or paint thinner to clean any parts.

    • Wiper blades can be cleaned with isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol or

    windshield washer solution. Be sure to replace wiper blades when they

    appear worn or do not function properly.

    Do not use sharp objects, such as a razor blade, to clean the

    inside of the rear window or to remove decals, as it may cause

    damage to the rear window defroster’s heated grid lines.

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    INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CLUSTER LENS

    Clean the instrument panel with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.

    • Avoid cleaners or polish that increase the gloss of the upper portion of

    the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the

    driver from undesirable windshield reflection.

    Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning

    the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of

    the air bag system.

    • Be certain to wash or wipe your hands clean if you have been in

    contact with certain products such as insect repellent and suntan

    lotion in order to avoid possible damage to the interior painted

    surfaces.

    INTERIOR

    For fabric, carpets, cloth seats, safety belts and seats equipped with side

    air bags:

    • Remove dust and loose dirt with a vacuum cleaner.

    • Remove light stains and soil with Motorcraft Extra Strength

    Upholstery Cleaner (ZC-41).

    • If grease or tar is present on the material, spot-clean the area first

    with Motorcraft Spot and Stain Remover (ZC-14).

    • Never saturate the seat covers with cleaning solution.

    • Do not use household cleaning products or glass cleaners, which can

    stain and discolor the fabric and affect the flame retardant abilities of

    the seat materials.

    Do not use cleaning solvents, bleach or dye on the vehicle’s

    safety belts, as these actions may weaken the belt webbing.

    Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning

    the seat-mounted side air bag. Such products could contaminate

    the side air bag system and affect performance of the side air bag in a

    collision.

    LEATHER SEATS (IF EQUIPPED)

    Your leather seating surfaces have a clear, protective coating over the

    leather.

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    • To clean, use a soft cloth with Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl

    Cleaner (ZC-11–A). Dry the area with a soft cloth.

    • To help maintain its resiliency and color, use the Motorcraft Deluxe

    Leather Care Kit (ZC-11–D), available from your authorized dealer.

    • Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions, solvents or

    cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl and plastics, or oil/petroleum-based

    leather conditioners. These products may cause premature wearing of

    the clear, protective coating.

    Note: In some instances, color or dye transfer can occur when wet

    clothing comes in contact with leather upholstery. If this occurs, the

    leather should be cleaned immediately to avoid permanent staining.

    UNDERBODY

    Flush the complete underside of your vehicle frequently. Keep body and

    door drain holes free from packed dirt.

    FORD, LINCOLN AND MERCURY CAR CARE PRODUCTS

    Your Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer has many quality products available

    to clean your vehicle and protect its finishes. These quality products

    have been specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they

    are custom designed to complement the style and appearance of your

    vehicle. Each product is made from high quality materials that meet or

    exceed rigid specifications. For best results, use the following products

    or products of equivalent quality:

    Motorcraft Custom Clearcoat Polish (ZC–8–A)

    Motorcraft Custom Vinyl Protectant (not available in Canada) (ZC-40–A)

    Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only) (CXC-93)

    Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only) (CXC-94)

    Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not available in Canada)

    (ZC-11–A)

    Motorcraft Bug and Tar Remover (ZC-42)

    Motorcraft Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not available in Canada)

    (ZC-41)

    Motorcraft Custom Bright Metal Cleaner (ZC-15)

    Motorcraft Wheel and Tire Cleaner (ZC-37–A)

    Motorcraft Dash and Vinyl Cleaner (ZC-38–A)

    Motorcraft Car Care Kit (ZC-26)

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    Ford Premium Car Wash Concentrate (F2SZ-19523–WC)

    Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner (Canada only) (CXC-100)

    Motorcraft Spot and Stain Remover (ZC-14)

    Motorcraft Detail Wash (ZC-3–A)

    Motorcraft Tire Clean and Shine (ZC-28)

    Motorcraft Triple Clean (ZC-13)

    Motorcraft Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available in Canada)

    (ZC-23)

    Motorcraft Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (ZC-20)

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    SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS

    To help you service your vehicle:

    • We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy

    location.

    • We provide a scheduled maintenance guide which makes tracking

    routine service easy.

    If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide

    the necessary parts and service. Check your Warranty Guide/Owner

    Information Guide to find out which parts and services are covered.

    Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts

    conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to

    provide the best performance in your vehicle.

    PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE

    Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.

    • Do not work on a hot engine.

    • When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or

    long hair does not get caught in moving parts.

    • Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed

    space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.

    • Keep all open flames and other burning (cigarettes) material away

    from the battery and all fuel related parts.

    If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relean” its idle condition

    before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery in this

    section.

    Working with the engine off

    • Automatic transmission:

    1. Set the parking brake and shift to P (Park).

    2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.

    3. Block the wheels.

    • Manual transmission:

    1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1

    (First).

    2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.

    3. Block the wheels.

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    Working with the engine on

    • Automatic transmission:

    1. Set the parking brake and shift to P (Park).

    2. Block the wheels.

    • Manual transmission:

    1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in N

    (Neutral).

    2. Block the wheels.

    Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not

    remove it while the engine is running.

    OPENING THE HOOD

    1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood

    release handle located under the

    instrument panel.

    2. Go to the front of the vehicle and release the auxiliary latch that is

    located under the front of the hood.

    3. Lift the hood and support it with the strut in the yellow-colored

    retainer; ensuring it is secure.

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    IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT

    2.0L/2.3L I4 Engines

    1. Power steering fluid reservoir

    2. Engine oil filler cap

    3. Brake/Clutch fluid reservoir

    4. Power distribution box

    5. Battery

    6. Automatic transaxle fluid dipstick (if equipped)

    7. Engine oil dipstick

    8. Engine coolant reservoir

    9. Windshield washer fluid reservoir

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    WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID

    Add fluid to fill the reservoir if the

    level is low. In very cold weather, do

    not fill the reservoir completely.

    Only use a washer fluid that meets

    Ford specification WSB-M8B16–A2.

    Refer to Lubricant specifications

    in this chapter.

    State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the

    use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.

    Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used

    only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the

    vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.

    If you operate your vehicle in temperatures below 40° F (4.5°C),

    use washer fluid with antifreeze protection. Failure to use

    washer fluid with antifreeze protection in cold weather could result in

    impaired windshield vision and increase the risk of injury or accident.

    Note: Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer

    fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling system

    components.

    ENGINE OIL

    Checking the engine oil

    Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals

    for checking the engine oil.

    1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.

    2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the

    oil pan.

    3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P

    (automatic transaxle) or 1st (manual transaxle).

    4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.

    5. Locate and carefully remove the engine oil indicator (dipstick).

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    • 2.0L/2.3L engines

    6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it

    again.

    • If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks the oil level is

    acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.

    • 2.0L/2.3L I4

    • If the oil level is below the MIN/ADD mark, add enough oil to raise the

    level within the MIN-MAX/ADD-FULL range.

    • Oil levels above the MAX/FULL mark may cause engine damage. Some

    oil must be removed from the engine by a service technician.

    7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.

    Adding engine oil

    1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine

    oil in this chapter.

    2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified

    engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap

    and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.

    3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the

    MAX mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).

    4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.

    5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise

    tightly until clicks are heard, or until it is snug.

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    To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the

    engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.

    Engine oil and filter recommendations

    Look for this certification

    trademark.

    Use SAE 5W-20 engine oil.

    Only use oils “Certified For Gasoline Engines” by the American

    Petroleum Institute (API). To protect your engine’s warranty use

    Motorcraft SAE 5W-20 or an equivalent 5W-20 oil meeting Ford

    specification WSS-M2C930-A. SAE 5W-20 oil provides optimum fuel

    economy and durability performance meeting all requirements for

    your vehicle’s engine.

    Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, cleaners or other engine

    treatments. They are unnecessary and could lead to engine damage that

    is not covered by Ford warranty.

    Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule

    listed in the scheduled maintenance guide.

    Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for

    added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used

    that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up

    engine noises or knock may be experienced.

    It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or

    another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.

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    BATTERY

    Your vehicle is equipped with a

    Motorcraft maintenance-free battery

    which normally does not require

    additional water during its life of

    service.

    If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled

    after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.

    For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and

    dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to

    the battery terminals.

    If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables

    from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the

    acid with a solution of baking soda and water.

    Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause

    personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted

    substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,

    always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper

    ventilation.

    When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the

    end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,

    resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.

    Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite

    corners.

    Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric

    acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes

    when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of

    acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush

    immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt

    medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.

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    Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and

    lead compounds. Wash hands after handling.

    Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,

    some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When

    the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must

    relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and

    performance. To begin this process:

    1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.

    2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or the neutral

    position (manual transaxle), turn off all accessories and start the engine.

    3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.

    4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.

    5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.

    6. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.

    • The vehicle may need to be driven 10 miles (16 km) or more to

    relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.

    • If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle

    quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle

    trim is eventually relearned.

    When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, the

    transmission must learn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the

    transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and

    will fully update transmission operation to its optimum shift feel.

    If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,

    the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is

    reconnected.

    • Always dispose of automotive

    batteries in a responsible manner.

    Follow your local authorized

    standards for disposal. Call your

    local authorized recycling center

    to find out more about recycling

    automotive batteries.

    ENGINE COOLANT

    Checking engine coolant

    The concentration and level of engine coolant should be checked at the

    mileage intervals listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. The

    LEAD

    RETURN

    RECYCLE

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    coolant concentration should be maintained at 50/50 coolant and distilled

    water, which equates to a freeze point of -34°F (-36°C). Coolant

    concentration testing is possible with a hydrometer or antifreeze tester

    (such as the Rotunda Battery and Antifreeze Tester, 014–R1060). The

    level of coolant should be maintained at the “FULL COLD” level or

    within the “COLD FILL RANGE” in the coolant reservoir. If the level falls

    below, add coolant per the instructions in the Adding engine coolant

    section.

    Your vehicle was factory-filled with a 50/50 engine coolant and water

    concentration. If the concentration of coolant falls below 40% or above

    60%, the engine parts could become damaged or not work properly. A

    50–50 mixture of coolant and water provides the following:

    • Freeze protection down to -34°F (-36°C).

    • Boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).

    • Protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.

    • Enables calibrated gauges to work properly.

    When the engine is cold, check the

    level of the engine coolant in the

    reservoir.

    • The engine coolant should be at the “FULL COLD” level or within the

    “COLD FILL RANGE” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir

    (depending upon application).

    • Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for service interval

    schedules.

    • Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your

    vehicle in this chapter.

    If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,

    the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is

    low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding

    engine coolant in this chapter.

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    Note: Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine

    coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified

    function and vehicle location.

    Adding engine coolant

    When adding coolant, make sure it is a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant

    and distilled water. Add the mixture to the coolant reservoir, when the

    engine is cool, until the appropriate fill level is obtained.

    Do not add engine coolant when the engine is hot. Steam and

    scalding liquids released from a hot cooling system can burn you

    badly. Also, you can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.

    Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid

    container. If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could

    make it difficult to see through the windshield.

    • Add Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant

    (yellow-colored), VC-7–A (U.S., except CA and OR), VC-7–B

    (CA and OR only), meeting Ford Specification

    WSS-M97B51–A1.

    Note: Use of Motorcraft Cooling System Stop Leak Pellets, VC-6, may

    darken the color of Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant from

    yellow to golden tan.

    • Do not add/mix an orange-colored, extended life coolant such

    as Motorcraft Speciality Orange Engine Coolant, VC-2 (US) or

    CXC-209 (Canada), meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D

    with the factory-filled coolant. Mixing Motorcraft Speciality Orange

    Engine Coolant or any orange-colored extended life product with your

    factory filled coolant can result in degraded corrosion protection.

    • A large amount of water without engine coolant may be added, in case

    of emergency, to reach a vehicle service location. In this instance, the

    cooling system must be drained and refilled with a 50/50 mixture of

    engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible. Water alone

    (without engine coolant) can cause engine damage from corrosion,

    overheating or freezing.

    • Do not use alcohol, methanol, brine or any engine coolants

    mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze (coolant). Alcohol

    and other liquids can cause engine damage from overheating or

    freezing.

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    • Do not add extra inhibitors or additives to the coolant. These

    can be harmful and compromise the corrosion protection of the engine

    coolant.

    For vehicles with overflow coolant systems with a non-pressurized cap

    on the coolant recovery system, add coolant to the coolant recovery

    reservoir when the engine is cool. Add the proper mixture of coolant and

    water to the “FULL COLD” level. For all other vehicles, which have a

    coolant degas system with a pressurized cap, or if it is necessary to

    remove the coolant pressure relief cap on the radiator of a vehicle with

    an overflow system, follow these steps to add engine coolant.

    To reduce the risk of personal injury, make sure the engine is

    cool before unscrewing the coolant pressure relief cap. The

    cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out

    forcefully when the cap is loosened slightly.

    1. Before you begin, turn the engine off and let it cool.

    2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the coolant

    pressure relief cap on the coolant reservoir (a translucent plastic bottle).

    Slowly turn cap counterclockwise (left) until pressure begins to release.

    3. Step back while the pressure releases.

    4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the

    cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.

    5. Fill the coolant reservoir slowly with the proper coolant mixture (see

    above), to within the “COLD FILL RANGE” or the “FULL COLD” level on

    the reservoir. If you removed the radiator cap in an overflow system, fill

    the radiator until the coolant is visible and radiator is almost full.

    6. Replace the cap. Turn until tightly installed. (Cap must be tightly

    installed to prevent coolant loss.)

    After any coolant has been added, check the coolant concentration, refer

    to Checking engine coolant. If the concentration is not 50/50

    (protection to –34° F/–36° C), drain some coolant and adjust the

    concentration. It may take several drains and additions to obtain a 50/50

    coolant concentration.

    Whenever coolant has been added, the coolant level in the coolant

    reservoir should be checked the next few times you drive the vehicle. If

    necessary, add enough 50/50 concentration of engine coolant and

    distilled water to bring the liquid level to the proper level.

    If you have to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per

    month, have your dealer check the engine cooling system. Your cooling

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    system may have a leak. Operating an engine with a low level of coolant

    can result in engine overheating and possible engine damage.

    Recycled engine coolant

    Ford Motor Company does NOT recommend the use of recycled engine

    coolant in vehicles originally equipped with Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine

    Coolant since a Ford-approved recycling process is not yet available.

    Used engine coolant should be disposed of in an appropriate

    manner. Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling

    and disposing of automotive fluids.

    Coolant refill capacity

    To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer

    to Refill capacities in this section.

    Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant

    in this section.

    Severe climates

    If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C[–34° F]):

    • It may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration

    above 50%.

    • NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.

    • Increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will

    decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine

    coolant and may cause engine damage.

    • Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the

    coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate

    freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the

    winter months.

    If you drive in extremely hot climates:

    • It is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration

    above 40%.

    • NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.

    • Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will

    decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine

    coolant and may cause engine damage.

    • Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will

    decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine

    coolant and may cause engine damage.

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    • Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the

    coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate

    protection at the temperatures in which you drive.

    Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50

    mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system

    and engine protection.

    How fail-safe cooling works

    If the engine begins to overheat:

    • The engine coolant temperature

    gauge will move to the red (hot)

    area.

    • The “Check Engine” indicator

    light will illuminate.

    If the engine reaches a preset

    over-temperature condition, the engine will automatically switch to

    alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled cylinder acts as an air

    pump and cools the engine.

    When this occurs the vehicle will still operate. However:

    • The engine power will be limited.

    • The air conditioning system will be disabled.

    Continued operation will increase the engine temperature:

    • The engine will completely shut down.

    • Steering and braking effort will increase.

    Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take

    your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine

    damage.

    When fail-safe mode is activated

    You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the

    vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high speed

    operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is

    capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine

    damage, therefore:

    1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.

    2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.

    3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.

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    4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.

    Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is

    running or hot.

    5. Restart the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.

    Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem

    increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a

    service facility as soon as possible.

    WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS

    Important safety precautions

    Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank

    may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.

    The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is

    venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops

    before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may

    spray out and injure you or others.

    If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or

    vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause

    the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible

    personal injury.

    Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or

    mishandled.

    Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing agent.

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    Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:

    • Extinguish all smoking materials

    and any open flames before

    fueling your vehicle.

    • Always turn off the vehicle before

    fueling.

    • Automotive fuels can be harmful

    or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as gasoline is highly toxic and if

    swallowed can cause death or permanent injury. If fuel is swallowed,

    call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are immediately

    apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for hours.

    • Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind

    can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,

    excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious

    illness and permanent injury.

    • Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,

    remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and

    seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could

    lead to permanent injury.

    • Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is

    splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated

    clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or

    prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.

    • Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of

    disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,

    or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive

    individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is

    splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and

    water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse

    reaction.

    When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow

    sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while

    refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.

    Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.

    The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static

    electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an

    ungrounded fuel container.

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    Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an

    ungrounded fuel container:

    • Place approved fuel container on the ground.

    • DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle (including the

    cargo area).

    • Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while

    filling.

    • DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill

    position.

    Fuel Filler Cap

    Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/4 turn on/off

    feature.

    When fueling your vehicle:

    1. Turn the engine off.

    2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/4 of a turn until it

    stops.

    3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.

    4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the

    filler pipe.

    5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/4 of a turn until it stops.

    If theCHECK FUEL CAP indicator comes on, the fuel filler cap may not

    be properly installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap,

    align the cap properly and reinstall it.

    If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler

    cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may

    be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the

    correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.

    The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is

    venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops

    before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may

    spray out and injure you or others.

    If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or

    vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause

    the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible

    personal injury.

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    Choosing the right fuel

    Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law

    and could damage your vehicle.

    Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic

    compounds, including manganese-based additives. Studies indicate that

    these additives can cause your vehicle’s emission control system to

    deteriorate more rapidly. In Canada, premium grade fuel generally

    contains more metallic additives than regular fuel. We recommend using

    regular grade fuel. In Canada, many fuels contain metallic additives, but

    fuels free of such additives may be available; check with your local fuel

    dealer.

    Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system

    components.

    Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was

    not designed may not be covered by your warranty.

    Octane recommendations

    Your vehicle is designed to use

    “Regular” unleaded gasoline with

    pump (R+M)/2 octane rating of 87.

    We do not recommend the use of

    gasolines labeled as “Regular” that

    are sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.

    Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if

    it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel

    with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified

    service technician to prevent any engine damage.

    Fuel quality

    If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability

    problems, try a different brand of unleaded gasoline. “Premium”

    unleaded gasoline is not recommended for vehicles designed to use

    “Regular” unleaded gasoline because it may cause these problems to

    become more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a

    qualified service technician.

    It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel

    tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane

    rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.

    Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your

    fuel may not be covered by your warranty.

    87

    (R+M)/2 METHOD

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    Many of the world’s automakers approved the World-wide Fuel Charter

    that recommends gasoline specifications to provide improved

    performance and emission control system protection for your vehicle.

    Gasolines that meet the World-wide Fuel Charter should be used when

    available. Ask your fuel supplier about gasolines that meet the

    World-wide Fuel Charter.

    Cleaner air

    Ford endorses the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to

    improve air quality.

    Running out of fuel

    Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse

    affect on powertrain components.

    If you have run out of fuel:

    • You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after

    refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to

    the engine.

    • The

    indicator may come on. For more information on the “Check

    Engine” indicator, refer to the Instrument Cluster chapter.

    Fuel Filter

    For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service

    technician. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate

    intervals for changing the fuel filter.

    Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The

    customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system

    if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.

    ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY

    Measuring techniques

    Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the

    driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as

    possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fill-ups or fuel gauge readings are

    NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend

    taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1,600 km (1,000 miles)

    of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate

    measurement after 3,000 km–5,000 km (2,000 miles-3,000 miles).

    Filling the tank

    The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to

    the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill capacities

    section of this chapter.

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    The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the

    empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the

    amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates

    empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of fuel remaining in the fuel

    tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.

    The amount of usable fuel in the empty reserve varies and should

    not be relied upon to increase driving range. When refueling your

    vehicle after the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be

    able to refuel the full amount of the advertised capacity of the

    fuel tank due to the empty reserve still present in the tank.

    For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:

    • Turn the engine/ignition switch to the off position prior to refueling,

    an error in the reading will result if the engine is left running.

    • Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time

    the tank is filled.

    • Allow no more than 2 automatic click-offs when filling.

    • Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.

    • Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.

    • Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the

    same direction each time you fill up.

    • Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.

    Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.

    Calculating fuel economy

    1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading

    (in kilometers or miles).

    2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters

    or gallons).

    3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record

    the current odometer reading.

    4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer

    reading.

    5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel

    economy:

    Calculation 1: Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total

    kilometers traveled.

    Calculation 2: Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.

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    Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city

    or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel

    economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records

    during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel

    economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.

    Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits

    Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change

    a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.

    Habits

    • Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.

    • Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel

    economy.

    • Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste

    fuel.

    • Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.

    • Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.

    • Slow down gradually.

    • Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%

    less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).

    • Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.

    • Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.

    • You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if

    unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.

    Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel

    economy.

    • Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may

    reduce fuel economy.

    • Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel

    economy.

    • Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.

    Maintenance

    • Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.

    • Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel

    economy.

    • Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant specifications in

    this chapter.

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    • Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the

    recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks

    found in your vehicle scheduled maintenance guide.

    Conditions

    • Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy

    at any speed.

    • Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately

    0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).

    • Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug

    deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may

    reduce fuel economy.

    • Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.

    • Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first

    12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.

    • Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to

    driving on hilly terrain.

    • Transaxles give their best fuel economy when operated in the top

    cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.

    • Close windows for high speed driving.

    EPA window sticker

    Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your

    dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA

    window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons

    with other vehicles.

    It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window

    sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)

    expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy

    may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.

    EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM

    Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a

    catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with

    applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic

    converter and other emission control components continue to work

    properly:

    • Use only the specified fuel listed.

    • Avoid running out of fuel.

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    • Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at

    high speeds.

    • Have the items listed in your Scheduled Maintenance Guide

    performed according to the specified schedule.

    The scheduled maintenance items listed in the Scheduled Maintenance

    Guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its

    emissions system.

    If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for

    maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting

    emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine

    Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.

    Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry

    ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine

    compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.

    Illumination of the

    indicator, charging system warning light or the

    temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or loss of

    engine power, could indicate that the emission control system is not

    working properly.

    Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially

    lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.

    Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By

    law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,

    sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not

    permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent

    it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on

    the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the

    engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up

    specifications.

    Please consult your Warranty Guide for complete emission warranty

    information.

    On board diagnostics (OBD-II)

    Your vehicle is equipped with a computer that monitors the engine’s

    emission control system. This system is commonly known as the On

    Board Diagnostics System (OBD-II). This OBD-II system protects the

    environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to meet

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    government emission standards. The OBD-II system also assists the

    service technician in properly servicing your vehicle. When the Check

    engine/Service engine soon light illuminates, the OBD-II system has

    detected a malfunction. Temporary malfunctions may cause your Check

    engine/Service engine soon light to illuminate. Examples are:

    1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run

    poorly.)

    2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.

    3. The fuel cap may not have been securely tightened.

    These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank

    with good quality fuel and/or properly tightening the fuel cap. After three

    driving cycles without these or any other temporary malfunctions

    present, the Check engine/Service engine soon light should turn off. (A

    driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by mixed

    city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.

    If the Check engine/Service engine soon light remains on, have your

    vehicle serviced at the first available opportunity.

    Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing

    In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of

    the on-board diagnostics system. If your

    indicator is on, refer to the

    description in the Warning lights and chimes section of the

    Instrument Cluster chapter. Your vehicle may not pass the I/M test with

    the

    indicator on.

    If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,

    the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”

    condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a

    minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as

    described below:

    • First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.

    • Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with

    at least four idle periods.

    Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the

    engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The

    engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,

    do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.

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    CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID

    Check the fluid. Refer to the

    Scheduled Maintenance Guide for

    service maintenance schedules.

    1. Start the engine and let it run

    until it reaches normal operating

    schedules.

    2. Turn the steering wheel left and

    right several times.

    3. Turn the engine off.

    4. Check the fluid level.

    5. If the fluid is below the MIN line,

    add fluid in small amounts until it

    reaches the correct level (between

    the MIN and MAX lines).

    Use only MERCON威 ATF.

    BRAKE/CLUTCH FLUID RESERVOIR

    Brake and clutch systems are supplied from the same reservoir.

    The fluid level will drop slowly as

    the brakes wear, and will rise when

    the brake components are replaced.

    Fluid levels between the “MIN” and

    “MAX” lines are within the normal

    operating range; there is no need to

    add fluid. If the fluid levels are

    outside of the normal operating

    range the performance of your

    brake system could be

    compromised; seek service from

    your dealer immediately.

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    CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)

    The clutch master cylinder and

    brake master cylinder are part of

    the same system; both are refillable

    through the brake master cylinder

    with brake fluid. For more

    information on brake fluid

    maintenance, refer to Brake fluid in

    this chapter.

    Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes

    with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if

    irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.

    Seek medical attention immediately.

    TRANSMISSION FLUID

    Checking automatic transmission fluid

    Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for scheduled intervals for

    fluid checks and changes. Your transaxle does not consume fluid.

    However, the fluid level should be checked if the transaxle is not working

    properly, i.e., if the transaxle slips or shifts slowly or if you notice some

    sign of fluid leakage.

    Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an

    accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is warmed up

    (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been

    operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic

    during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be

    turned off for about 30 minutes to allow fluid to cool before

    checking.

    1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating

    temperature.

    2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.

    3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,

    start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear

    ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.

    4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.

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    5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If

    necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment

    in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.

    6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.

    7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in

    the designated areas for normal operating temperature.

    Low fluid level

    Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid

    level is at the bottom of the dipstick

    and the outside temperatures are

    above 10°C (50°F).

    Correct fluid level

    The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating

    temperatures 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal

    operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km

    (20 miles) of driving.

    The transmission fluid should be in

    this range if at normal operating

    temperature (66°C-77°C

    [150°F-170°F]).

    High fluid level

    Fluid levels above the safe range

    may result in transaxle failure. An

    overfill condition of transmission

    fluid may cause shift and/or

    engagement concerns and/or

    possible damage.

    High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.

    Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels

    Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of

    fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the

    Lubricant specifications section in this chapter.

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    Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause

    internal transaxle component damage.

    If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler

    tube until the level is correct.

    If an overfill occurs, excess fluid

    should be removed by a qualified

    technician.

    An overfill condition of

    transmission fluid may cause

    shift and/or engagement

    concerns and/or possible

    damage.

    Do not use supplemental transmission fluid additives, treatments or

    cleaning agents. The use of these materials may affect transmission

    operation and result in damage to internal transmission components.

    Checking and adding manual transmission fluid (if equipped)

    1. Clean the filler plug.

    2. Remove the filler plug and

    inspect the fluid level.

    3. Fluid level should be at the

    bottom of the opening.

    4. Add enough fluid through the

    filler opening so that the fluid level

    is at the bottom of the opening.

    5. Install and tighten the fill plug

    securely.

    Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant

    specifications in this chapter.

    INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING

    New vehicles are fitted with tires

    that have a rating on them called

    Tire Quality Grades. The Quality

    grades can be found where

    applicable on the tire sidewall

    between tread shoulder and

    maximum section width. For

    example:

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    • Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A

    These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United

    States Department of Transportation has set.

    Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger

    cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,

    space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim

    diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in

    Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).

    U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.

    Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following

    information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.

    Treadwear

    The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of

    the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified

    government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one

    and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire

    graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual

    conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the

    norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and

    differences in road characteristics and climate.

    Traction AA A B C

    The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. The

    grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured

    under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of

    asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction

    performance.

    The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on

    straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include

    acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.

    Temperature A B C

    The temperature grades are A (the highest), B and C, representing the

    tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat

    when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory

    test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire

    to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to

    sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance

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    which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle

    Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of

    performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by

    law.

    The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that

    is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,

    underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in

    combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.

    TIRES

    Tires are designed to give many thousands of miles of service, but they

    must be maintained in order to get the maximum benefit from them.

    Glossary of tire terminology

    • Tire label: A label showing the OE (Original Equipment) tire sizes,

    recommended inflation pressure and the maximum weight the vehicle

    can carry.

    • Tire Identification Number (TIN): A number on the sidewall of

    each tire providing information about the tire brand and

    manufacturing plant, tire size and date of manufacture.

    • Inflation pressure: A measure of the amount of air in a tire.

    • Standard load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a

    maximum load at 35 psi [37 psi (2.5 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasing

    the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the tire’s

    load carrying capability.

    • Extra load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a

    heavier maximum load at 41 psi [43 psi (2.9 bar) for Metric tires].

    Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase

    the tire’s load carrying capability.

    • kPa: Kilopascal, a metric unit of air pressure.

    • PSI: Pounds per square inch, a standard unit of air pressure.

    • B-pillar: The structural member at the side of the vehicle behind the

    front door.

    • Bead area of the tire: Area of the tire next to the rim.

    • Sidewall of the tire: Area between the bead area and the tread.

    • Tread area of the tire: Area of the perimeter of the tire that

    contacts the road when mounted on the vehicle.

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    • Rim: The metal support (wheel) for a tire or a tire and tube assembly

    upon which the tire beads are seated.

    INFORMATION CONTAINED ON THE TIRE SIDEWALL

    Federal law requires tire manufacturer’s to place standardized

    information on the sidewall of all tires. This information identifies and

    describes the fundamental characteristics of the tire and also provides a

    U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number for safety standard certification and

    in case of a recall.

    Information on “P” type tires

    P215/65R15 95H is an example of a

    tire size, load index and speed

    rating. The definitions of these

    items are listed below. (Note that

    the tire size, load index and speed

    rating for your vehicle may be

    different from this example.)

    1. P: Indicates a tire, designated by

    the Tire and Rim Association

    (T&RA), that may be used for

    service on cars, SUVs, minivans and

    light trucks.

    Note: If your tire size does not

    begin with a letter this may mean it

    is designated by either ETRTO

    (European Tire and Rim Technical Organization) or JATMA (Japan Tire

    Manufacturing Association).

    2. 215: Indicates the nominal width of the tire in millimeters from

    sidewall edge to sidewall edge. In general, the larger the number, the

    wider the tire.

    3. 65: Indicates the aspect ratio which gives the tire’s ratio of height to

    width.

    4. R: Indicates a “radial” type tire.

    5. 15: Indicates the wheel or rim diameter in inches. If you change your

    wheel size, you will have to purchase new tires to match the new wheel

    diameter.

    6. 95: Indicates the tire’s load index. It is an index that relates to how

    much weight a tire can carry. You may find this information in your

    owner’s guide. If not, contact a local tire dealer.

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    Note: You may not find this information on all tires because it is not

    required by federal law.

    7. H: Indicates the tire’s speed rating. The speed rating denotes the

    speed at which a tire is designed to be driven for extended periods of

    time under a standard condition of load and inflation pressure. The tires

    on your vehicle may operate at different conditions for load and inflation

    pressure. These speed ratings may need to be adjusted for the difference

    in conditions. The ratings range from 99 mph (159 km/h) to 186 mph

    (299 km/h). These ratings are listed in the following chart.

    Note: You may not find this information on all tires because it is not

    required by federal law.

    Letter rating Speed rating - mph (km/h)

    Q 99 mph (159 km/h)

    R 106 mph (171 km/h)

    S 112 mph (180 km/h)

    T 118 mph (190 km/h)

    U 124 mph (200 km/h)

    H 130 mph (210 km/h)

    V 149 mph (240 km/h)

    W 168 mph (270 km/h)

    Y 186 mph (299 km/h)

    Note: For tires with a maximum speed capability over 149 mph

    (240 km/h), tire manufacturers sometimes use the letters ZR. For

    those with a maximum speed capability over 186 mph (299 km/h), tire

    manufacturers always use the letters ZR.

    8. U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number (TIN): This begins with the

    letters “DOT” and indicates that the tire meets all federal standards. The

    next two numbers or letters are the plant code for where it was

    manufactured, the next two are the tire size code and the last four

    numbers represent the week and year the tire was built. For example,

    the numbers 317 mean the 31st week of 1997. After 2000 the numbers

    go to four digits. For example, 2501 means the 25th week of 2001. The

    numbers in between are identification codes used for traceability. This

    information is used to contact customers if a tire defect requires a recall.

    9. M+S or M/S: Mud and Snow. or

    AT: All Terrain. or

    AS: All Season.

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    10. Tire Ply Composition and Material Used: Indicates the number of

    plies or the number of layers of rubber-coated fabric in the tire tread and

    sidewall. Tire manufacturers also must indicate the ply materials in the

    tire and the sidewall, which include steel, nylon, polyester, and others.

    11. Maximum Load: Indicates the maximum load in kilograms and

    pounds that can be carried by the tire. Refer to the tire label or the

    safety certification label, which is located on the B-Pillar or the edge of

    the driver’s door, for the correct tire pressure for your vehicle

    12. Treadwear, Traction and Temperature Grades

    • Treadwear: The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the

    wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a

    specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150

    would wear one and one-half (1

    1

    2

    ) times as well on the government

    course as a tire graded 100.

    • Traction: The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B,

    and C. The grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement

    as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test

    surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor

    traction performance.

    • Temperature: The temperature grades are A (the highest), B and C,

    representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its

    ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a

    specified indoor laboratory test wheel.

    13. Maximum Permissible Inflation Pressure: Tire manufacturer’s

    maximum permissible pressure and/or the pressure at which the

    maximum load can be carried by the tire. This pressure is normally

    higher than the manufacturer’s recommended cold inflation pressure

    which can be found on either the tire label or certification label which is

    located on the B-Pillar or the edge of the driver’s door. The cold inflation

    pressure should never be set lower than the recommended pressure on

    the vehicle label.

    The tire suppliers may have additional markings, notes or warnings such

    as standard load, radial tubeless, etc.

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    Additional information contained on the tire sidewall for “LT” type

    tires

    “LT” type tires have some additional

    information beyond those of “P”

    type tires; these differences are

    described below:

    1. LT: Indicates a tire, designated by

    the Tire and Rim Association

    (T&RA), that is intended for service

    on light trucks.

    2. Load Range/Load Inflation

    Limits: Indicates the tire’s

    load-carrying capabilities and its

    inflation limits.

    3. Maximum Load Dual lbs. (kg)

    at psi (kPa) cold: Indicates the

    maximum load and tire pressure

    when the tire is used as a dual;

    defined as four tires on the rear axle (a total of six or more tires on the

    vehicle).

    4. Maximum Load Single lbs. (kg) at psi (kPa) cold: Indicates the

    maximum load and tire pressure when the tire is used as a single;

    defined as two tires (total) on the rear axle.

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    Information on “T” type tires

    T145/80D16 is an example of a tire

    size.

    Note: The temporary tire size for

    your vehicle may be different from

    this example.

    1. T:

    Indicates a type of tire,

    designated by the Tire and Rim

    Association (T&RA), that is intended

    for temporary service on cars, SUVs,

    minivans and light trucks.

    2. 145: Indicates the nominal width

    of the tire in millimeters from

    sidewall edge to sidewall edge. In

    general, the larger the number, the

    wider the tire.

    3. 80: Indicates the aspect ratio

    which gives the tire’s ratio of height

    to width. Numbers of 70 or lower indicate a short sidewall.

    4. D: Indicates a “diagonal” type tire.

    R: Indicates a “radial” type tire.

    5. 16:

    Indicates the wheel or rim diameter in inches. If you change your

    wheel size, you will have to purchase new tires to match the new wheel

    diameter.

    Location of the tire label

    You will find a tire label containing tire inflation pressure by tire size and

    other important information located on the B-Pillar or the edge of the

    driver’s door.

    TIRE CARE

    Improper or inadequate vehicle maintenance can also cause tires to wear

    abnormally. Here are some of the important maintenance items:

    Inflating your tires

    Use a tire gauge to check the tire inflation pressure, including the spare,

    at least monthly and before long trips. You are strongly urged to buy a

    reliable tire pressure gauge, as automatic service station gauges may be

    inaccurate. Ford recommends the use of a digital or dial type tire

    pressure gauge rather than a stick type tire pressure gauge.

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    Use the recommended cold inflation pressure for optimum tire

    performance and wear. Under-inflation or over-inflation may cause

    uneven treadwear patterns.

    Under-inflation is the most common cause of tire failures and

    may result in severe tire cracking, tread separation or ⬙blowout⬙,

    with unexpected loss of vehicle control and increased risk of injury.

    Under-inflation increases sidewall flexing and rolling resistance,

    resulting in heat buildup and internal damage to the tire. It also may

    result in unnecessary tire stress, irregular wear, loss of vehicle control

    and accidents. A tire can lose up to half of its air pressure and not

    appear to be flat!

    Always inflate your tires to the Ford recommended inflation pressure

    even if it is less than the maximum inflation pressure information found

    on the tire. The Ford recommended tire inflation pressure is found on

    the tire label or certification label which is located on the B-Pillar or the

    edge of the driver’s door. Failure to follow the tire pressure

    recommendations can cause uneven treadwear patterns and adversely

    affect the way your vehicle handles.

    Maximum Permissible Inflation Pressure: Tire manufactures

    maximum permissible pressure and/or the pressure at which the

    maximum load can be carried by the tire. This pressure is normally

    higher than the manufacturer’s recommended cold inflation pressure

    which can be found on either the tire label or certification label which is

    located on the B-Pillar or the edge of the driver’s door. The cold inflation

    pressure should never be set lower than the recommended pressure on

    the vehicle label.

    When weather temperature changes occur, tire inflation pressures also

    change. A 10° F(6° C) temperature drop can cause a corresponding

    drop of 1 psi (7 kPa) in inflation pressure. Check your tire pressures

    frequently and adjust them to the proper pressure which can be found

    on the tire label or certification label.

    If you are checking tire pressure when the tire is hot, (i.e. driven more

    than 1 mile [1.6 km]), never “bleed” or reduce air pressure. The tires are

    hot from driving and it is normal for pressures to increase above

    recommended cold pressures. A hot tire at or below recommended cold

    inflation pressure could be significantly under-inflated.

    To check the pressure in your tire(s):

    1. Make sure the tires are cool, meaning they are not hot from driving

    even a mile.

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    Note: If you have to drive a distance to get air for your tire(s), check

    and record the tire pressure first and add the appropriate air pressure

    when you get to the pump. It is normal for tires to heat up and the air

    pressure inside to go up as you drive. Never “bleed” or reduce air

    pressure when tires are hot.

    2. Remove the cap from the valve on one tire, then firmly press the tire

    gauge onto the valve and measure the pressure.

    3. Add enough air to reach the recommended air pressure

    Note: If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the metal stem in

    the center of the valve. Then recheck the pressure with your tire gauge.

    4. Replace the valve cap.

    5. Repeat this procedure for each tire, including the spare.

    Note: Some spare tires require higher inflation pressure than the other

    tires. Check the tire label on the B pillar or the edge of the driver’s door

    for the recommended spare tire pressure.

    6.

    Visually inspect the tires to make sure there are no nails or other objects

    embedded that could poke a hole in the tire and cause an air leak.

    7. Check the sidewalls to make sure there are no gouges, cuts or bulges.

    Tire and wheel alignment

    A bad jolt from hitting a curb or pothole can cause the front end of your

    vehicle to become misaligned or cause damage to your tires. If your

    vehicle seems to pull to one side when you’re driving, the wheels may be

    out of alignment. Have a qualified technician at a Ford or

    Lincoln/Mercury dealer check the wheel alignment periodically.

    Wheel misalignment in the front or the rear can cause uneven and rapid

    treadwear of your tires and should be corrected by a qualified technician

    at a Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealer. Front wheel drive (FWD) vehicles

    and those with an independent rear suspension require alignment of all

    four wheels.

    The tires should also be balanced periodically. An unbalanced tire and

    wheel assembly may result in irregular tire wear.

    Tire rotation

    Rotating your tires at the recommended interval (as indicated in the

    Scheduled Maintenance Guide that comes with your vehicle) will help

    your tires wear more evenly, providing better tire performance and

    longer tire life. Unless otherwise specified, rotate the tires approximately

    every 5,000 miles (8,000 km).

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    • Front Wheel Drive (FWD)

    vehicles (front tires at top of

    diagram)

    • Rear Wheel Drive (RWD)

    vehicles/Four Wheel Drive (4WD)

    vehicles (front tires at top of

    diagram)

    Sometimes irregular tire wear can be corrected by rotating the tires.

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    Note: If your tires show uneven wear ask a qualified technician at a

    Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealership to check for and correct any wheel

    misalignment, tire imbalance or mechanical problem involved before tire

    rotation.

    Note: Your vehicle may be equipped with a dissimilar spare tire/wheel. A

    dissimilar spare tire/wheel is defined as a spare tire and/or wheel that is

    different in brand, size or appearance from the road tires and wheels. If

    you have a dissimilar spare tire/wheel it is intended for temporary use

    only and should not be used in a tire rotation.

    Note: After having your tires rotated, inflation pressure must be checked

    and adjusted to the vehicle requirements.

    Tire wear

    Measure and inspect the tire tread on all your tires periodically.

    Advanced and unusual tire wear can reduce the ability of tread to grip

    the road in adverse (wet, snowy, etc.) conditions. Visually check your

    tires for uneven wear, looking for high and low areas or unusually

    smooth areas. Also check for signs of tire damage.

    When the tread is worn down to

    1/16th of an inch (2 mm), tires must

    be replaced to prevent your vehicle

    from skidding and hydroplaning.

    Built-in treadwear indicators, or

    “wear bars”, which look like narrow

    strips of smooth rubber across the

    tread will appear on the tire when

    the tread is worn down to 1/16th of an inch (2 mm). When you see these

    “wear bars”, the tire is worn out and should be replaced.

    Inspect your tires frequently for any of the following conditions and

    replace them if one or more of the following conditions exist:

    • Fabric showing through the tire rubber

    • Bulges in the tread or sidewalls

    • Cracks or cuts on the sidewalls

    • Cracks in the tread groove

    • Impact damage resulting from use

    • Separation in the tread

    • Separation in the sidewall

    • Severe abrasion on the sidewall

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    If your vehicle has a leak in the exhaust system, a road tire or the spare

    tire may be exposed to hot exhaust temperatures requiring the tire to be

    replaced.

    Tire Replacement Requirements

    Your vehicle is equipped with tires designed to provide safe ride and

    handling capability.

    Only use replacement tires and wheels that are the same size

    and type (such as P-metric versus LT-metric or all-season versus

    all-terrain) as those originally provided by Ford. Use of any tire or

    wheel not recommended by Ford can affect the safety and

    performance of your vehicle, which could result in an increased risk of

    loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover, personal injury and death.

    Additionally the use of non-recommended tires and wheels could cause

    steering, suspension, axle or transfer case/power transfer unit failure. If

    you have questions regarding tire replacement, see an authorized Ford

    or Lincoln/Mercury dealer.

    Make sure all tires and wheels on the vehicle are of the same size, type,

    tread design, brand, load-carrying capacity and speed rating because it

    can affect the safety and performance of your vehicle, which could result

    in an increased risk of loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover, personal

    injury and death.

    You should replace the spare tire when you replace the other road tires

    due to the aging of the spare tire.

    Safety practices

    Driving habits have a great deal to do with your tire mileage and safety.

    • Observe posted speed limits

    • Avoid fast starts, stops and turns

    • Avoid potholes and objects on the road

    • Do not run over curbs or hit the tire against a curb when parking

    If your vehicle is stuck in snow, mud, sand, etc., do not rapidly spin the

    tires; spinning the tires can tear the tire and cause an explosion. A tire

    can explode in as little as three to five seconds.

    Tire explosions can cause death, personal injury or property

    damage. Do not allow anyone to stand near, directly ahead or

    behind the spinning tire.

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    Never spin the tires in excess of the 35 mph (55 km/h) point

    indicated on the speedometer.

    Highway hazards

    No matter how carefully you drive there’s always the possibility that you

    may eventually have a flat tire on the highway. Drive slowly to the

    closest safe area out of traffic. This may further damage the flat tire, but

    your safety is more important.

    If you feel a sudden vibration or ride disturbance while driving, or you

    suspect your tire or vehicle has been damaged, immediately reduce your

    speed. Drive with caution until you can safely pull off the road. Stop and

    inspect the tires for damage. If a tire is under-inflated or damaged,

    deflate it, remove wheel and replace it with your spare tire and wheel. If

    you cannot detect a cause, have the vehicle towed to the nearest repair

    facility or tire dealer to have the vehicle inspected.

    SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS

    Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you

    currently have on your vehicle.

    The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in

    rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow

    tires and chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended that steel

    wheels (of the same size and specifications) be used, as chains may chip

    aluminum wheels.

    Vehicles with Traction Control (if equipped) may exhibit some unusual

    driving characteristics, when using snow chains, which can be avoided by

    switching Traction Control off.

    Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:

    A snow tire as original equipment is not offered. Please contact

    your dealer to fit an appropriate sized snow tire (P185/60R15).

    Snow chains should never be used on the spare tire.

    • Use only cable type chains for snow traction. Using SAE class S or

    other conventional link type chains may cause damage to the vehicle’s

    wheel house and/or body. Snow cable type chains should only be fitted

    to size P185/60 R15 tires. P185/60R15 tires are not offered by Ford as

    original equipment. To operate the vehicle with snow chains these

    tires must be purchased and mounted separately.

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    • Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any

    wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.

    • Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your

    vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove

    the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.

    • If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.

    • Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use

    tire chains on dry roads.

    • The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle

    damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when

    using snow tires and chains.

    MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS

    Component 2.0L I4 engine 2.3L I4 engine

    Air filter element N/A (Lifetime)

    1

    N/A (Lifetime)

    1

    Fuel filter FG-1081 FG-1081

    Oil filter FL-910

    4

    FL-910

    4

    Battery BXT-96R BXT-96R

    Battery (if equipped

    with Audiophile radio)

    BXT-40R BXT-40R

    PCV valve

    2

    Spark plugs

    3

    1

    Non Serviceable Part. The air filter is designed to last the life of the

    vehicle. See dealer or qualified technician for replacement. The

    Technician can check the diagnostics system for the possibility of an

    excessively dirty air filter.

    2

    The PCV valve is a critical emission component. It is one of the items

    listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide and is essential to the life

    and performance of your vehicle and to its emissions system.

    For PCV valve replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service

    technician. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the

    appropriate intervals for changing the PCV valve.

    Replace the PCV valve with one that meets Ford material and

    design specifications for your vehicle, such as a Motorcraft or

    equivalent replacement part. The customer warranty may be void

    for any damage to the emissions system if such a PCV valve is not

    used.

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    3

    For spark plug replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service

    technician. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the

    appropriate intervals for changing the spark plugs.

    Replace the spark plugs with ones that meet Ford material and

    design specifications for your vehicle, such as Motorcraft or

    equivalent replacement parts. The customer warranty may be

    void for any damage to the engine if such spark plugs are not

    used.

    4

    Only use the specified replacement oil filter. The use of a non-specified

    oil filter can result in engine damage.

    REFILL CAPACITIES

    Fluid Ford Part Name Application Capacity

    Brake fluid

    and clutch

    fluid

    Motorcraft High

    Performance DOT

    3 Motor Vehicle

    Brake Fluid

    All Fill to line on

    reservoir

    Engine

    coolant

    1

    Motorcraft

    Premium Gold

    Engine Coolant

    (yellow-colored)

    2.0L engine 5.75L (6.1 quarts)

    2.3L engine 5.75L (6.1 quarts)

    Engine oil

    (includes

    filter

    change)

    4

    Motorcraft SAE

    5W-20 Premium

    Synthetic Blend

    Motor Oil (US)

    Motorcraft SAE

    5W-20 Super

    Premium Motor

    Oil (Canada)

    2.0L engine 4.3L (4.5 quarts)

    2.3L engine 4.3L (4.5 quarts)

    Fuel tank N/A 2.0/2.3L 53L (14.0 gallons)

    Power

    steering fluid

    Motorcraft

    MERCON威 ATF

    All Fill to between

    MIN and MAX

    lines on reservoir

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    Fluid Ford Part Name Application Capacity

    Transaxle

    fluid

    Motorcraft Full

    Synthetic Manual

    Transmission Fluid

    5-speed manual 2.0L (2.1 quarts)

    3

    Motorcraft

    MERCON威 VATF

    Automatic

    2

    6.6L (6.9 quarts)

    3

    Windshield

    washer fluid

    Motorcraft

    Premium

    Windshield Washer

    Concentrate

    All 4.8L (5.1 quarts)

    1

    Add the coolant type originally equipped in your vehicle.

    2

    Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission

    fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick handle

    or as listed in the Owner Guide. Check the container to verify the fluid

    being added is of the correct type. Refer to your Scheduled

    Maintenance Guide to determine the correct service interval.

    Some transmission fluids may be labeled as dual usage, such as

    MERCON威 and MERCON威 V. These dual usage fluids are not to be used

    in an automatic transmission that requires use of the MERCON威 type

    fluid. However, these dual usage fluids may be used in transmissions that

    require the MERCON威 V type fluid.

    MERCON威 and MERCON威 V type fluids are not interchangeable.

    DO NOT mix MERCON威 and MERCON威 V. Use of a transmission

    fluid that indicates dual usage (MERCON威 and MERCON威 V) in

    an automatic transmission application requiring MERCON威 may

    cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the

    recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.

    3

    Approximate dry fill capacity including transmission fluid cooling

    system, actual refill capacities will vary based on vehicle application and

    transmission fluid cooling system (i.e. coolers size, cooling lines. auxiliary

    cooler capacities). The amount of transmission fluid and fluid level

    should be set by the indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.

    The manual transmission service refill capacity is determined by filling

    the transaxle to the bottom of the filler hole with the vehicle on a level

    surface.

    4

    Use of synthetic or synthetic blend motor oil is not mandatory. Engine

    oil need only meet the requirements of Ford specification

    WSS-M2C930-A and the API Certification mark.

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    LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS

    Item

    Ford Part

    Name or

    Equivalent

    Ford Part

    Number

    Ford

    Specification

    Brake fluid Motorcraft High

    Performance

    DOT 3 Motor

    Vehicle Brake

    Fluid

    PM-1 ESA-M6C25-A

    and DOT 3

    Door latch, hood

    latch, auxiliary

    hood latch,

    trunk latch, seat

    tracks.

    Multi-Purpose

    Grease

    XG-4 or XL-5 ESR-M1C159-A

    or

    ESB-M1C93–B

    Lock cylinder Penetrating and

    Lock Lubricant

    XL-1 none

    Automatic

    transaxle

    Motorcraft

    MERCON威 V

    ATF

    XT-5-QM MERCON威 V

    Manual transaxle Motorcraft Full

    Synthetic

    Manual

    Transmission

    Fluid

    XT-M5-QS WSD-M2C200–C

    Engine oil Motorcraft SAE

    5W-20 Premium

    Synthetic Blend

    Motor Oil (US)

    Motorcraft SAE

    5W-20 Super

    Premium Motor

    Oil (Canada)

    XO-5W20-QSP

    (US)

    CXO-5W20–

    LSP12 (Canada)

    WSS-M2C930-A

    and API

    Certification

    Mark

    Constant

    velocity joints

    CV Joint Grease

    (High Temp.)

    XG-5 WSS-M1C258–A1

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    Item

    Ford Part

    Name or

    Equivalent

    Ford Part

    Number

    Ford

    Specification

    Engine coolant Motorcraft

    Premium Gold

    Engine Coolant

    (yellow-colored)

    VC-7-A (U.S.,

    except CA and

    OR), VC-7-B

    (CA and OR

    only)

    WSS-

    M97B51-A1

    Power steering

    fluid

    Motorcraft

    MERCON威 ATF

    XT-2-QDX MERCON威

    Windshield

    washer fluid

    Motorcraft

    Windshield

    Washer

    Concentrate

    ZC-32–A WSB-M8B16–A2

    ENGINE DATA

    Engine 2.0L I4 engine 2.3L I4 engine

    Cubic inches 121 138

    Required fuel 87 octane 87 octane

    Firing order 1–3–4–21–3–4–2

    Ignition system C.O.P C.O.P

    Compression ratio 10.1:1 9.7:1

    Spark plug gap .051 inch +/- .002 1.3

    mm +/- .05

    .051 inch +/- .002 1.3

    mm +/- .05

    VEHICLE DIMENSIONS

    Vehicle

    dimensions

    Sedan - inches

    (mm)

    3dr/5dr -

    inches (mm)

    Wagon -

    inches (mm)

    (1) Overall

    length

    175.2 (4450) 168.5 (4279) 178.5 (4533)

    (2) Overall

    width

    78.7 (1998) 78.7 (1998) 78.7 (1998)

    (3) Overall

    height

    56.9 (1446) 57.0 (1447) 58.2 (1504)

    1

    (4) Wheelbase 103.0 (2615) 103.0 (2615) 103.0 (2615)

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    Vehicle

    dimensions

    Sedan - inches

    (mm)

    3dr/5dr -

    inches (mm)

    Wagon -

    inches (mm)

    (5) Track -

    Front

    58.9 (1496) 58.9 (1496) 58.9 (1496)

    (5) Track -

    Rear

    58.7 (1492) 58.7 (1492) 58.7 (1492)

    1

    Overall height with roof rack is 60.4 (1533)

    • Sedan

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    • 3dr/5dr

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    • Wagon

    IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE

    Certification label

    The National Highway Traffic Safety

    Administration Regulations require

    that a Certification label be affixed

    to a vehicle and prescribe where the

    Certification label may be located.

    The Certification label is located on

    the structure by the trailing edge of

    the driver’s door or the edge of the

    driver’s door.

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    Vehicle identification number (VIN)

    The vehicle identification number is

    attached to a metal tag and is

    located on the driver side

    instrument panel. (Please note that

    in the graphic XXXX is

    representative of your vehicle

    identification number.)

    1. World manufacturer identifier

    2. Brake type and gross vehicle

    weight rating (GVWR)

    3. Vehicle line, series, body type

    4. Engine type

    5. Check digit

    6. Model year

    7. Assembly plant

    8. Production sequence number

    Engine number

    The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification

    number) is stamped on the engine block, transaxle, and frame.

    XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

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    Transmission/Transaxle code designations

    You can find a transmission/transaxle code on the vehicle certification

    label. The following table tells you which transmission or transaxle each

    code represents.

    Truck application:

    Code Transmission Description

    Manual transmission

    M Manual 5–speed (AKK))

    C Manual 5–speed overdrive (Close ratio)

    W Manual 5–speed overdrive (Dana ZF)

    G Manual 6–speed ZF

    Automatic transmission

    Y Automatic 4–speed overdrive (CD4E)

    U Automatic 4–speed overdrive (4R70W)

    D Automatic 5–speed overdrive (5R44E/5R55E)

    E Automatic 4–speed overdrive (4R100)

    J Manual 5–speed overdrive

    Electric

    H One speed electric

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    Code Transmission Description

    B Automatic 5–speed overdrive (Torqshift)

    R Automatic 5–speed overdrive (5R55S)

    Passenger car application:

    Code Transmission/Transaxle Description

    Front wheel drive manual transaxle

    R5–speed overdrive (MTX75)

    W5–speed overdrive (M5)

    Front wheel drive automatic transaxle

    A4–speed overdrive (4F27E)

    E4–speed overdrive (4FE)

    J3–speed (Mazda)

    L4–speed overdrive (AX4S)

    P4–speed overdrive (4F20E)

    X4–speed overdrive (4F50N)

    Y4–speed overdrive (CD4E)

    Rear wheel drive manual transaxle

    55–speed (Mazda M5)

    Rear wheel drive automatic transmission

    U4–speed overdrive (4R70W)

    A5–speed overdrive (5R55S)

    2005 Focus (foc)

    Owners Guide (post-2002-fmt)

    USA English (fus)

    Maintenance and Specifications

    212

  • Page 213:

    GENUINE FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE

    A wide selection of Genuine Ford Accessories are available for your

    vehicle through your local authorized Ford or Ford of Canada dealer.

    These quality accessories have been specifically engineered to fulfill your

    automotive needs; they are custom designed to complement the style

    and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each accessory

    is made from high quality materials and meets or exceeds Ford’s rigorous

    engineering and safety specifications. Ford Motor Company will repair or

    replace any properly dealer-installed Genuine Ford Accessory found to

    be defective in factory-supplied materials or workmanship during the

    warranty period, as well as any component damaged by the defective

    accessory. The accessory will be warranted for whichever provides you

    the greatest benefit:

    • 12 months or 12,000 miles (20,000 km) (whichever occurs first), or

    • the remainder of your new vehicle limited warranty.

    This means that Genuine Ford Accessories purchased along with your

    new vehicle and installed by the dealer are covered for the full length of

    your New Vehicle’s Limited Warranty — 3 years or 36,000 miles (60,000 km)

    (whichever occurs first). Contact your dealer for details and a copy of

    the warranty.

    Not all accessories are available for all models.

    The following is a list of several Genuine Ford Accessory products for

    your vehicle. Not all accessories are available for all models. For a

    complete listing of the accessories that are available for your vehicle,

    please contact your dealer or visit our online store at:

    www.fordaccessoriesstore.com.

    Exterior style

    Bug shields

    Deflectors

    Exterior trim kits

    Front end covers

    Grille inserts

    Headlamps, fog lights and Daytime Running Lamps (DRLs)

    Splash guards

    Wheels

    Interior style

    Electrochromatic compass/temperature interior mirrors

    Floor mats

    2005 Focus (foc)

    Owners Guide (post-2002-fmt)

    USA English (fus)

    Accessories

    213

  • Page 214:

    Leather wrapped steering wheels

    Scuff plates

    Speed control

    Lifestyle

    Bike racks

    Cargo organization and management

    Peace of mind

    First aid and safety kits

    Full vehicle covers

    Locking gas cap

    Navigation systems

    Remote start

    Vehicle security systems

    For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in

    mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:

    • When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your

    vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of

    the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety

    Compliance Certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight

    information.

    • The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio

    Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile

    communications systems — such as two-way radios, telephones and

    theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such

    equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC

    regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service

    technician.

    • Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your

    vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive

    use.

    • To avoid interference with other vehicle functions, such as anti-lock

    braking systems, amateur radio users who install radios and antennas

    onto their vehicle should not locate the Amateur Radio Antennas in

    the area of the driver’s side hood.

    2005 Focus (foc)

    Owners Guide (post-2002-fmt)

    USA English (fus)

    Accessories

    214

  • Page 215:

    A

    Air bag supplemental restraint

    system ..............................81–82, 89

    and child safety seats ..............83

    description ..........................82, 89

    disposal ......................................91

    driver air bag ......................84, 90

    indicator light ...........................88

    operation .............................84, 90

    passenger air bag ...............84, 90

    side air bag ................................89

    Air cleaner filter .......................202

    Antifreeze

    (see Engine coolant) ................169

    Anti-lock brake system

    (see Brakes) ..............................107

    Anti-theft system ........................62

    arming the system ....................62

    disarming a triggered system ..62

    Audio system (see Radio) ...16, 20

    Automatic transaxle

    fluid, adding ............................186

    fluid, checking ........................186

    fluid, specification ..................206

    Automatic transmission ............110

    driving an automatic

    overdrive .................................111

    fluid, refill capacities ..............203

    Auxiliary power point .................43

    Axle

    lubricant specifications ..........205

    refill capacities ........................203

    B

    Battery .......................................168

    acid, treating emergencies .....168

    jumping a disabled battery ....139

    maintenance-free ....................168

    replacement, specifications ...202

    servicing ..................................168

    BeltMinder ...................................76

    Brakes ........................................107

    anti-lock ...................................107

    anti-lock brake system (ABS)

    warning light ...........................107

    fluid, checking and adding ....185

    fluid, refill capacities ..............203

    fluid, specifications .........205–206

    lubricant specifications ..205–206

    parking ....................................108

    shift interlock ..........................110

    Break-in period .............................5

    C

    Capacities for refilling fluids ....203

    Cargo cover .................................50

    Cell phone use ............................49

    Certification Label ....................209

    Child safety restraints ................92

    child safety belts ......................92

    Child safety seats ........................95

    attaching with tether straps ....99

    in front seat ..............................96

    in rear seat ................................96

    LATCH .....................................101

    Cleaning your vehicle

    engine compartment ..............157

    instrument panel ....................159

    interior .....................................159

    plastic parts ............................158

    washing ....................................156

    waxing .....................................156

    wheels ......................................157

    wiper blades ............................158

    2005 Focus (foc)

    Owners Guide (post-2002-fmt)

    USA English (fus)

    Index

    Index

    215

  • Page 216:

    Climate control (see Air

    conditioning or Heating) ......26–27

    Clutch

    fluid ..................................185–186

    operation while driving ..........113

    recommended shift speeds ....114

    Console

    overhead ....................................42

    Coolant

    checking and adding ..............169

    refill capacities ................173, 203

    specifications ..................205–206

    Cruise control

    (see Speed control) ....................45

    Customer Assistance ................125

    Ford accessories for your

    vehicle .....................................160

    Ford Extended Service

    Plan ..........................................153

    Getting assistance outside

    the U.S. and Canada ..............154

    Getting roadside assistance ...125

    Getting the service you

    need .........................................147

    Ordering additional owner’s

    literature .................................154

    The Dispute Settlement

    Board .......................................149

    Utilizing the

    Mediation/Arbitration

    Program ...................................152

    D

    Daytime running lamps

    (see Lamps) ................................30

    Defrost

    rear window ..............................29

    Dipstick

    automatic transmission

    fluid ..........................................186

    engine oil .................................165

    Doors

    lubricant specifications ..........205

    Driving under special

    conditions ..................................113

    through water .........................115

    E

    Emergencies, roadside

    jump-starting ..........................139

    Emission control system ..........182

    Engine ........................................206

    cleaning ...................................157

    coolant .....................................169

    idle speed control ...................168

    lubrication

    specifications ..................205–206

    refill capacities ........................203

    service points ..........................164

    starting after a collision .........126

    Engine block heater .................106

    Engine fan .........................162, 164

    Engine oil ..................................165

    checking and adding ..............165

    dipstick ....................................165

    filter, specifications ........167, 202

    recommendations ...................167

    refill capacities ........................203

    specifications ..................205–206

    Exhaust fumes ..........................106

    F

    Fan, Engine Cooling .........162, 164

    Floor mats ...................................50

    2005 Focus (foc)

    Owners Guide (post-2002-fmt)

    USA English (fus)

    Index

    216

  • Page 217:

    Fluid capacities .........................203

    Foglamps .....................................30

    Fuel ............................................175

    calculating fuel economy .......179

    cap ...........................................177

    capacity ...................................203

    choosing the right fuel ...........178

    comparisons with EPA fuel

    economy estimates .................182

    detergent in fuel .....................179

    filling your vehicle with

    fuel ...........................175, 177, 179

    filter, specifications ........179, 202

    fuel pump shut-off switch .....126

    improving fuel economy ........179

    octane rating ...................178, 206

    quality ......................................178

    running out of fuel .................179

    safety information relating to

    automotive fuels .....................175

    Fuel pump shut-off switch .......126

    Fuses ..................................127–128

    G

    Garage door opener ....................42

    Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............177

    Gas mileage (see Fuel

    economy) ...................................179

    Gauges .........................................14

    H

    Hazard flashers .........................126

    Headlamps ...................................30

    aiming ........................................31

    bulb specifications ....................33

    daytime running lights .............30

    flash to pass ..............................31

    high beam .................................31

    turning on and off ....................30

    Heating

    heater only system ...................26

    Hood ..........................................163

    I

    Ignition ...............................103, 206

    Infant seats (see Safety seats) ..95

    Inspection/maintenance (I/M)

    testing ........................................184

    Instrument panel

    cleaning ...................................159

    cluster ........................................10

    lighting up panel and

    interior .......................................31

    J

    Jump-starting your vehicle ......139

    K

    Keyless entry system

    autolock .....................................53

    Keys

    positions of the ignition .........103

    L

    Lamps

    bulb replacement

    specifications chart ..................33

    daytime running light ...............30

    fog lamps ...................................30

    headlamps .................................30

    headlamps, flash to pass ..........31

    instrument panel, dimming .....31

    interior lamps ...........................32

    replacing bulbs .........................36

    2005 Focus (foc)

    Owners Guide (post-2002-fmt)

    USA English (fus)

    Index

    217

  • Page 218:

    Lane change indicator

    (see Turn signal) ........................32

    Liftgate ........................................51

    Lights, warning and indicator ....10

    anti-lock brakes (ABS) ..........107

    Load limits .................................115

    Locks

    autolock .....................................53

    childproof ..................................54

    Lubricant specifications ...205–206

    Lug nuts ....................................139

    M

    Manual transaxle

    lubricant specifications ..........206

    Manual transmission .................113

    fluid capacities ........................203

    reverse .....................................114

    Mirrors .........................................45

    side view mirrors (power) .......45

    Moon roof ....................................48

    Motorcraft parts ................179, 202

    O

    Octane rating ............................178

    Oil (see Engine oil) ..................165

    P

    Parking brake ............................108

    Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....202

    Passenger Occupant

    Classification Sensor ...................69

    Power distribution box

    (see Fuses) ...............................131

    Power point .................................43

    Power steering ..........................109

    fluid, checking and adding ....185

    fluid, refill capacity ................203

    fluid, specifications .........205–206

    Power Windows ...........................44

    R

    Radio ......................................16, 20

    Rear window defroster ...............29

    Relays ........................................127

    Remote audio controls ...............24

    Remote entry system .................55

    locking/unlocking doors ...........53

    opening the trunk .....................57

    Roadside assistance ..................125

    S

    Safety Belt Maintenance ............80

    Safety belts

    (see Safety restraints) ...68, 71–75

    Safety defects, reporting ..........155

    Safety restraints ..............68, 71–75

    belt minder ...............................76

    extension assembly ..................80

    for adults .............................72–74

    for children .........................91–92

    Occupant Classification

    Sensor ........................................69

    safety belt maintenance ...........80

    warning light and chime ....75–76

    Safety seats for children ............95

    Seat belts

    (see Safety restraints) ...............68

    Seats ............................................63

    child safety seats ......................95

    Servicing your vehicle ..............162

    2005 Focus (foc)

    Owners Guide (post-2002-fmt)

    USA English (fus)

    Index

    218

  • Page 219:

    Spare tire

    (see Changing the Tire) ...........134

    Spark plugs,

    specifications .....................202, 206

    Specification chart,

    lubricants ...........................205–206

    Speed control ..............................45

    Starting your vehicle .......103–104,

    106

    jump starting ..........................139

    Steering wheel

    tilting .........................................41

    Sunroof (moonroof) ...................48

    T

    Temperature control

    (see Climate control) .................26

    Tilt steering wheel ......................41

    Tires ...................................188–190

    alignment ................................197

    care ..........................................195

    changing ..........................134, 136

    checking the pressure ............195

    label .........................................195

    replacing ..................................200

    rotating ....................................197

    safety practices .......................200

    sidewall information ...............191

    snow tires and chains ............201

    spare tire .................................135

    terminology .............................190

    tire grades ...............................189

    treadwear ........................189, 199

    Towing .......................................121

    recreational towing .................124

    trailer towing ..........................121

    wrecker ....................................146

    Traction control ........................108

    Transaxle

    lubricant specifications ..........206

    Transmission

    automatic operation ...............110

    brake-shift interlock (BSI) ....110

    fluid, checking and adding

    (automatic) .............................186

    fluid, checking and adding

    (manual) .................................188

    fluid, refill capacities ..............203

    lubricant specifications ..........205

    manual operation ....................113

    Trunk ...........................................54

    remote release ..........................57

    Turn signal ..................................32

    V

    Vehicle dimensions ...................206

    Vehicle Identification Number

    (VIN) ..........................................210

    Vehicle loading ..........................115

    Ventilating your vehicle ...........106

    W

    Warning lights (see Lights) .......10

    Washer fluid ..............................165

    Water, Driving through .............115

    Windows

    power .........................................44

    rear wiper/washer .....................40

    Windshield washer fluid and

    wipers

    checking and adding fluid .....165

    operation ...................................40

    replacing wiper blades .............41

    Wrecker towing .........................146

    2005 Focus (foc)

    Owners Guide (post-2002-fmt)

    USA English (fus)

    Index

    219

  • Page 220:

    220

  • Page 221:

    221

  • Page 222:

    222

  • Page 223:

    223

  • Page 224:

    224

DOC-7619240f:

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